The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.) ss 36-42

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XXXVI.

 1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever keepeth my word shall not see death Joh_8:51    

2 for ever. The Jews said unto him, Now we know that thou hast demons. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, Whosoever keepeth my word shall not Joh_8:52   

3 taste death for ever. Art thou haply greater than our father Abraham, who is Joh_8:53   

4 dead, and than the prophets, which are dead? whom makest thou thyself? Jesus said unto them, If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing: my Father is he that Joh_8:54   

5 glorifieth me; of whom ye say, that he is our1 God; and yet ye have not known him: but I know him; and if I should say that I know him not, I should become Joh_8:55   

6 Arabic p. 137 a liar like you: but I know him, and keep his word. Abraham your father Joh_8:56   

7 longed to see my day; and he saw, and rejoiced. The Jews said unto him, Joh_8:57   

8 Thou art now not fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said unto Joh_8:58   

9 them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. And they take2 stones to stone him: but Jesus concealed himself, and went out of the temple. And he passed through them, and went his way. Joh_8:59 Joh_8:59 3   

10 And as he passed, he saw a man blind from his mother’s womb. And his Joh_9:1   

11 disciples asked him, and said, Our Master, who sinned, this man, or his parents, so Joh_9:2   

12 that he was born blind?4 Jesus said unto them, Neither did he sin, nor his parents: Joh_9:3   

13 but that the works of God may be seen in him.5 It is incumbent on me to do the deeds of him that sent me, while it is day: a night will come, and no man will be Joh_9:4   

14 able to busy himself. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world. Joh_9:5   

15 And when he said that, he spat upon the ground, and made clay of his spittle, and Joh_9:6   

16 smeared it on the eyes of the blind man, and said unto him, Go and wash thyself in Joh_9:7   

17 the pool6 of Siloam.7 And he went and washed, and came seeing. And his neighbours, which saw him of old begging, said, Is not this he that was sitting begging? Joh_9:8   

18 And some said, It is he; and others said, Nay, but he resembles him much. He Joh_9:9   

19, 20 said, I am he. They said unto him, How then were thine eyes opened? He answered and said unto them, A man named Jesus made clay, and smeared it on my eyes, and said unto me, Go and wash in the water of Siloam: and I went and Joh_9:10 Joh_9:11   

21 washed, and received sight.8 They said unto him, Where is he? He said, I know not. Joh_9:12   

22, 23 Arabic p. 138 And they brought him that was previously blind to the Pharisees. And the day in which Jesus made clay and opened with it his eyes was a sabbath Joh_9:13 Joh_9:14   

24 day. And again the Pharisees asked him, How didst thou receive sight? And he said Joh_9:15   

25 unto them, He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed, and received sight. The people9 of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, for he keepeth not the sabbath. And others said, How can a man that is a sinner do these signs? And there came Joh_9:16   

26 to be a division amongst them. And again they said to that blind man, Thou, then, what sayest thou of him that opened for thee thine eyes? He said unto them, Joh_9:17   

27 I say that he is a prophet. And the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he was blind, and received sight, until they summoned the parents of him who received Joh_9:18   

28 sight, and asked them, Is this10 your son, of whom ye said that he was born blind? Joh_9:19   

29 how then, behold, doth he now see? His parents answered and said, We know Joh_9:20   

30 that this is our son, and that he was born blind: but how he has come to see now, or who it is that opened his eyes, we know not: and he also has reached his prime; Joh_9:21   

31 ask him, and he will speak for himself. This said his parents, because they were fearing the Jews: and the Jews decided, that if any man should confess of him that Joh_9:22   

32 he was the Messiah, they would put him out of the synagogue. For this reason Joh_9:23   

33 said his parents, He hath reached his prime; ask him. And they called the man a second time, him that was blind, and said unto him, Praise God: we know that this Joh_9:24   

34 man is a sinner. He answered and said unto them, Whether he be a sinner, I know Joh_9:25   

35 not: I know one thing, that I was blind, and I now see. They said unto him again, Joh_9:26   

36 Arabic p. 139 What did he unto thee? how opened he for thee thine eyes? He said unto them, I said unto you, and ye did not hear: what11 wish ye further to hear? Joh_9:27   

37 ye also, do ye wish to become disciples to him? And they reviled him, and said unto him, Thou art the disciple12 of that man; but as for us, we are the disciples of Joh_9:28   

38 Moses. And we know that God spake unto Moses: but this man, we know not Joh_9:29   

39 whence he is. The man answered and said unto them, From this is the wonder, Joh_9:30   

40 because ye know not whence he is, and mine eyes hath he opened. And we know that God heareth not the voice of sinners: but whosoever feareth him, and doeth Joh_9:31   

41 his will, him he heareth. From eternity hath it not been heard of, that a man Joh_9:32   

42 opened the eyes of a blind man, who had been born in blindness. If then this man Joh_9:33   

43 were not from God, he could not do that. They answered and said unto him, Thou wast all of thee born in sins, and dost thou teach us? And they put him forth without. Joh_9:34   

44 And Jesus heard of his being put forth without, and found him, and said unto Joh_9:35   

45 him, Dost thou believe in the Son of God? He that was made whole answered Joh_9:36   

46 and said, Who is he, my Lord, that I may believe in him? Jesus said unto him, Joh_9:37   

47 Thou hast seen him, and he that speaketh to thee is he. And he said, I believe, my Lord. And he fell down worshipping him. Joh_9:38  





1 cf. Peshitta. The Semitic omits our.

2 The Vatican ms. has took him, probably omitting stones, though Ciasca does not say so. Take is probably a copyist’s error change in diacritical points for took.

3 Reckoned to verse 59 in the Greek.

4 A different word in Arabic from that used in Mar_12:1 and Mar_12:6.

5 The Vatican ms. has that we may see the works of God in him. By the addition of a diacritical point this would give the same sense as in the text above, and more grammatically.

6 The Arabic word properly means baptism. The Syriac has both meanings.

7 Lit. Shiloha, as in Syriac.

8 Lit. saw.

9 An easy clerical error for Some.

10 Lit. them, whether this be.

11 Or, why cf. note, Section 7, 3811.

12 Disciples is probably simply a misprint in Ciasca’s text.



Section XXXVII.


1 And Jesus said, To judge the world am I come, so that they that see not may Joh_9:39   

2 see, and they that see may become blind. And some of the Pharisees which were Joh_9:40   

3 with him heard that, and they said unto him, Can it be that we are blind? Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should not have sin: but now ye say, We see: and because of this your sin remaineth.1 Joh_9:41   

4 Arabic p. 140 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever entereth not into the fold of the sheep by the door, but goeth up from another place, that man is a thief and a Joh_10:1   

5, 6 stealer. But he that entereth by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. And therefore2 the keeper of the door openeth for him the door; and the sheep hear his voice: and Joh_10:2 Joh_10:3   

7 he calleth his sheep3 by their names, and they go forth unto him. And when he putteth forth his sheep, he goeth before them, and his sheep3 follow him: because Joh_10:4   

8 they know his voice. And after a stranger will the sheep not go, but they flee from Joh_10:5   

9 him: because they hear not the voice of a stranger. This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they knew not what he was saying unto them. Joh_10:6   

10 Jesus said unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the Joh_10:7   

11 sheep. And all that came are thieves and stealers: but the sheep heard them not. Joh_10:8   

12 I am the door: and if a man enter by me, he shall live, and shall go in and go out, Joh_10:9   

13 and shall find pasture. And the stealer cometh not, save that he may steal, and kill, and destroy: but I came that they might have life, and that they might have Joh_10:10   

14 the thing that is better.4 I am the good shepherd; and the good shepherd giveth Joh_10:11   

15 himself5 for his sheep. But the hireling, who is not a shepherd, and whose the sheep6 are not, when he seeth the wolf as it cometh, leaveth the sheep, and fleeth, Joh_10:12   

16 and the wolf cometh, and snatcheth away the sheep, and scattereth7 them: and the Joh_10:13   

17 hireling fleeth because he is an hireling, and hath no care for the sheep. I am the Joh_10:14   

18 good shepherd; and I know what is mine, and what is mine knoweth me, as my Father knoweth me, and I know my Father; and I give myself8 for the sheep. Joh_10:15   

19 And I have other sheep also, that are not of this flock: them also I must invite, and they shall hear my voice; and all the sheep shall be one, and the shepherd one. Joh_10:16   

20 Arabic p. 141 And therefore doth my Father love me, because I give my life, that I may Joh_10:17   

21 take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I leave it of my own choice. And I have the right to leave it, and have the right also to take it. And this commandment did I receive of my Father. Joh_10:18   

22 And there occurred a disagreement among the Jews because of these sayings. Joh_10:19   

23 And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is afflicted with madness;9 why listen Joh_10:20   

24 ye to him? And others said, These sayings are not those of men possessed with demons. Can a demon haply open the eyes of a blind man? Joh_10:21   

25, 26 And the feast of the dedication came on at Jerusalem: and it was winter. And Joh_10:22 Joh_10:23   

27 Jesus was walking in the temple in the porch of Solomon. The Jews therefore surrounded him, and said unto him, Until when dost thou make our hearts anxious? Joh_10:24   

28 If thou art the Messiah, tell us plainly. He answered and said unto them, I told you, and ye believe not: and the deeds that I do in my Father’s name bear witness Joh_10:25   

29, 30 to me. But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep,10 as I said unto you. Joh_10:26 Joh_10:27   

31 And my sheep10 hear my voice, and I know them, and they come after me: and I give them eternal life; and they shall not perish for ever, nor shall any man snatch Joh_10:28   

32 them out of my hands.11 For the Father, who hath given them unto me, is greater Joh_10:29   

33 than all; and no man is able to take them from the hand of my12 Father. I and Joh_10:30   

34, 35 my Father are one. And the Jews took stones to stone him. Jesus said unto them, Many good deeds from my Father have I shewed you; because of which13 of them, Joh_10:31 Joh_10:32   

36 then, do ye stone me? The Jews said unto him, Not for the good deeds do we stone thee, but because thou blasphemest; and, whilst thou art a man, makest thy- Joh_10:33   

37 self God. Jesus said unto them, Is it not thus written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? Joh_10:34   

38 Arabic p. 142 And if he called those gods — for14 to them came the word of God (and it is Joh_10:35   

39 not possible in15 the scripture that anything should be undone) — he then, whom the Father hath sanctified and sent into the world, do ye say that he blasphemeth; Joh_10:36   

40 because I said unto you, I am the Son of God? If then I do not the deeds of my Joh_10:37   

41 Father, ye believe me not.16 But if I do, even if ye believe not me, believe the deeds: that ye may know and believe that my Father is in me, and I in my Father. Joh_10:38   

42 And they sought again to take him: and he went forth out of their hands. Joh_10:39   

43 And he went beyond Jordan to the place where John was baptizing formerly; Joh_10:40   

44 and abode there. And many people came unto him; and they said, John did not Joh_10:41   

45 work even one sign: but all that John said of this man is truth. And many believed in him. Joh_10:42   

46 And there was a sick man, named Lazarus, of the village of Bethany, the brother Joh_11:1   

47 of Mary and Martha. And Mary was she that anointed with sweet ointment the feet of Jesus, and wiped them with her hair; and Lazarus, who was sick, was the Joh_11:2   

48 brother of this woman.17 And his sisters sent unto Jesus, and said unto him, Our Joh_11:3   

49 Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. But Jesus said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glorifying of God, that the Son of God may be glorified Joh_11:4   

50, 51 because of it. And Jesus loved Martha, and Mary, and Lazarus. And when he Joh_11:5 Joh_11:6   

52 heard that he was sick, he abode in the place where he was two days. And after that, Joh_11:7   

53 he said unto his disciples, Come, let us go into Judæa. His disciples said unto him, Our Master, now the Jews desire to stone thee; and goest thou again thither? Joh_11:8   

54, 55 Arabic p. 143 Jesus said unto them, Is not the day of twelve hours? If then a man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of the world. But if Joh_11:9 Joh_11:10   

56 a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no lamp in him. This said Jesus: and after that, he said unto them, Lazarus our friend hath fallen asleep; but Joh_11:11   

57 I am going to awaken him. His disciples said unto him, Our Lord, if he hath Joh_11:12   

58 fallen asleep, he will recover. But Jesus said that concerning his death: while they Joh_11:13   

59 supposed that he spake of lying down to sleep. Then Jesus said unto them plainly, Joh_11:14   

60 Lazarus is dead. And I am glad that I was not there for your sakes, that ye may Joh_11:15   

61 believe; but let us go thither. Thomas, who is called Thama,18 said to the disciples, his companions, Let us also go, and die with him. Joh_11:16  





1 Or, is permanent.

2 Or, to him.

3 A different word (lit rams) from that used in the other verses, so in Peshitta. cf. Sin., which, however, differs somewhat; cf. also Section 54, 40 f.12.

4 Or, best thing. Vatican ms. omits from but I came.

5 Or, his life.

6 cf. note to Section 37, 62.

7 Or, to snatch . . . and scatter.

8 Or, my life.

9 Lit. epilepsy.

10 cf. Section 37, 6.

11 Or, hand; but probably dual, cf. Syr.

12 So Peshitta; but Sin. the. Borgian ms. omits the hand of.

13 Lit. which deed.

14 cf. Peshitta.

15 This in could more easily arise as a clerical error repetition in the Syriac text.

16 So Ciasca’s text, following Vatican ms. But this is probably a clerical error for the reading of Borgian ms, which omits ye.

17 cf. Peshitta

18 The Syriac word for Twin.



Section XXXVIII.


1, 2 And Jesus came to Bethany, and found him already four days in the grave. And Bethany was beside Jerusalem, and its distance from it was a sum of fifteen fur- Joh_11:17 Joh_11:18   

3 longs;1 and many of the Jews came unto Mary and Martha, to comfort their heart Joh_11:19   

4 because of their brother. And Martha, when she heard that Jesus had come, went Joh_11:20   

5 out to meet him: but Mary was sitting in the house. Martha then said unto Jesus, Joh_11:21   

6 My Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But I know now that, Joh_11:22   

7 whatever thou shalt ask of God, he will give thee. Jesus said unto her, Thy brother shall Joh_11:23   

8 rise. Martha said unto him, I know that he shall rise in the resurrection at the last day. Joh_11:24   

9 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: whosoever believeth in Joh_11:25   

10 Arabic p. 144 me, even though he die, he shall live: and every living one that believeth Joh_11:26   

11 in me shall never die. Believest thou this? She said unto him, Yea, my Lord: I believe that thou art the Messiah, the Son of God, that cometh into the Joh_11:27   

12 world. And when she had said that, she went and called Mary her sister secretly, Joh_11:28   

13 and said unto her, Our Master hath come, and summoneth thee. And Mary, when Joh_11:29   

14 she heard, rose in haste, and came unto him. (And Jesus then had not come into Joh_11:30   

15 the village, but was in the place where Martha met him.) And the Jews also that were with her in the house, to comfort her, when they saw that Mary rose up and went out in haste, went after her, because they supposed that she was going to the Joh_11:31   

16 tomb to weep. And Mary, when she came to where Jesus was, and saw him, fell at his feet, and said unto him, If thou hadst been here, my Lord, my brother had Joh_11:32   

17 not died. And Jesus came; and when he saw her weeping, and the Jews that were Joh_11:33   

18 with her weeping, he was troubled2 in himself, and sighed; and he said, In what Joh_11:34   

19 place have ye laid him? And they said unto him, Our Lord, come and see. And Joh_11:35   

20 the tears of Jesus came.3 The Jews therefore said, See the greatness of his love for Joh_11:36   

21 him! But some of them said, Could not this man, who opened the eyes of that Joh_11:37   

22 blind man, have caused that this man also should not die? And Jesus came to the place of burial, being troubled within himself. And the place of burial was a cave, Joh_11:38   

23 and a stone was placed at its door. Jesus therefore said, Take these stones away. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, said unto him, My Lord, he hath come to Joh_11:39   

24 stink for some time: he hath been4 four days dead. Jesus said unto her, Did not I say Joh_11:40   

25 Arabic p. 145 unto thee, If thou believest, thou shall see the glory of God? And they re- moved those stones. And Jesus lifted his eyes on high, and said, My Father, Joh_11:41   

26 I thank thee Since thou didst hear me. And I know that thou at all times hearest me: but I say this unto thee because of this multitude that is standing, that they Joh_11:42   

27 may believe that thou didst send me. And when he had said that, he cried with a Joh_11:43   

28 loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. And that dead man came out, having his hands and feet bound with bandages, and his face wrapped in a scarf. Jesus said unto them, Loose him, and let him go. Joh_11:44   

29 And many of the Jews which came unto Mary, when they saw the deed of Jesus, Joh_11:45   

30 believed in him. But some of them went to the Pharisees, and informed them of all that Jesus did. Joh_11:46   

31 And the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered, and said, What shall we do? Joh_11:47   

32 for lo, this man doeth many signs. And if we leave him thus, all men will believe Joh_11:48   

33 in him: and the Romans will come and take our country and people. And one of them, who was called Caiaphas, the chief priest he was in that year, said unto them, Joh_11:49   

34 Ye know not anything, nor consider that it is more advantageous for us that one Joh_11:50   

35 man should die instead of the people, and not that the whole people perish. And this he said not of himself: but because he was the chief priest of5 that year, he Joh_11:51   

36 prophesied that Jesus was to die instead of the people; and not instead of the people alone, but that he might gather the scattered children of God together. Joh_11:52   

37 And from that day they considered how to kill him. Joh_11:53   

38 Arabic p. 146 And Jesus did not walk openly amongst the Jews, but departed thence to a place near the wilderness, to a town6 called Ephraim; and he was there, going Joh_11:54   

39 about with his disciples. And the passover of the Jews was near: and many went Joh_11:55   

40 up from the villages unto Jerusalem before the feast, to purify themselves. And they sought for Jesus, and said one to another in the temple, What think ye of his Joh_11:56   

41 holding back from the feast? And the chief priests and the Pharisees had given commandment, that, if any man knew in what place he was, he should reveal it to them, that they might take him. Joh_11:57   

42 And when the days of his going up were accomplished, he prepared himself that Luk_9:51   

43 he might go7 to Jerusalem. And he sent messengers before him, and departed,8 and Luk_9:52   

44 entered into a village9 of Samaria, that they might make ready for him. And they Luk_9:53   

45 received him not, because he10 was prepared for going to Jerusalem. And when James and John his disciples saw it, they said unto him, Our Lord, wilt thou that we speak, and fire come down from heaven, to extirpate them, as did Elijah also? Luk_9:54   

46 And Jesus turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not of what spirit ye are. Luk_9:55   

47 Verily the Son of man did not come to destroy lives, but to give life. And they went to another village. Luk_9:56  





1 Arabic mil, a somewhat indefinite distance.

2 This is the Syriac word cf. the versions, and below, Section 44, 44; see also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc.

3 So in Syriac versions.

4 Borgian ms. omits some time: he hath been.

5 So both mss, but the Vatican ms. had originally a reading equivalent to the text above with of omitted.

6 The Arabic word as printed following Vatican ms. means a place for monks to live in, but we should certainly restore a diacritical point over the last letter, and thus obtain another Syriac loan-word that used here in the Peshitta, meaning town. See also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc.

7 The present Arabic reading in going could pretty easily arise from that assumed in the translation above.

8 This and the following verb are singular in the printed Arabic against the versions, although Ciasca renders them plural. A copyist using a carelessly written Arabic exemplar might conceivably overlook the plural terminations. Besides, They are often omitted in Syriac mss.

9 cf. note, Section 1, 407.

10 Lit. his body.



Section XXXIX.


1 And Jesus six days before the passover1 came to Bethany, where was Lazarus, Joh_12:1   

2 whom Jesus raised from among the dead. And they made2 a feast for him there: Joh_12:2   

3 and Martha was serving; while Lazarus was one of them that sat with him. And Mar_14:3   

4 Arabic p. 147 at the time of Jesus’ being at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, great multitudes of the Jews heard that Jesus was there: and they came, not because of Jesus alone, but that they might look also on Lazarus, whom he raised from among the dead. Joh_12:9   

5, 6 And the chief priests considered how they might kill Lazarus also; because Joh_12:10 Joh_12:11   

7 many of the Jews were going on his account, and believing in Jesus. And Mary took a case of the ointment of fine nard, of great price, and opened it, and poured Joh_12:3 Mar_14:3   

8 it out on the head of Jesus as he was reclining; and she anointed his feet, and wiped them with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. Joh_12:3   

9, 10 But Judas Iscariot, one of the disciples, he that was to betray him, said, Why was Joh_12:4 Joh_12:5   

11 not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given unto the poor? This he said, not because of his care for the poor, but because he was a thief, and the chest Joh_12:6   

12 was with him, and what was put3 into it he used to bear. And that displeased the rest of the disciples also within themselves, and they said, Why went this ointment Mar_14:4   

13 to waste? It was possible that it should be sold for much, and the poor be given Mat_26:9   

14 it. And they were angry with4 Mary. And Jesus perceived it, and said unto them, Leave her; why molest ye her? a good work hath she accomplished on me: for the Mar_14:5 Mat_26:10 Mar_14:6   

15 day of my burial kept she it. At all times the poor are with you, and when ye Joh_12:7 Joh_12:8   

16 wish ye can do them a kindness: but I am not at all times with you. And for this cause, when she poured5 this ointment on my body, it is as if she did it for my bur- Mar_14:7 Mat_26:12   

17 ial, and anointed my body beforehand. And verily I say unto you, In every place where this my gospel shall be proclaimed in all the world, what she did shall be told for a memorial of her. Mar_14:8 Mar_14:9   

18, 19 Arabic p. 148 And when Jesus said that, he went out leisurely to go to Jerusalem, And when he arrived at Bethphage and at Bethany, beside the mount which is Luk_19:28 Luk_19:29 Mat_21:1   

20 called the mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples, and he said unto them, Go Mat_21:2 Mar_11:2   

21 into this village that is opposite you: and when ye enter it, ye shall find an ass tied, and Mat_21:2   

22 a colt with him,6 which no man ever yet mounted: loose him, and bring them7 unto me. And if any man say unto you, Why loose ye them? say unto him thus, We Luk_19:30 Mat_21:2 Luk_19:31   

23 seek them for our Lord; and straightway send them hither. All this was, that what was said in the prophet might be fulfilled, which said, Mat_21:3 Mat_21:4   

24 Say ye unto the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, Meek, and riding upon an ass, And upon a colt the foal of an ass. Mat_21:5   

25 And the disciples did not know this at that time: but after that Jesus was glorified, his disciples remembered that these things were written of him, and that this Joh_12:16   

26 they had done unto him. And when the two disciples went, they found as he had Mat_21:6 Luk_19:32   

27 said unto them, and they did as Jesus charged them. And when they loosed them, Mat_21:6 Luk_19:33   

28 their owners said unto them, Why loose ye them? They said unto them, We seek Luk_19:34   

29 them for our Lord. And they let them go. And they brought the ass and the colt, Mar_11:6 Mat_21:7   

30 and they placed on the colt their garments; and Jesus mounted it. And most of the multitudes spread their garments on the ground before him: and others cut branches Mat_21:8   

31 from the trees, and threw them in the way. And when he neared his8 descent from the mount of Olives, all the disciples began to rejoice and to praise God with Luk_19:37   

32 Arabic p. 149 a loud voice for all the powers which they had seen; and they said, Praise in the highest; Praise to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name Mat_21:9 9   

33 of the Lord; and blessed10 is the kingdom that cometh, that of11 our father David: Peace in heaven, and praise in the highest. Mar_11:10 Luk_19:38   

34 And a great multitude, that which came to the feast, when they heard that Jesus Joh_12:12   

35 was coming to Jerusalem, took young palm branches,12 and went forth to meet him, and cried and said, Praise: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord, the Joh_12:13   

36 King of Israel. Certain therefore of the Pharisees from among the multitudes Luk_19:39   

37 said unto him, Our Master, rebuke thy disciples. He said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If these were silent, the stones would cry out. Luk_19:40   

38, 39 And when he drew near, and saw the city, he wept over it, and said, Would that thou hadst known the things that are13 for thy peace, in this thy day! now that is Luk_19:41 Luk_19:42   

40 hidden from thine eyes. There shall come unto thee days when thine enemies Luk_19:43   

41 shall encompass thee, and straiten thee from every quarter, and shall get possession of14 thee, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee a stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation. Luk_19:44   

42 And when he entered into Jerusalem, the whole city was agitated, and they said, Mat_21:10   

43 Who is this? And the multitudes said, This is Jesus, the prophet that is from Naza- Mat_21:11   

44 reth of Galilee. And the multitude which was with him bare witness that he called Joh_12:17   

45 Lazarus from the grave, and raised him from among the dead. And for this cause great multitudes went out to meet him, because they heard the sign which he did. Joh_12:18  





1 cf. the Greek phrase.

2 Lit. he made cf. first note to Section 38, 437, last sentence.

3 Lit. fell cf. Section 25, 18.

4 Or, stake angrily to.

5 Lit. cast, as in Greek.

6 Sic.

7 Dual in Arabic.

8 The Syriac versions have the.

9 Or better Luk_19:38.

10 Or, and, Blessed.

11 The Arabic has to, but it probably represents the Syrian text with the meaning given above.

12 Lit. the heart or, pith of the palm. The word pith, which occurs also in the Aethiopic version Eze_27:25; Jubilees, Eze_16:1-63 and in Ibn-at-Tayyib s exposition, though not in the British Museum gospel text, is perhaps used here of the inner branches from its resemblance to the post-biblical Hebrew word employed in accounts of the Feast of Tabernacles.

13 Lit. are found, a rendering due to the Syriac.

14 So Ciasca’s text, following Vatican ms. The other ms. has drag., which by restoring a diacritical point to the third radical would give destroy, the reading of the Syriac versions. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary has hide.



Section XL.


1 Arabic p. 150 And when Jesus entered the temple, they brought unto him blind and Mat_21:14   

2 lame: and he healed them. But when the chief priests and the Pharisees saw the wonders that he did, and the children that were crying in the temple and Mat_21:15   

3 saying, Praise be to the Son of David: it distressed them, and they said, Hearest thou not what these say? Jesus said unto them, Yea: did ye not read long ago, From Mat_21:16   

4 the mouths of children and infants thou hast chosen my praise? And the Pharisees said one to another, Behold, do ye not see that nothing availeth us? for lo, the whole world hath followed him. Joh_12:19   

5 And there were among them certain Gentiles also, which had come up to wor- Joh_12:20   

6 ship at the feast: these therefore came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, Joh_12:21   

7 and asked him, and said unto him, My lord, we wish to see Jesus. And Philip Joh_12:22   

8 came and told Andrew: and Andrew and Philip told Jesus. And Jesus answered and said unto them, The hour is come nigh, in which the Son of man is to be glori- Joh_12:23   

9 fied. Verily, verily, I say unto you, A grain of wheat, if it fall not and die in the Joh_12:24   

10 earth, remaineth alone; but if it die, it beareth much fruit. He that loveth his life1 destroyeth it; and he that hateth his life1 in this world shall keep it unto the life eter- Joh_12:25   

11 nal. If a man serve me, he will follow me; and where I am, there shall my servant be Joh_12:26   

12 Arabic p. 151 also: and whosoever serveth me, the Father will honour him. Now is my soul troubled: and what shall I say? My Father, deliver me from this hour. But Joh_12:27   

13 for this cause came I unto this hour. My Father, glorify thy name. And a Joh_12:28   

14 voice was heard from heaven, I have glorified it, and shall glorify it. And the multitude that were standing heard, and said, This is thunder: and others said, An Joh_12:29   

15 angel speaketh to him. Jesus answered and said unto them, Not because of me Joh_12:30   

16 was this voice, but because of you. Now is the judgement of this world; and the Joh_12:31   

17 prince of this world shall now be cast forth. And I, when I am lifted up from the Joh_12:32   

18 earth, shall draw every man unto me. This he said, that he might shew by what Joh_12:33   

19 manner of death he should die. The multitudes said unto him, We have heard out of the law that the Messiah abideth for ever: how then sayest thou, that the Son of Joh_12:34   

20 man is to be lifted up? who is this, the Son of man? Jesus said unto them, Another little while is the light with you. Walk so long as ye have light, test the darkness overtake you; for he that walketh in the darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. Joh_12:35   

21 So long as ye have light, believe the light, that ye may be the children of the light. Joh_12:36   

22 And when certain of the Pharisees asked of Jesus, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered and said unto them, The kingdom of God cometh not Luk_17:20   

23 with expectation: neither shall they say, Lo, it is here! nor, Lo, it is there! for the kingdom of God is within you. Luk_17:21   

24 And in the daytime he was teaching in the temple; and at night he used to go Luk_21:37   

25 out, and pass the night in the mount called the mount of Olives. And all the people came2 to him in the morning in the temple, to hear his word. Luk_21:38   

26, 27 Then spoke Jesus unto the multitudes and his disciples, and said unto them, On the Mat_23:1 Mat_23:2   

28 Arabic p. 152 seat of Moses are seated the scribes and Pharisees: everything that they say unto you now to keep, keep and do: but according to their deeds Mat_23:3   

29 do ye not; for they say, and do not. And they bind heavy burdens, and lay them on the shoulders of the people; while they with one of their fingers will not come Mat_23:4   

30, 31 near3 them. But all their deeds they do to make a shew before men. And all the multitude were hearing that with pleasure. Mat_23:5 Mar_12:37   

32 And in the course of his teaching he said unto them, Guard yourselves from the Mar_12:38   

33 scribes, who desire to walk in robes, and love salutation in the marketplaces, and sitting in the highest places of the synagogues, and at feasts in the highest parts of Mar_12:39   

34 the rooms: and they broaden their amulets, and lengthen the cords of their cloaks, Mat_23:5   

35 and love that they should be called by men, My master, and devour widows’ houses, because4 of their prolonging’ their prayers; these then shall receive greater judge- Mat_23:7 Mar_12:40   

36 ment. But ye, be ye not called masters:5 for your master is one; all ye are brethren. Mat_23:8   

37 Call not then to yourselves any one6 father on earth: for your Father is one, who is Mat_23:9   

38 in heaven. And be not called directors: for your director is one, even the Messiah. Mat_23:10   

39, 40 He that is great among you shall be unto you a minister. Whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and whosoever shall abase himself shall be exalted. Mat_23:11 Mat_23:12   

41 Woe unto you, Pharisees! Because ye love the highest places in the synagogues, and salutation in the marketplaces. Luk_11:43   

42 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye devour widows’ houses, because7 of your prolonging your prayers: for this reason then ye shall receive greater judgement. Mat_23:14   

43 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye have shut the kingdom of God before men. Mat_23:13   

44 Arabic p. 153 Woe unto you that know the law! for ye concealed the keys of know- ledge: ye enter not, and those that are entering ye suffer not to enter. Luk_11:52 Mat_23:13   

45 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because8 ye compass land and sea to draw9 one proselyte; and when he is become so, ye make him a son of hell twice as much10 as yourselves. Mat_23:15   

46 Woe unto you, ye blind! guides! Because ye say, Whosoever sweareth by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gold that is in the temple, Mat_23:16   

47 shall be condemned.11 Ye blind foolish ones: which is greater, the gold, or the Mat_23:17   

48 temple which sanctifieth the gold? And, Whosoever sweareth by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the offering that is upon it, shall be condemned.11 Mat_23:18   

49 Ye blind foolish ones: which is greater, the offering, or the altar which sanctifieth Mat_23:19   

50 the offering? Whosoever then sweareth by the altar, hath sworn by it, and by all Mat_23:20   

51 that is upon it. And whosoever sweareth by the temple, hath sworn by it, and by Mat_23:21   

52 him that is dwelling in it. And whosoever sweareth by heaven, hath sworn by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth upon it. Mat_23:22   

53 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye tithe mint and rue and dill and cummin and all herbs, and ye leave the important matters of the law, judgement, and mercy, and faith, and the love of God: this ought ye to do, and Mat_23:23   

54 not to leave that undone. Ye blind guides, which strain out a gnat, and swallow12 camels. Mat_23:24   

55 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, while the inside of them is full of injustice and wrong. Mat_23:25   

56 Ye blind Pharisees, cleanse first the inside of the cup and of the platter, then shall the outside of them be cleansed. Mat_23:26   

57 Arabic p. 154 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye resemble whited sepulchres, which appear13 from the outside beautiful, but within Mat_23:27   

58 full of the bones of the dead, and all uncleanness. So ye also from without appear unto men like the righteous, but within ye are full of wrong and hypocrisy. Mat_23:28   

59 One of the scribes answered and said unto him, Teacher, in this saying of thine Luk_11:45   

60 thou art casting a slur on us. He said, And to you also, ye scribes, woe! for ye lade men with heavy burdens, and ye with one of your fingers come not near14 those burdens. Luk_11:46   

61 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye build the tombs of the prophets, which your fathers killed, and adorn the burying-places of the righteous, Mat_23:29 Luk_11:47 Mat_23:29   

62 and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we should not have been partakers Mat_23:30   

63 with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore, behold, ye witness against Mat_23:31   

64 yourselves, that ye are the children of those that slew the prophets. And ye also, Mat_23:32   

65 ye fill up the measure15 of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye children of vipers, where shall ye flee from the judgement of Gehenna? Mat_23:33  





1 Or, soul; or, self.

2 i.e., used to come.

3 Or, touch.

4 The Syriac word means on the, pretext of as well as because of cf. Section 50, 115.

5 This word is not spelled in the ordinary way, Doubtless we should supply two diacritical points and read, with the Syriac versions, My Master.

6 cf. Peshitta.

7 Syriac, same as in Section 40, 35; Arabic different.

8 Adopting the reading of Borgian ms. cf. next verse.

9 Perhaps this reading is due to the easy confusion of d and r in Syriac; but it might also conceivably be a corruption of the Arabic word in the next clause. It occurs also in the text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.

10 Doubtless the Arabic word should be read as a monosyllable, as in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.

11 See Section 10, 13.

12 The Arabic word as printed gives no suitable sense. Either the last radical has been omitted, or the last two radicals have exchanged places.

13 Lit. are seen.

14 Or, touch.

15 Lit. boundary or limit.



Section XLI.


1 Therefore, behold, I, the wisdom of God, am sending unto you prophets, and apostles, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall slay and crucify; and some of them ye shall beat in your synagogues, and persecute1 from city to Mat_23:34   

2 city: that there may come on you all the blood of the righteous that hath been poured upon the ground2 from the blood of Abel the pure to the blood of Zachariah the son of Barachiah, whom ye slew between the temple3 and the altar. Mat_23:35   

3 Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation,4 Mat_23:36   

4 Arabic p. 155 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, slayer of the prophets, and stoner of them that are sent unto her! how many times did I wish to gather thy children, as Mat_23:37   

5 a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Your house shall Mat_23:38   

6 be left over you desolate. Verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Mat_23:39   

7 And many of the rulers also believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they Joh_12:42   

8 were not confessing him, lest they be put5 out of the synagogue: and they loved Joh_12:43   

9 the praise of men more than the praising of God. And Jesus cried and said, Joh_12:44   

10 Whosoever believeth in me, believeth not in me, but in him that sent me. And Joh_12:45   

11 whosoever seeth me hath seen him that sent me. I am come a light6 into the Joh_12:46   

12 world, and so every one that believeth in me abideth not in the darkness. And whosoever heareth my sayings, and keepeth them not, I judge him not: for I came Joh_12:47   

13 not to judge the world, but to give the world life. 7 Whosoever wrongeth8 me, and receiveth not my sayings, there is one that judgeth him: the word that I spake, it Joh_12:48   

14 shall judge him at the last day. I from myself did not speak: but the Father which sent me, he hath given me commandment,9 what I should say, and what I Joh_12:49   

15 should speak; and I know that his commandment9 is eternal life. The things that I say now, as my Father hath said unto me, even so I say. Joh_12:50   

16 And when he said that unto them, the scribes and Pharisees began their evil-doing, being angry with him, and finding fault with his sayings, and harassing10 him Luk_11:53   

17 in many things; seeking to catch something from his mouth, that they might be able to calumniate him. Luk_11:54   

18 Arabic p. 156 And when there gathered together myriads of great multitudes, which almost trode one upon another, Jesus began to say unto his disciples, Preserve yourselves Luk_12:1   

19 from the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. For there is nothing Luk_12:2   

20 concealed, that shall not be revealed: nor hid, that shall not be known. Everything that ye have said in the darkness shall be heard in the light; and what ye have spoken secretly in the ears in the inner chambers shall be proclaimed on the roofs. Luk_12:3   

21, 22 This said Jesus, and he went and hid himself from them. But notwithstanding Joh_12:36 Joh_12:37   

23 his having done all these signs before them, they believed not in him: that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, who said, My Lord, who is he that hath believed to hear us? And the arm of the Lord, to whom hath it appeared? Joh_12:38   

24 And for this reason it is not possible for them to believe, because Isaiah also said, Joh_12:39   

25 They have blinded their eyes, and made dark their heart; That they may not see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, And turn, So that I should heal them. Joh_12:40   

26 This said Isaiah when he saw his glory, and spake of him. Joh_12:41   

27 And when Jesus went out of the temple, certain of his disciples came forward Mat_24:1   

28 to shew11 him the buildings of the temple, and its beauty and greatness, and the strength of the stones that were laid in it, and the elegance of its building, and that Mar_13:1 Luk_21:5   

29 it was adorned with noble stones and beautiful colours. Jesus answered and said Mat_24:2   

30 unto them, See ye these great buildings? verily I say unto you, Days will come, when there shall not be left here a stone upon another, that shall not be cast down. Luk_19:43 Luk_19:44 12   

31 And two days before13 the passover of unleavened bread, the chief priests and Mar_14:1   

32 the scribes sought how they might take him by deceit,14 and kill him: and they said, It shall not be at the feast, lest the people be agitated. Mar_14:2   

33 And when Jesus sat on the mount of Olives opposite the temple, his disciples, Simon Cephas and James and John and Andrew, came forward unto him, and said unto him Mar_13:3   

34 between themselves and him, Teacher, tell us when that shall be, and what is the sign Luk_21:7 Mat_24:3   

35 Arabic p. 157 of thy coming and the end of the world. Jesus answered and said unto them, Days will come, when ye shall long to see one of the days of the Son of Mat_24:4 Luk_17:22 Mat_24:4   

36, 37 man, and shall not behold. Take heed lest any man lead you astray. Many shall Mat_24:5 Luk_21:8   

38 come in my name, and say, I am the Messiah; and they shall say, The time is come Mar_13:6   

39 near, and shall lead many astray: go not therefore after them. And when ye hear of wars and tidings of insurrections, see to it, be15 not agitated: for these things must Luk_21:8 Mar_13:7 Mat_24:5 Luk_21:9   

40 first be; only the end is not yet come. Nation shall rise against nation, and king- Mat_24:7   

41 dom against kingdom: and great earthquakes shall be in one place and another, and there shall be famines and deaths and agitations: and there shall be fear and terror and great signs that16 shall appear from heaven, and there shall be great Luk_21:11   

42, 43 storms. All these things are the beginning of travail. But before all of that, they shall lay hands upon you, and persecute you, and deliver you unto the synagogues Mat_24:8 Luk_21:12   

44 and into prisons, and bring you before kings and judges for my name’s sake. And Luk_21:13   

45 that shall be unto you for a witness. But first must my gospel be preached unto all Mar_13:10   

46 nations. And when they bring you into the synagogues before the rulers and the authorities, be not anxious beforehand how ye shall answer for yourselves, or what ye Luk_12:11   

47, 48 shall say: because it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Spirit. Lay it to your heart, not Mar_13:11 Luk_21:14   

49 Arabic p. 158 to be anxious before the time what ye shall say: and I shall17 give you under- standing and wisdom18 which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay. Luk_21:15   

50 And then shall they deliver you unto constraint, and shall kill you: and ye shall be Mat_24:9   

51 hated of all nations because of my name. And then shall many go astray,19 and they Mat_24:10   

52 shall hate one another, and deliver one another unto death. And your parents, and your brethren, and your kinsfolk, and your friends shall deliver you up, and shall Luk_21:16   

53, 54 slay some of you. But a lock of hair from your heads shall not perish. And by Luk_21:18 Luk_21:19   

55 your patience ye shall gain20 your souls. And many men,21 false prophets, shall arise, Mat_24:11   

56 and lead many astray. And because of the abounding of iniquity, the love of many Mat_24:12   

57 shall wax cold. But he that endureth to the end, the same shall be saved. And Mat_24:13   

58 this, the22 gospel of the kingdom, shall be preached in all the world for a testimony to all nations; and then shall come the end of all. Mat_24:14  





1 cf. Section 8, 34.

2 Or, earth.

3 Or, sanctuary.

4 See Section 1, 4910.

5 Lit. become.

6 The text as it stands ought to mean I am a light. 1 am come; but it is a word-for-word reproduction of the Peshitta, and should therefore doubtless be rendered as above.

7 Or, to save the world (cf. Section 1, 7815).

8 See Section 20, 2811.

9 Not the same word.

10 So Ciasca, following Vatican MS. The true reading, however, is probably that underlying the Borgian MS. If we restore diacritical points to the radical letters we get deceiving cf. Section 41, 31, an alternative meaning for the word laying wait for, used in the Peshitta. The Arabic follows the Peshitta very closely in this and the following verse.

11 Or, and shewed.

12 Or rather Mat_24:2, or Mar_13:2.

13 Lit. before two days would be cf. Sin. and above, Section 39, 1, note.

14 cf. Section 41, 1610.

15 Or, that ye be, if we suppose the present text to have resulted from the loss of the second of two alifs.

16 Or, omit that.

17 The Arabic text lacks a letter.

18 Borgian ms. reads you the fruits of wisdom.

19 See Section 25, 175.

20 Or, possess.

21 So the Arabic text; but it doubtless simply represents the Syriac, which here agrees with the Greek.

22 So the Arabic text; but it doubtless simply represents the Syriac, which here agrees with the Greek.



Section XLII.


1 But when ye see Jerusalem with the army compassing it about, then know that Luk_21:20   

2 its desolation is come near. Those then that are in Judæa at that time shall flee to the mountain; and those that are within her shall flee; and those that are in the Luk_21:21   

3 villages shall not enter her. For these days are the days of vengeance, that all that Luk_21:22   

4 is written may be fulfilled. And when ye see the unclean sign of desolation,1 spoken of in Daniel the prophet, standing in the pure place, he that readeth shall understand, Mat_24:15   

5, 6 and then he that is in Judæa shall flee in to the mountain: and let him that is on the Mat_24:16 Mar_13:15   

7 roof not go down, nor enter in to take anything from his house: and let him that is in Mar_13:16   

8 Arabic p. 159 the field not turn behind him to take his garment. Woe to them that are with child and to them that give suck in those days! there shall be great Luk_21:23   

9 distress in the land, and wrath against this nation. And they shall fall on the edge of the sword,2 and shall be taken captive to every land: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the nations, until the times of the nations be ended. Luk_21:24   

10 Then if any man say unto you, The Messiah is here; or, Lo, he is there; believe Mar_13:21   

11 him not: there shall rise then false Messiahs and prophets of lying, and shall do signs and wonders, in order that they may lead astray even the elect also, if they Mat_24:24   

12 be able. But as for you, beware: for I have acquainted you with everything Mar_13:23   

13 beforehand. If then they say unto you, Lo, he is in the desert; go not out, lest ye Mat_24:26   

14 be taken: and if they say unto you, Lo, he is in the chamber; believe not. And as the lightning appeareth from the east, and is seen unto the west; so shall be the Mat_24:27   

15 coming of the Son of man. But first he must suffer much and be rejected by this Luk_17:25   

16 generation.3 Pray therefore that your flight be not in winter, nor on a sabbath: Mat_24:20   

17 there shall be then great tribulation,4 the like of which there hath not been from the Mat_24:21   

18 beginning of the world till now, nor shall be. And except the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh would have lived: but because of the elect, whom he elected, Mar_13:20   

19 he shortened those days. And there shall be signs in the sun and the moon and the stars; and upon the earth affliction4 of the nations, and rubbing of hands for the con- Luk_21:25   

20 Arabic p.160 fusion5 of the noise of the sea, and an earthquake: the souls of men shall Luk_21:26   

21 go forth from fear of that which is to come upon the earth. And in those days, straightway after the distress of those days, the sun shall become dark, and the moon shall not shew its light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers Mar_13:24 Mat_24:29   

22 of heaven shall be convulsed: and then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and at that time all the tribes of the earth shall wail, and look unto the Son Mat_24:30   

23 of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and much glory. And he shall send his angels with the great trumpet, and they shall gather his elect from the four Mat_24:31   

24 winds, from one end of heaven to the other.6 But when these things begin to be, be of good cheer, and lift up your heads; for your salvation 7 is come near. Luk_21:28   

25 Learn the example of the fig tree: when it letteth down its branches,8 and put- Mat_24:32   

26 teth forth its leaves, ye know that the summer is come; so ye also, when ye see these things begun to be, know ye that the kingdom of God hath arrived at the Mat_24:33   

27 door. Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass away, until all these Mat_24:34   

28 things shall be. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my sayings shall not pass away. Mat_24:35   

29 Take heed to yourselves, that your hearts become not heavy with inordinate desire,9 and drunkenness, and the care of the world at any time, and that day come Luk_21:34   

30 upon you suddenly: for it is as a shock that shocks all the inhabitants that are on the Luk_21:35   

31 face of the whole earth. Watch at all times, and pray, that ye may be worthy to escape from all the things that are to be, and that ye may stand before the Son of Luk_21:36   

32 Arabic p. 161 man. Of that day and of that hour hath no man learned, not even the angels Mar_13:32   

33 of heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. See ye, and watch and pray: for ye know Mar_13:33   

34 not when that time will be. It is as a man, who journeyed, and left his house, and gave his authority to his servants, and appointed every man to his work, and Mar_13:34   

35 charged the porter to be wakeful. Be wakeful then:10 since ye know not when the lord of the house cometh, in the evening, or in the middle of the night, or when the Mar_13:35   

36 cock croweth, or in the morning; lest he come unexpectedly, and find you sleeping. Mar_13:36   

37 The thing that I say unto you, unto all of you do I say it, Be ye watchful. Mar_13:37   

38 For as it was in the days of Noah, so shall the coming of the Son of man be. Mat_24:37   

39 As they were before the flood eating and drinking, and taking wives, and giving Mat_24:38   

40 wives to men, until the day in which Noah entered into the ark, and they perceived not till the flood came, and took them all; so shall the coming of the Son of man Mat_24:39   

41 be. And as it was in the days of Lot; they were eating and drinking, and selling Luk_17:28   

42 and buying, and planting and building, on the day in which Lot went out from Sodom, and the Lord rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them Luk_17:29   

43, 44 all: so shall it be in the day in which the Son of man is revealed.11 And in that day, whosoever is on the roof, and his garments12 in the house, let him not go down to Luk_17:30 Luk_17:31   

45 take them: and he that is in the field shall not turn behind him. Remember Lot’s Luk_17:32   

46 wife. Whosoever shall desire to save his life shall destroy it: but whosoever shall Luk_17:33   

47 destroy his life shall save it. Verily I say unto you, In that night there shall be two on Luk_17:34   

48 Arabic p. 162 one bed; one shall be taken, and another left. And two women shall be grind- Luk_17:35   

49 ing at one mill; one shall be taken, and another left. And two shall be in the Luk_17:36   

50 field; one shall be taken, and another left. They answered and said unto him, To what place, our Lord? He said unto them, Where the body is, there will the eagles Luk_17:37   

51, 52 gather. Be attentive now: for ye know not at what hour your Lord cometh. Know this: if the master of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have been attentive, and would not make it possible that his house should be Mat_24:42 Mat_24:43   

53 broken through. Therefore be ye also ready: for in the hour that ye think not the Son of man cometh. Mat_24:44  





1 So Vatican ms., following the Peshitta. Ciasca follows Borgian ms., which by a change of diacritical points has the hardly grammatical reading, see that it is the desolation, the unclean thing spoken of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary supports Vatican ms.

2 This word has a Syriac meaning given to it. In Arabic it means war.

3 cf. Section 16, 2.

4 Same Arabic and Syriac word as in Section 41, 50.

5 So the Borgian ms. The Vatican ms., followed by Ciasca has grief.

6 Lit. the end of heaven unto its end.

7 Or, deliverance.

8 cf. Peshitta, which text the translator seems to have misread.

9 cf. Peshitta.

10 cf. Section 9, 21.

11 Or, appeareth.

12 cf. Section 14, 245.