The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)
1 Verily I say unto you, It is difficult for a rich man to enter the kingdom of Mat_19:23
2 heaven. And I say unto you also, that it is easier for a camel to enter the eye of Mat_19:24
3 a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. And the disciples were wondering at these sayings. And Jesus answered and said unto them again, My children, how hard it is for those that rely on their possessions to enter the Mar_10:24
4 kingdom of God! And those that were listening wondered more, and said amongst Mar_10:26
5 themselves, being agitated,1 Who, thinkest thou, can be saved? And Jesus looked at them intently, and said unto them, With men this is not possible, but with God it is: Mar_10:27
6 Arabic p. 111 it is possible for God to do everything. Simon Cephas said unto him, Lo, we have left everything, and followed thee; what is it, thinkest thou, that we Luk_18:28 Mat_19:27
7 shall have? Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, Ye that have followed me, in the new world, when the Son of man shall sit on the throne of his glory, ye also Mat_19:28
8 shall sit on twelve thrones, and shall judge the twelve tribes of Israel. Verily I say unto you, No man leaveth houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or kinsfolk, or lands, because of the kingdom of God, or for my Mar_10:29
9 sake, and the sake of my gospel, who shall not obtain2 many times as much in this Luk_18:30
10 time, and in the world to come inherit eternal life: and now in this time, houses, and brothers, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecution; Mar_10:30
11 and in the world to come everlasting life. Many that are first shall be last,3 and that are last shall be first. Mar_10:31
12 And when the Pharisees heard all this, because of their love for wealth they Luk_16:14
13 scoffed at him. And Jesus knew what was in their hearts, and said unto them, Ye are they that justify yourselves before men; while God knows your hearts: the thing that is lofty with men is base before God. Luk_16:15
14 And he began to say, A certain man was rich, and wore silk and purple, and en- Luk_16:19
15 joyed himself every day in splendour: and there was a poor man named Lazarus, and Luk_16:20
16 he was cast down at the door of the rich man, afflicted with sores, and he longed to fill his belly with the crumbs that fell from the table of that rich man; yea, Luk_16:21
17 Arabic p. 112 even4 the dogs used to come and lick his sores. And it happened that that poor man died, and the angels conveyed him into the bosom of Abraham: and the Luk_16:22
18 rich man also died, and was buried. And while he was being tormented in Hades, Luk_16:23
19 he lifted up his eyes from afar, and saw Abraham with5 Lazarus in his bosom. And he called with a loud voice, and said, My father Abraham, have mercy upon me, and send Lazarus to wet the tip of his finger with water, and moisten my tongue Luk_16:24
20 for me; for, behold, I am burned in this flame. Abraham said unto him, My son, remember that thou receivedst thy good things in thy life, and Lazarus his afflic- Luk_16:25
21 tions: but now, behold, he is at rest here, and thou art tormented. And in addition to all this, there is between us and you a great abyss placed, so that they that would cross unto you from hence cannot, nor yet from thence do they cross unto Luk_16:26
22 us. He said unto him, Then I beseech thee, my father, to send him to my father’s Luk_16:27
23 house; for I have five brethren; let him go, that they also sin not,6 and come to Luk_16:28
24 the abode of this torment.7 Abraham said unto him, They have Moses and the Luk_16:29
25 prophets; let them hear them. He said unto him, Nay,8 my father Abraham: but Luk_16:30
26 let a man from the dead go unto them, and they will repent. Abraham said unto him, If they listen neither to Moses nor to the prophets, neither if a man from the dead rose would they believe him. Luk_16:31
27 The kingdom of heaven is like a man that is a householder, which went out early Mat_20:1
28 in the morning to hire labourers for his vineyard. And he agreed with the labourers on Mat_20:2
29 one penny a day for each labourer, and he sent them into his vineyard. And he went Mat_20:3
30 Arabic p. 113 out in three hours, and saw others standing in the market idle. He said unto them, Go ye also into my vineyard, and what is right I will pay you. Mat_20:4
31 And they went. And he went out also at the sixth and the ninth hour, and did like- Mat_20:5
32 wise, and sent them. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle. He said unto them, Why are ye standing the whole day idle? Mat_20:6
33 They said unto him, Because no one hath hired us. He said unto them, Go ye Mat_20:7
34 also into the vineyard, and what is right ye shall receive. So when evening came, the lord of the vineyard said unto his steward, Call the labourers, and pay them Mat_20:8
35 their wages; and begin with the later ones, and end with the former ones. And Mat_20:9
36 those of eleven hours9 came, and received each a penny. When therefore the first came, they supposed that they should receive something more; and they also Mat_20:10
37 received each a penny. And when they received it, they spake angrily against the Mat_20:11
38 householder, and said, These last worked one hour, and thou hast made them equal Mat_20:12
39 with us, who have suffered the heat of the day, and its burden. He answered and said unto one of them, My friend, I do thee no wrong: was it not for a penny that Mat_20:13
40 thou didst bargain with me? Take what is thine, and go thy way; for I wish to Mat_20:14
41 give this last as I have given thee. Or am I not entitled to do with what is mine10 Mat_20:15
42 what I choose? Or is thine eye perchance evil, because I am good? Thus shall the last ones be first, and the first last. The called are many, and the chosen are few. Mat_20:16
43 And when Jesus entered into the house of one of the chiefs of the Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, and they were watching him to see what he would Luk_14:1
44, 45 do, and there was before him a man which had the dropsy, Jesus answered and Luk_14:2 Luk_14:3
46 Arabic p. 114 said unto the scribes and the Pharisees, Is it lawful on the sabbath to heal? But they were silent. So he took him, and healed him, and sent him away. Luk_14:4
47 And he said unto them, Which of you shall have his son or his ox fall on the sabbath day into a well, and not lift him up straightway, and draw water for Luk_14:5
48 him? And they were not able to answer him a word to that. Luk_14:6
1 cf. note, Section 1, 142. As. Borgian ms. omits being agitated.
2 Lit. meet with; or, be recompensed with.
3 The Arabic words are not so strong.
4 Or, so that.
5 Or, and.
6 The Syriac and Arabic versions here agree with the Greek. For a plausible suggestion as to the origin of the strange reading in the text, see Harris, The Diatessaron of Tatian, p. 21, who cites a parallel from Aphraates.
7 This may be simply a corruption of the Peshitta.
8 Or, Surely. The word is omitted by Borgian ms.
9 i.e., probably the eleventh hour cf. Section 21, 10.
10 Lit. my thing.
1 And he spake a parable unto those which were bidden there, because he saw Luk_14:7
2 them choose the places that were in the highest part of the sitting room: When a man invites thee to a feast, do not go and sit at the head of the room; lest there Luk_14:8
3 be there a man more honourable than thou, and he that invited you come and say unto thee, Give the place to this man: and thou be ashamed when thou risest and Luk_14:9
4 takest1 another place. But when thou art invited, go and sit last; so that when he that invited thee cometh, he may say unto thee, My friend, go up higher: and Luk_14:10
5 thou shalt have praise before all that were invited with thee. For every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and every one that abaseth himself shall be exalted. Luk_14:11
6 And he said also to him that had invited him, When thou makest a feast a or a banquet,2 do not invite thy friends, nor even thy brethren, nor thy kinsmen, nor thy Luk_14:12
7 rich neighbours; lest haply they also invite thee, and thou have this reward. But when thou makest a feast, invite the poor, and those with withered hand, and the Luk_14:13
8 lame, and the blind: and blessed art thou, since they have not the means to reward Luk_14:14
9 thee; that thy reward may be at the rising of the righteous. And when one of them that were invited heard that, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God. Luk_14:15
10, 11 Arabic p. 115 Jesus answered again in parables, and said, The kingdom of heaven hath been likened to3 a certain king, which made a feast4 for his son, and prepared a Mat_22:1 Mat_22:2 Luk_14:16
12 great banquet,5 and invited many: and he sent his servants at the time of the feast to inform them that were invited, Everything is made ready for you; come. And Luk_14:17 Mat_22:3
13 they would not come, but began all of them with one voice to make excuse. And the first said unto them, Say to him, I have bought a field, and I must needs go out Luk_14:18
14 to see it: I pray thee to release6 me, for I ask to be excused. And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to examine them: I pray thee Luk_14:19
15 to release me, for I ask to be excused. And another said, I have married a wife, Luk_14:20
16 and therefore I cannot come. And the king sent also other servants, and said, Say to those that were invited, that my feast is ready, and my oxen and my fatlings are Mat_22:4
17 slain, and everything is ready: come to the feast. But they made light of it, and Mat_22:5
18 went, one to his field, and another to his merchandise: and the rest took his Mat_22:6
19 servants, and entreated them shamefully, and killed them. And one of the servants Luk_14:12
20 came, and informed his lord of what had happened. And when the king heard, he became angry, and sent his armies; and they destroyed those murderers, and Mat_22:7
21 burned their cities. Then he said to his servants, The feast is prepared, but those Mat_22:8
22 that were invited were not worthy. Go out quickly into the markets and into the partings of the ways of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and those with pains, and the lame, and the blind. And the servants did as the king commanded them. Luk_14:21
23 And they came, and said unto him, Our lord, we have done all that thou commandedst Luk_14:22
24 us, and there is here still room. So the lord said unto his servants, Go out into the roads, and the ways, and the paths, and every one that ye find, invite Luk_14:23 Mat_22:9
25 Arabic p. 116 to the feast, and constrain them to enter, till my house is7 filled. I say unto you, that no one of those people that were invited shall taste of my feast. Luk_14:23 Luk_14:24
26 And those servants went out into the roads, and gathered all that they found, good and Mat_22:10
27 bad: and the banquet-house was filled with guests. And the king entered to see those Mat_22:11
28 who were seated, and he saw there a man not wearing a festive garment: and he said unto him, My friend, how didst thou come in here not having on festive garments? Mat_22:12
29 And he was silent. Then the king said to the servants, Bind his hands and his feet, and put him forth into the outer darkness; there shall be weeping and Mat_22:13
30 gnashing of teeth. The called are many; and the chosen, few. Mat_22:14
31 And after that, the time of the feast of unleavened bread of the Jews arrived, Joh_5:1
32 and Jesus went out to go to Jerusalem. And as he went in the way, there met him Luk_17:11 Luk_17:12
33 ten persons who were lepers, and stood afar off: and they lifted up their voice, and Luk_17:13
34 said, Our Master, Jesus, have mercy upon us. And when he saw them, he said unto them, Go and shew yourselves unto the priests. And when they went, they Luk_17:14
35 were cleansed. And one of them, when he saw himself cleansed, returned, and Luk_17:15
36 was praising God with a loud voice; and he fell on his face before the feet of Luk_17:16
37 Jesus, giving him thanks: and this man was a Samaritan. Jesus answered and said, Luk_17:17
38 Were not those that were cleansed ten? where then are the nine? Not one of them turned aside to come and praise God, but this man who is of a strange Luk_17:18
39 people. He said unto him, Arise, and go thy way; for thy faith hath given thee life.8 Luk_17:19
40 And while they were going up in the way to Jerusalem, Jesus went in front of them; and they wondered, and followed him fearing. And he took his twelve disciples apart, Mar_10:32
41 Arabic p. 117 and began to tell them privately9 what was about to befall him. And he said unto them, We are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things shall be fulfilled Luk_18:31
42 that are written in the prophets concerning the Son of man. He shall be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, Mar_10:33
43 and deliver him to the peoples;10 and they shall treat him shamefully, and scourge Mar_10:34
44 him, and spit in his face, and humble him,11 and crucify him, and slay him: and on Luk_18:33
45 the third day he shall rise. But they understood not one thing of this; but this word was hidden from them, and they did not perceive these things that were addressed to them. Luk_18:34
46 Then came near to him the mother of the (two) sons of Zebedee, she and her (two) sons, and worshipped him, and asked of him a certain thing. And he said Mat_20:20 Mat_20:21
47 unto her, What wouldest thou? And James and John, her two sons, came forward, and said unto him, Teacher, we would that all that we ask thou wouldest Mar_10:35
48 do unto us. He said unto them,12 What would ye that I should do unto you? Mar_10:36
49 They said unto him, Grant us that we may sit, the one on thy right, and the other So Mar_10:37
50 on thy left, in thy kingdom and thy glory. And Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink the cup that I am to drink? and with the Mar_10:38
51 baptism that I am to be baptized with, will ye be baptized? And they said unto him, We are able. Jesus said unto them, The cup that I drink ye shall drink; and Mar_10:39
52 with the baptism wherewith I am baptized ye shall be baptized: but that ye should sit on my right and on my left is not mine to give; but it is for him for whom my Father hath prepared it. Mar_10:40
1 Lit. at thy rising and taking.
2 Practically synonymous words.
3 Borgian ms., is like.
4 Used specially of a marriage feast.
5 Lit: bread, the Syriac word for which not that in the versions means feast.
6 Or, omit.
7 Or, that any house may be.
8 Or, saved thee.
9 Lit. between himself and them.
10 i.e., Gentiles.
11 An obscure expression perhaps it was originally a repetition of the preceding clause. It might be emended into point at him the finger of scorn.
12 Lit. of course the two of them, and so all through the conversation.
1 And when the ten heard, they were moved with anger against James and John. Mar_10:41
2 And Jesus called them, and said unto them, Ye know that the rulers of the nations Mar_10:42
3 Arabic p. 118 are their lords; and their great men are set in authority over them. Not thus shall it be amongst you: but he amongst you that would be great, let him be to you a Mar_10:43
4 servant; and whoever of you would be first,1 let him be to every man a Mar_10:44
5 bond-servant: even as the Son of man also came not to be served, but to serve, and Mat_20:28
6 to give himself a ransom in place of the many. He said this, and was going about Luk_13:22
7 the villages and the cities, and teaching; and he went to Jerusalem. And a man asked him, Are those that shall be saved few? Jesus answered and said unto Luk_13:23
8 them, Strive ye to enter at the narrow door: I say unto you now, that many shall Luk_13:24
9 seek to enter, and shall not be able2 – from the time when the master of the house riseth, and closeth the door, and ye shall be standing without, and shall knock at the door, and shall begin to say, Our lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and Luk_13:25
10 say, I say unto you, I know you not whence ye are: and ye shall begin to say, Luk_13:26
11 Before thee we did eat and drink, and in our markets didst thou teach; and he shall say unto you, I know you not whence ye are; depart3 from me, ye servants Luk_13:27
12 of untruth. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, while ye are Luk_13:28
13 put forth without. And they shall come from the east and the west, and from the Luk_13:29
14 north and the south, and shah sit down in the kingdom of God. And there shall then be last that have become first, and first that have become last. Luk_13:30
15, 16 And when Jesus entered and passed through Jericho, there was a man named Zacchæus, Luk_19:1 Luk_19:2
17 rich, and chief of the publicans. And he desired to see Jesus who he was; and he was not able for the pressure of the crowd, because Zacchæus was little of stature. Luk_19:3
18 Arabic p. 119 And he hastened, and went before Jesus, and went up into an unripe fig Luk_19:4
19 tree4 to see Jesus: for he was to pass thus. And when Jesus came to that place, he saw him, and said unto him, Make haste, and come down, Zacchæus: Luk_19:5
20 to-day I must be in thy house. And he hastened, and came down, and received Luk_19:6
21 him joyfully. And when they all saw, they murmured, and said, He hath gone in Luk_19:7
22 and lodged with a man that is a sinner. So Zacchæus stood, and said unto Jesus, My Lord, now half of my possessions I give to the poor, and what I have unjustly Luk_19:8
23 taken5 from every man I give him fourfold. Jesus said unto him, To-day is salvation Luk_19:9
24 come to this house, because this man also is a6 son of Abraham. For the Son of man came to seek and save the thing that was lost. Luk_19:10
25 And when Jesus went out of Jericho, he and his disciples, there came after him Luk_18:35 7 Mat_20:29
26 a great multitude. And there was a blind man sitting by the way side begging. Luk_18:35
27 And his name was Timæus, the son of Timæus. And he heard the sound of the Mar_10:46 Luk_18:36
28 multitude passing, and asked, Who is this? They said unto him, Jesus the Nazarene Luk_18:37
29 passeth by. And when he heard that it was Jesus, he called out with a loud Mar_10:47 Luk_18:38
30 voice, and said, Jesus, son of David, have mercy on me. And those that went before Jesus were rebuking him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried the Luk_18:39 Mar_10:48
31 more, and said, Son of David, have mercy on me. And Jesus stood, and commanded that they should call him. And they called the blind man, and said unto Mar_10:49
32 him, Be of good courage, and rise; for, behold, he calleth thee. And the blind Mar_10:50
33 man threw away his garment, and rose, and came to Jesus. Jesus said unto him, What dost thou wish that I should do unto thee? And that blind man said unto him, My Lord and Master, that my eyes may be opened, so that I may see thee.8 Mar_10:51
34 Arabic p. 120 And Jesus had compassion on him, and touched his eyes, and said unto Mat_20:34
35 him, See; for thy faith hath saved thee. And immediately he received his sight,9 and came after him, and praised God; and all the people that saw praised God. Luk_18:42 Luk_18:43
36 And he spake a parable because he was nearing10 Jerusalem, and they supposed Luk_19:11
37 that at that time the kingdom of God was about to appear. He said unto them, A man, a son of a great race, went into a far country, to receive a kingdom, and Luk_19:12
38 return. And he called his ten servants, and gave them ten shares, and said unto Luk_19:13
39 them, Trade till the time of my coming. But the people of his city hated him, and Luk_19:14
40 sent messengers after him, and said, We will not that this man reign over us. And when he had received a11 kingdom, and returned, he said that the servants to whom he had given the money should be called unto him, that he might know what each Luk_19:15
41 of them had traded. And the first came, and said, My lord, thy share hath gained Luk_19:16
42 ten shares. The king said unto him, Thou good and faithful servant, who hast Luk_19:17
43 been found faithful in a little, be thou set over ten districts. And the second came, Luk_19:18
44 and said, My lord, thy portion hath gained five portions. And he said unto him Luk_19:19
45 also, And thou shall be set over five districts. And another came, and said, My Luk_19:20
46 lord, here is thy portion, which was with me laid by in a napkin: I feared thee, because thou art a hard man, and takest what thou didst not leave, and seekest Luk_19:21
47 what thou didst not give, and reapest what thou didst not sow. His lord said unto him, From thy mouth shall I judge thee, thou wicked and idle servant, who wast untrustworthy. Thou knewest that I am a hard man, and take what I did not Luk_19:22
48 leave, and reap what I did not sow: why didst thou not put my money at usury, Luk_19:23
49 and so I might come and seek it, with its gains? And he said unto those that were standing in front of him, Take from him the share, and give it to him that hath Luk_19:24
50, 51 Arabic p. 121 ten shares. They said unto him, Our lord, he hath ten shares. He said unto them, I say unto you, Every one that hath shall be given unto; and Luk_19:25 Luk_19:26
52 he that hath not, that which he hath also shall be taken from him. And those mine enemies who would not that I should reign over them, bring them, and slay them before me. Luk_19:27
1 Lit. advanced.
2 Lit. find, like the Syriac
3 This rendering requires the omission of the diacritical point over the middle radical. The text as printed means perish.
4 cf. the extract from Isho’dad Harris, Fragments p. 19.
5 A diacritical point must be restored to the second letter of this word. As it stands it gives no sense.
6 Lit. the.
7 Rather, Mat_20:29 + Mar_10:46
8 cf. Mat_20:33, and Luk_18:41, both in Curetonian.
9 Lit. saw.
10 Or, near.
11 Doubtless a misinterpretation of the Syriac.
1 And when Jesus entered Jerusalem, he went up to the temple of God, and found Mat_21:12 Joh_2:14
2 there oxen and sheep and doves. And when he beheld those that sold and those that bought, and the money-changers sitting, he made for himself a scourge of rope, and drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep and the oxen, and the money-changers; and he threw down their money, and upset their tables, and the seats of Mat_21:12 Joh_2:14 Mat_21:12
3 them that sold the doves; and he was teaching, and saying unto them, Is it not written, My house is a house of prayer for all peoples? and ye have made it a den Mat_21:13
4 for robbers. And he said unto those that sold the doves, Take this hence, and Joh_2:16
5 make not my Father’s house a house of merchandise. And he suffered not any Mar_11:16
6 one to carry vessels inside the temple. And his disciples remembered the scripture, Joh_2:17
7 The zeal of thy house hath eaten me up. The Jews answered and said unto him, Joh_2:18
8 What sign hast thou shewn us, that thou doest this? Jesus answered and said unto Joh_2:19
9 them, Destroy this temple, and I shall raise it in three days. The Jews said unto him, This temple was built in forty-six years, and wilt thou raise it in three days? Joh_2:20
10 But he spake unto them of the temple of his body, that when1 they destroyed it, he Joh_2:21
11 Arabic p. 122 would raise it in three days. When therefore he rose from among the dead, his disciples remembered that he said this; and they believed the scriptures, and the word that Jesus spake. Joh_2:22
12 And when Jesus sat down over against the treasury, he observed how the multitudes were casting their offerings into the treasury: and many rich men were Mar_12:41
13, 14 throwing in much. And there came a poor widow, and cast in two mites. And Jesus called his disciples, and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, This poor Mar_12:42 Luk_21:3
15 widow cast into the treasury more than all the people: and all of these cast into the place of the offering of God2 of the superfluity of their wealth; while this woman of her want threw in all that she possessed. Mar_12:44
16 And he spake unto them this parable, concerning people who trusted in them- Luk_18:9
17 selves that they are righteous, and despised every man: Two men went up to the Luk_18:10
18 temple to pray; one of them a Pharisee, and the other a publican. And the Pharisee stood apart,3 and prayed thus, O Lord, I thank thee, since I am not like the rest of men, the unjust, the profligate, the extortioners, or even like this publican; Luk_18:11
19, 20 but I fast two days a week, and tithe all my possessions.4 And the publican was standing at a distance, and he would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but was Luk_18:12 Luk_18:13
21 beating upon his breast, and saying, O Lord, have mercy on me, me the sinner. I say unto you, that this man went down justified to his house more than the Pharisee. Every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and every one that abaseth himself shall be exalted. Luk_18:14
22 Arabic p. 123 And when eventide was come, he left all the people, and went outside the Mar_11:19 Mat_21:17
23 city to Bethany, he and his twelve, and he remained there. And all the people, because they knew the place, came to him, and he received them; and them that Luk_9:11
24 had need of healing he healed. And on the morning of the next day, when he returned Mar_11:12
25 to the city from Bethany, he hungered. And he saw a5 fig tree at a distance on the beaten highway, having on it leaves. And he came unto it, expecting to find something on it; and when he came, he found nothing on it but the leaves – it6 was not Mar_11:13
26 the season of figs – and he said unto it, Henceforward for ever let no man eat fruit of thee. And his disciples heard. Mar_11:14
27 And they came to Jerusalem. And there was there a man of the Pharisees, Mar_11:15 Joh_3:1
28 named Nicodemus, ruler of the Jews. This man came unto Jesus by night, and said unto him, My Master, we know that thou hast been sent from God as a teacher; and no man can do these signs that thou doest, except him whom God is Joh_3:2
29 with. Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, If a man Joh_3:3
30 be not born a second time, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus said unto him, How can a man who is old be born? can he, think you, return again to Joh_3:4
31 his mother’s womb a second time, to enter and be born? Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, If a man be not born of water and the Spirit, Joh_3:5
32 he cannot enter the kingdom of God. For he that is born of flesh is flesh; and he that Joh_3:6
33 is born of Spirit is spirit. Wonder not that I said unto thee that ye must be born a Joh_3:7
34 Arabic p. 124 second time. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest its voice, but thou knowest not from what place it cometh, nor whither it goeth: so Joh_3:8
35 is every man that is born of the Spirit. Nicodemus answered and said unto him, Joh_3:9
36 How can that be? Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou teaching7 Israel, Joh_3:10
37 and yet knowest not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, What we know Joh_3:11
38 we say, and what we have seen we witness: and ye receive not our witness. If I said unto you what is on earth, and ye believed not, how then, if I say unto you Joh_3:12
39 what is in heaven, will ye believe? And no man hath ascended up into heaven, except him that descended from heaven, the Son of man, which is in heaven. Joh_3:13
40 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so is the Son of man to be Joh_3:14
41 lifted up; so that every man who may believe in him may not perish, but have Joh_3:15
42 eternal life. God so loved the world, that8 he should give his only Son; and so every one that believeth on him should not perish, but should have eternal life. Joh_3:16
43 God sent not his Son into the world to judge the world; but that the world might Joh_3:17
44 be saved by his hand. He that believeth in him shall not be judged: but he that believeth not is condemned beforehand, because he hath not believed in the name Joh_3:18
45 of the only Son, the Son of God.9 This is the judgement, that the light came into the world, and men loved the darkness more than the light; because their deeds Joh_3:19
46 were evil. Whosoever doeth evil deeds hateth the light, and cometh not to the Joh_3:20
47 light, lest his deeds be reproved. But he that doeth the truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be known, that they have been done in God. Joh_3:21
1 Or, if.
2 Lit. house of the offering of God, as in the ms. described by Gildemeister at Luk_21:4; but it is simply a reproduction of the phrase used in the Peshitta at Luk_21:3. The parallel passages are a good deal fused together.
3 Lit. between him and himself.
4 Or, gains.
5 Lit. one Syriac.
6 Lit. and it.
7 Or, the teacher of.
8 The Arabic particle means in order that. Perhaps it is a clerical error for so that; or it may be meant to represent the Syriac.
9 The translator has followed too closely the order of words In his Syriac original, which agrees with the Text. Rec.
1 Arabic p. 125 And when evening came, Jesus went forth outside of the city, he and his Mar_11:19
2 disciples. And as they passed in the morning, the disciples saw that fig tree Mar_11:20
3 withered away from its root. And they passed by, and said, How did the fig tree dry Mat_21:20
4 up immediately? And Simon remembered, and said unto him, My Master, behold, Mar_11:21
5 that fig tree which thou didst curse hath dried up. And Jesus answered and said Mar_11:22
6 unto them, Let there be in you the faith of God. Verily I say unto you, if ye believe, and doubt not in your hearts, and assure yourselves that that will be which Mar_11:23
7 ye say, ye shall have what ye say. And if ye say to this mountain, Remove, and Mat_21:21
8 fall1 into the sea, it shall be. And all that ye ask God in prayer, and believe, he Mat_21:22
9, 10 will give you. And the apostles2 said unto our Lord, Increase our3 faith. He said unto them, If there be in you faith like a grain of mustard, ye shall say to this fig tree, Be thou torn up, and be thou planted in the sea; and it will obey you. Luk_17:5 Luk_17:6
11 Who of you hath a servant driving a yoke of oxen or tending sheep, and if he Luk_17:7
12 come from the field, will say unto him straightway, Go and sit down? Nay,4 he will say unto him, Make ready for me wherewith I may sup, and gird thy waist, and serve me, till I eat and drink; and afterwards thou shalt eat and drink also. Luk_17:8
13 Doth that servant haply, who did what he was bid, receive his praise? I think Luk_17:9
14 not. So ye also, when ye have done all that ye were bid, say, We are idle servants; what it was our duty to do, we have done. Luk_17:10
15 For this reason I say unto you, Whatever ye pray and ask, believe that ye Mar_11:24
16 Arabic p. 126 receive, and ye shall have. And when ye stand to pray, forgive what is in your heart against any man; and your Father which is in heaven will Mar_11:25
17 forgive you also your wrong-doings. But if ye forgive not men their wrong-doings, neither will your Father forgive you also your wrong-doings. Mar_11:26
18 And he spake unto them a parable also, that they should pray at all times, and Luk_18:1
19 not be slothful: There was a judge in a city, who feared not God, nor was ashamed Luk_18:2
20 for men: and there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, and said, Luk_18:3
21 Avenge me of mine adversary. And he would not for a long time: but afterwards he said within himself, If of God I have no fear, and before men I have no shame; Luk_18:4
22 yet because this widow vexeth me, I will avenge her, that she come not at all times Luk_18:5
23, 24 and annoy me. And our Lord said, Hear ye what the judge of injustice said. And shall not God still more do vengeance for his elect, who call upon him in the night Luk_18:6 Luk_18:7
25 and in the day, and grant them respite? I say unto you, He will do vengeance for them speedily. Thinkest thou the Son of man will come and find faith on the earth? Luk_18:8
26, 27 And they came again to Jerusalem. And it came to pass, on one of the days, as Jesus was walking in the temple, and teaching the people, and preaching the Mar_11:15 Luk_20:1
28 gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes with the elders came upon him, and said unto him, Tell us: By what power doest thou this? and who gave thee this Luk_20:2 Mar_11:28
29 power to do that? And Jesus said unto them, I also will ask you one word, and if Mar_11:29 Mat_21:24
30 ye tell me, I also shall tell you by what power I do that. The baptism of John, from Mat_21:25
31 Arabic p. 127 what place is it? from heaven or of men? Tell me. And they reflected within them- selves, and said, If we shall say unto him, From heaven; he will say unto Mar_11:30 Mat_21:25
32 us, For what reason did ye not believe him? But5 if we shall say, Of men; Mat_21:26
33 we fear6 that the people will stone us, all of them. And all of them were holding7 Luk_20:6 Mar_11:32
34 to John, that he was a true prophet. They answered and said unto him, We know Mar_11:33
35 not. Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you also by what power I work. What think ye? A man had two sons; and he went to the first, and said unto him, My Mat_21:28
36 son, go to-day, and till in the vineyard. And he answered and said, I do not wish Mat_21:29
37 to: but finally he repented, and went. And he went to the other, and said unto Mat_21:30
38 him likewise. And he answered and said, Yea, my lord: and went not. Which of these two did the will of his father? They said unto him, The first. Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, The publicans and harlots go before you into Mat_21:31
39 the kingdom of God. John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not; but the publicans and harlots believed him; and ye, not even when ye saw, did ye repent at last, that ye might believe in him. Mat_21:32
40 Hear another parable: A man was a householder, and planted a vineyard, and surrounded it with a hedge, and digged in it a winepress, and built in it a tower, Mat_21:33
41, 42 and gave it to husbandmen, and went to a distance for a long time. So when the time of the fruits came, he sent his servants8 unto the husbandmen, that they might Luk_20:9 Mat_21:34
43 send him of the produce9 of his vineyard. And those husbandmen beat him, and Mar_12:3
44 sent him away empty. And he sent unto them another servant also; and they Mar_12:4
45 stoned him, and wounded10 him, and sent him away with shameful handling. And he sent again another; and they slew him. And he sent many other servants unto Mar_12:5
46 them. And the husbandmen took his servants, and one they beat, and another they Mat_21:35
47 stoned, and another they slew. So he sent again other servants more than the first; and Mat_21:36
48 Arabic p. 128 they did likewise with them. So the owner of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will see him and be Luk_20:13
49, 50 ashamed. So at last he sent unto them his beloved son that he had. But the husbandmen, when they saw the son, said amongst themselves, This is the heir. Mar_12:6 Mat_21:38
51, 52 And they said, We will slay him, and so the inheritance will be ours. So they took Luk_20:14 Mat_21:39
53 him, and put him forth without the vineyard, and slew him. When then the lord Mat_21:40
54 of the vineyard shall come, what will he do with those husbandmen? They said unto him, He will destroy them in the worst of ways,11 and give the vineyard to Mat_21:41
55 other husbandmen, who will give him fruit in its season. Jesus said unto them, Have ye never read in the scripture, The stone which the builders declared to be base, The same came to be at the head of the corner: Mat_21:42 Luk_20:17
56 From God was this, And it is wonderful in our eyes? Mat_21:42
57 Therefore I say unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and Mat_21:43
58 given to a people that will produce fruit. And whosoever falleth on this stone shall be broken in pieces: but on whomsoever it falleth, it will grind him to Mat_21:44
59 powder. And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they Mat_21:45
60 perceived that it was concerning them he spake. And they sought to seize him; and they feared the multitude, because they were holding to him as the prophet. Mat_21:46
2 The Syriac word.
3 Lit. Increase us in.
4 Or But.
5 Mat_21:26 begins here in the Greek.
6 From Mark.
7 cf. Syriac.
8 The difference between singular and plural is very slight in Arabic.
9 Lit. property.
10 A word used specially of wounding the head.
11 cf. Syriac versions.
1 Then went the Pharisees and considered how they might ensnare him in a word, Mat_22:15
2 Arabic p. 129 and deliver him into the power of the judge,1 and into the power of the ruler. And they sent unto him their disciples, with the kinsfolk of Herod; and they said unto him, Teacher, we know that thou speakest the truth, and teachest the way of God with equity,2 and art not lifted up3 by any man: for thou actest not so as to Luk_20:20 Mat_22:16
3 be seen of any man. Tell us now, What is thy opinion? Is it lawful that we should Mat_22:17
4 pay the tribute to Caesar, or not? shall we give, or shall we not give? But Jesus knew Mar_12:15
5 their deceit, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? Shew me the Mat_22:18 Mat_22:19
6 penny of the tribute. So they brought unto him a penny. Jesus said unto them, To whom belongeth this image and inscription? They said unto him, To Caesar. Mat_22:20
7,8 He said unto them, Give what is Caesar’s to Caesar, and what is God’s to God. And they could not make him slip in a single word before the people; and they marvelled at his word, and refrained. Mat_22:21 Luk_20:26
9 And on that day came the Sadducees, and said unto him,4 There is no life for Mat_22:23
10 the dead. And they asked him, and said unto him, Teacher, Moses said unto us, If a man die, not having children, let his brother take his wife, and raise up seed Mat_22:24
11 for his brother. Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first took a wife, Mat_22:25 Luk_20:29
12 and died without children; and the second took his wife, and died without children; Luk_20:30
13 and the third also took her; and in like manner the seven of them also, and they Luk_20:31
14, 15 died without leaving children. And last of them all the woman died also. At the resurrection, then, which of these seven shall have this woman? for all of them took Mat_22:27 Mat_22:28
16 her. Jesus answered and said unto them, Is it not for this that ye have erred, Mat_22:29 Mar_12:24
17 because ye know not the scriptures, nor the power of God? And the sons of this Luk_20:34
18 world take wives, and the women become the men’s;5 but those that have become worthy of that world, and the resurrection from among the dead, do6 not take Luk_20:35
19 Arabic p. 130 wives, and the women also do7 not become the men’s. Nor is it possible that they should die; but they8 are like the angels, and are the children of Luk_20:36
20 God, because they have become the children of the resurrection. For in9 the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read in the book of Moses, how from the bush God said unto him, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? Mat_22:30 Mar_12:26
21 And God is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all of them are alive with him. And ye have erred greatly. Luk_20:38 Mar_12:27
22, 23 And when the multitudes heard, they were wondering at his teaching. And Mat_22:33 Luk_20:39
24 some of the scribes answered and said unto him, Teacher, thou hast well said. But the rest of the Pharisees, when they saw his silencing the Sadducees on this point, gathered against him to contend with him. Mat_22:34
25 And one of the scribes, of those that knew the law, when he saw the excellence Mat_22:35 Mar_12:28
26 of his answer to them, desired to try him, and said unto him, What shall I do to inherit eternal life? and, Which of the commandments is greater, and has precedence Luk_10:25 Mar_12:28
27 in the law? Jesus said unto him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Mar_12:29
28 Israel; The Lord our God, the Lord is one: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy thought, and with all thy Mar_12:30 Mat_22:37 10
29, 30 strength. This is the great and preëminent11 commandment. And the second, which is like it, is, Thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself. And another commandment Mat_22:38 Mar_12:31
31 greater than these two there is not. On these two commandments, then, are hung the Mat_22:40
32 Arabic p. 131 law and the prophets. That scribe said unto him, Excellent! my Master;12 thou hast said truly that he is one, and there is no other outside of him: Mar_12:32
33 and that a man should love him with all his heart, and with all his thought, and with all his soul, and with all his strength, and that he should love his neighbour as Mar_12:33
34 himself, is better than all savours and sacrifices. And Jesus saw him that he had answered wisely; and he answered and said unto him, Thou art not far from the Mar_12:34
35, 36 kingdom of God. Thou hast: spoken rightly: do this, and thou shalt live. And he, as his desire was to justify himself, said unto him, And who is my neighbour? Luk_10:28 Luk_10:29
37 Jesus said unto him, A man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho; and the robbers fell upon him, and stripped13 him, and beat him, his life remaining in him but little,14 Luk_10:30
38 and went away. And it happened that there came down a certain priest that way; Luk_10:31
39 and he saw him, and passed by. And likewise a Levite also came and reached Luk_10:32
40 that place, and saw him, and passed by. And a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, Luk_10:33
41 came to15 the place where he was, and saw him, and had compassion on him, and came near, and bound up his strokes,16 and poured on them wine and oil; and he set17 him on the ass, and brought him to the inn, and expended his care upon him. Luk_10:34
42 And on the morrow of that day he took out two pence, and gave them to the innkeeper, and said unto him, Care for him; and if thou spendest upon him more, Luk_10:35
43 when I return, I shall give thee. Who of these three now, thinkest thou, is nearest Luk_10:36
44 to him that fell among the robbers? And he said unto him, He that had compas- Luk_10:37
45 Arabic p. 132 sion on him. Jesus said unto him, Go, and do thou also likewise. And no man dared afterwards to ask him anything. Mar_12:34
46 And he was teaching every day in the temple. But the chief priests and scribes and the eiders of the people sought to destroy him: and they could18 not find what Luk_19:47 Luk_19:48
47 they should do with him; and all the people were hanging upon him to hear him.
48 And many of the multitude believed on him, and said, The Messiah, when he Joh_7:31
49 cometh, can it be that he will do more than these signs that this man doeth? And the Pharisees heard the multitudes say that of him; and the chief priests sent Joh_7:32
50 officers19 to seize him. And Jesus said unto them, I am with you but a short time Joh_7:33
51 yet, and I go to him that sent me. And ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: Joh_7:34
52 and where I shall be, ye shall not be able to come. The Jews said within themselves, Whither hath this man determined to go that we shall not be able20 to find him? can it be that he is determined to go to the regions of the nations,21 and teach Joh_7:35
53 the heathen? What is this word that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, ye cannot come? Joh_7:36
1 Vatican ms. omits the power. We should then translate with Pesh. and Sin. unto judgement.
2 See note, Section 3, 5311.
3 Possibly this is the meaning of the Arabic phrase, which occurs also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text.
4 cf. the Syriac versions.
5 cf. the Syriac versions.
6 Or, shall.
7 Or, shall.
8 Borg, ms., all of them instead of but they.
9 Or, Moreover, regarding.
10 Rather, Mar_12:30.
11 This simply represents first in Syriac.
12 Vatican ms. has a corruption of Excellent! Rabbi better preserved by Borgian ms., which, however, adds our translator’s ordinary rendering of Rabbi — my Master. This explanation is confirmed by Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. Ciasca’s emended text cannot be right.
13 The diacritical point over the third radical must be removed.
14 cf. Peshitta.
15 Ciasca’s Arabic text apparently following Borgian ms. has till he before came. This is unsupported by any of the three Syriac texts, although they differ from one another. Perhaps till and came should be transposed. The translation would then be as given in the text above, but this rendering may also be obtained according to Section 54, 11.
16 The Syriac word used means both wounds and strokes.
17 The Arabic word is a favourite of the translator’s, and may therefore be original. One cannot help thinking, however, that it is a clerical error for mounted cf. Cur. and Sin..
18 In Syriac could and found are represented by the same word. The Arabic translator has chosen the wrong one.
19 See note, Section 11, 112.
20 See note above, on Section 34, 4618.
21 i.e., Gentiles.
1 And on the great day, which is the last of the feast, Jesus stood, crying out and Joh_7:37
2 saying, If any man is thirsty, let him come unto me, and drink. Every one that believeth in me, as the scriptures said, there shall flow from his belly rivers of pure Joh_7:38
3 water. He said that referring to the Spirit, which those who believed in him were to receive: for the Spirit was not yet granted; and because Jesus had not yet been Joh_7:39
4 Arabic p. 133 glorified. And many of the multitude that heard his words said, This is Joh_7:40
5 in truth the prophet. And others said, This is the Messiah. But others Joh_7:41
6 said, Can it be that the Messiah will come from Galilee? Hath not the scripture said that from the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village of David, the Joh_7:42
7 Messiah cometh? And there occurred a dissension in the multitude because of him. Joh_7:43
8 And some of them were wishing to seize him; but no man laid a hand upon him. Joh_7:44
9 And those officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees: and the priests said Joh_7:45
10 unto them, Why did ye not bring him? The officers said, Never spake man thus Joh_7:46
11 as speaketh this man. The Pharisees said unto them, Perhaps ye also have gone Joh_7:47
12, 13 astray? Hath any of the rulers or the Pharisees haply believed in him? except Joh_7:48 Joh_7:49
14 this people which knows not the law; they are accursed. Nicodemus, one of them, Joh_7:50
15 he that had come to Jesus by night, said unto them, Doth our law haply condemn Joh_7:51
16 a man, except it hear him first and know what he hath done? They answered and said unto him, Art thou also haply from Galilee? Search, and see that a prophet riseth not from Galilee. Joh_7:52
17, 18 And when the Pharisees assembled, Jesus asked them, and said, What say ye of Mat_22:41 Mat_22:42
19 the Messiah? whose son is he? They said unto him, The son of David. He said unto them, And how doth David in the Holy Spirit call him Lord? for he said, Mat_22:43
20 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit on my right hand, That I may put thine enemies under thy feet. Mat_22:44
21, 22 If then David calleth him Lord, how is he his son? And no one was able to answer him; and no man dared from that day again to ask him of anything. Mat_22:45 Mat_22:46
23 And Jesus addressed them again, and said, I am the light of the world; and he that Joh_8:12
24 Arabic p. 134 followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall find the light of life. The Pharisees said unto him, Thou bearest witness to thyself; thy witness is not true. Jesus Joh_8:13
25 answered and said unto them, If I bear witness to myself, my witness is true; for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye know not whence I came, or Joh_8:14
26, 27 whither I go. And ye judge after the flesh; and I judge no man. And even if I judge, my judgement is true; because I am not alone, but I and my Father which Joh_8:15 Joh_8:16
28, 29 sent me. And in your law it is written, that the witness of two men is true. I am he that beareth witness to myself, and my Father which sent me beareth witness to Joh_8:17 Joh_8:18
30 me. They said unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye know not me, nor my Father: for did ye know me, ye would know my Joh_8:19
31 Father. He said these sayings in the treasury, where he was teaching in the Joh_8:20
32 temple: and no man seized him; because his hour had not yet come. Jesus said unto them again, I go truly, and ye shall seek me and not find me, and ye shall die Joh_8:21
33 in your sins: and where I go, ye cannot come. The Jews said, Will he haply kill Joh_8:22
34 himself, that he saith, Where I go, ye cannot come? He said unto them, Ye are from below; and I am from above: ye are of this world; and I am not of this Joh_8:23
35 world. I said unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: if ye believe not that I am Joh_8:24
36 he, ye shall die in your sins. The Jews said, And thou, who art thou? Jesus said Joh_8:25
37 unto them, If I should begin to speak unto you, I have concerning you many words and judgement: but he that sent me is true; and I, what I heard from him is what Joh_8:26
38, 39 Arabic p. 135 I say in the world. And they knew not that he meant by that the Father. Jesus said unto them again, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then ye shall know that I am he: and I do nothing of myself, but as my Father Joh_8:27 Joh_8:28
40 taught me, so I speak. And he that sent me is with me; and my Father hath not Joh_8:29
41 left me alone; because I do what is pleasing to him at all times. And while he was saying that, many believed in him. Joh_8:30
42 And Jesus said to those Jews that believed in him, If ye abide in my words, truly Joh_8:31
43 ye are my disciples: and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. Joh_8:32
44 They said unto him, We are the seed of Abraham, and have never served any man Joh_8:33
45 in the way of slavery: how then sayest thou, Ye shall be free children? Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Every one that doeth a sin is a slave of Joh_8:34
46 sin. And the slave doth not remain for ever in the house; but the son remaineth Joh_8:35
47, 48 for ever. And if the Son set you free, truly ye shall be free children. I know that ye are the seed of Abraham; but ye seek to slay me, because ye are unable for my Joh_8:36 Joh_8:37
49 word. And what I saw with my Father, I say: and what ye saw with your father, Joh_8:38
50 ye do. They answered and said unto him, Our father is Abraham. Jesus said unto them, If ye were the children of Abraham, ye would do the deeds of Abraham. Joh_8:39
51 Now, behold, ye seek to kill me, a man that speak1 with you2 the truth, that I Joh_8:40
52 heard from God: this did Abraham not do. And ye do the deeds of your father. They said unto him, We were not born of fornication;3 we have one Father, who is Joh_8:41
53 God. Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: I proceeded and came4 from God; and it was not of my own self that I came,4 but he sent Joh_8:42
54 Arabic p. 136 me. Why then do ye not know my word? Because ye cannot hear my word. Joh_8:43
55 Ye are from the father, the devil,5 and the lust of your father do ye desire to do, who from the beginning is a slayer of men, and in the truth standeth not, because the truth is not in him. And when he speaketh untruth, he speaketh from Joh_8:44
56 himself: for he is a liar, and the father of untruth. And I who speak the truth, ye Joh_8:45
57 believe me not. Who of you rebuketh me for a sin? And if I speak the truth, ye Joh_8:46
58 do not believe me.6 Whosoever is of God heareth the words of God: therefore do Joh_8:47
59 ye not hear, because ye are not of God. The Jews answered and said unto him, Joh_8:48
60 Did we not say well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast demons? Jesus said unto them, As for me, I have not a devil; but my Father do I honour, and ye dishonour Joh_8:49
61 me. I seek not my glory: here is one who seeketh and judgeth. Joh_8:50
1 Lit. speaketh, according to Arabic idiom.
2 Borgian ms. omits with you.
3 Borgian ms. has adulteress, mistaking the less common Arabic word for a clerical error.
4 Different words are used in the Arabic, so in the Greek, but not in the Peshitta. Sin. and Cur. are wanting.
5 Lit. backbiter.
6 This is probably simply a clerical error for the ordinary reading, why have ye not believed me? The Arabic words why and not having the same consonants, one of them was purposely or accidentally omitted by a copyist.