The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)
1 And the Pharisees went out, and consulted together concerning him, that they Mat_12:14
2 might destroy him. And Jesus perceived, and removed thence: and great multitudes Mat_12:15
3 followed him; and he healed all of them: and he forbade them that they should Mat_12:16
4 not make him known:1 that the saying in Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which said, Mat_12:17
5 Behold, my servant2 with whom I am pleased; My beloved in whom my soul hath delighted:3 My spirit have I put upon him, And he shall proclaim to the nations judgement. Mat_12:18
6 He shall not dispute, nor cry out; And no man shall hear his voice in the marketplace. Mat_12:19
7 And a bruised reed shall he not break, And a smoking lamp4 shall he not extinguish, Until he shall bring forth judgement unto victory. Mat_12:20
8 And the nations shall rejoice in his name.5 Mat_12:21
9 And in those days Jesus went out to the mountain that he might pray, and he Luk_6:12
10 spent the night6 there in prayer to God. And when the morning was come, he called the disciples. And he went towards the sea: and there followed him much people Luk_6:13 Mar_3:7
11 from Galilee that he might pray,7 and from Judaea, and from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and from beyond Jordan, and from Tyre, and from Sidon, and from De- Mar_3:8
12 capolis; and great multitudes came unto him, which had heard what he did. And he spake to his disciples to bring him the boat because of the multitudes, that they Mar_3:9
13 Arabic p. 31 might not throng him. And he healed many, so that they were almost falling on him8 on account of their seeking to get near him. And9 those that had Mar_3:10
14 plagues and unclean spirits, as soon as they beheld him, would fall, and Mar_3:11
15 cry out, and say, Thou art the Son of God. And he rebuked them much, that they Mar_3:12
16 should not make him known. And those that were under the constraint of10 un- Luk_6:18
17 clean spirits were healed. And all of the crowd were seeking to come near11 him; because power went out from him, and he healed them all. Luk_6:19
18, 19 And when Jesus saw the multitudes, he went up to the mountain. And he called his disciples, and chose from them twelve; and they are those whom he named Mat_5:1 Luk_6:13
20 apostles: Simon, whom he named Cephas, and Andrew his brother, and James and Luk_6:14
21 John, and Philip and Bartholomew, and Matthew and Thomas, and James the son Luk_6:15
22 of Alphaeus, and Simon which was called the Zealot, and Judas the son of James, Luk_6:16
23 and Judas the Iscariot, being he that had betrayed him.12 And Jesus went down with them and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and the great Luk_6:17
24 multitude of people. And these twelve he chose to be with him, and that he might Mar_3:14
25 send them to preach, and to have power to heal the sick and to cast out devils. Luk_6:20 Mat_5:2
26 Then he lifted up his eyes unto them, and opened his mouth, and taught them, and said, Mat_5:3
27 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for the kingdom of heaven is theirs. Mat_5:4
28 Blessed are the sorrowful: for they shall be comforted. Mat_5:5
29 Blessed are the humble: for they shall inherit the earth. Mat_5:6
30 Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be satisfied. Mat_5:7
31 Blessed are the merciful: for on them shall be mercy. Mat_5:8
32 Arabic p. 32 Blessed are the pure in their hearts: for they shall see God. Mat_5:9
33 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the sons of God. Mat_5:10
34 Blessed are they that were persecuted13 for righteousness’ sake: for the kingdom of heaven is theirs. Luk_6:22
35 Blessed are ye when men shall hate you, and separate you from them, and persecute you, and reproach you, and shall speak against you with all evil talk, for my Mat_5:11
36 sake, falsely. Then rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets before you. Mat_5:12
37 But woe unto you rich! for ye hive received your consolation. Luk_6:24
38 Woe unto you that are satisfied! ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! ye shall weep and be sad. Luk_6:25
39 Woe unto you when men praise you! for so did their fathers use to do to the false prophets. Luk_5:26
40 Unto you do I say, ye which hear, Ye are the salt of the earth: if then the salt become tasteless, wherewith shall it be salted? For any purpose it is of no use, but Luk_6:27 Mat_5:13
41 is thrown outside, and men tread upon it. Ye are the light of the world. It is Mat_5:14
42 impossible that a city built on a mountain should be hid. Neither do they light a lamp and place it under a bushel, but on the lamp-stand, and it giveth light to all Mat_5:15
43 who are in the house. So shall14 your light shine before men, that they may see Mat_5:16
44 your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. There is nothing Mar_4:22
45 secret that shall not be revealed, or hidden that shall not be known. Whoever hath ears that hear, let him hear. Mar_4:23
46 Think not that I came to destroy the law or the prophets; I came not to destroy, Mat_5:17
47 Arabic p. 33 but to complete. Verily I say unto you, Until heaven and earth shall pass, there shall not pass one point or one letter of the law, until all of it shall be Mat_5:18
48 accomplished. Every one who shall violate now one of these small commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called lacking in the kingdom of heaven: every one that shall do and teach shall15 be called great in the kingdom Mat_5:19
49 of heaven. I say unto you now, unless your righteousness abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall not enter the kingdom of heaven. Mat_5:20
50 Ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, Do not kill; and every one that Mat_5:21
51 killeth is worthy of the judgement. But I say unto you that every one who is angry with his brother without a cause is worthy of the judgement; and every one that saith to his brother, Thou foul one, is condemned16 by the synagogue; and whoso- Mat_5:22
52 ever saith to him, Thou fool, is worthy of the fire of Gehenna. If thou art now offering thy gift at the altar, and rememberest there that thy brother hath conceived Mat_5:23
53 against thee any grudge, leave thy gift at the altar, and go first and satisfy thy Mat_5:24
54 brother, and then return and offer thy gift. Join17 thine adversary quickly, and while thou art still with him in the way, give a ransom and free thyself from him; Mat_5:25 Luk_12:58
55 test thine adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the tax- Mat_5:25
56 collector, and thou fall into prison. And verily I say unto thee, Thou shall not go out thence until thou payest the last farthing. Mat_5:26
57, 58 Ye have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery: but I now say unto you, that every one that looketh at a woman lusting after her hath forthwith already Mat_5:27 Mat_5:28
59 Arabic p. 34 committed adultery with her in his heart. If thy right eye injure thee, put it out and cast it from thee; for it is preferable for thee that one of thy Mat_5:29
60 members should perish, and not thy whole body go into the fire of hell. And if thy right hand injure thee, cut it off and cast it from thee; and it is better for thee that Mat_5:30
61 one of thy members should perish, and not thy whole body fall into Gehenna. It was said that he that putteth away his wife should give her a writing of divorcement: Mat_5:31
62 but I say unto you, that every one that putteth away his wife, except for the cause of adultery, hath made it lawful for18 her to commit adultery: and whosoever taketh one that is put away committeth adultery. Mat_5:32
1 Lit. lead to him.
2 The Arabic word strictly means young man.
3 Or, rested.
4 Or, wick.
5 The Arab. might also mean, And he shall preach the good tidings to the peoples in his name cf. Section 22, 4712.
6 This phrase, in this case adopted from the Syriac, really means, in Arab., morning found him.
7 It must be remembered that we have here only one ms. The Arabic words for Galilee and for mountain are very similar. The words that he might pray have therefore probably made their way here by some error from Section 8, 9, above.
8 So with the Peshitta by transposing two letters. The Arabic text as it stands can hardly be translated. Almost may be simply a corruption of the Arabic word were.
9 The syntax of the Arabic is ambiguous. The alternative followed above, which seems the most natural, is that which agrees most nearly with the Peshitta.
10 Or, troubled with.
11 This is the meaning of the Arabic word, as it is the primary meaning of the Syria; but in this work a number of words meaning approach are used and generally translated in the sense of touch. The commonest word so used is that in Section 12, 13 cf. also Section 12, 35.
12 So Vatican ms., followed by Ciasca cf. Sin.. Borgian ms. has he that was betraying or was a traitor cf. Peshitta.
13 This word, the ordinary meaning of which is expel, is freely used by our translator in the sense of persecute.
14 Or, let cf. Section 4, 207.
15 Lit. this man shall.
16 See Section 10, 133.
17 The text is rather uncertain.
18 The text is probably corrupt. Vat. ms. has on margin, i.e., caused her.
1 Ye have heard also that it was said unto the ancients, Lie not, but perform unto Mat_5:33
2 God in thy oaths: but I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven, for it Mat_5:34
3 is God’s throne; nor by the earth, for it is a footstool under his feet; nor yet by Mat_5:35
4 Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great1 King. Neither shalt thou swear by thy Mat_5:36
5 head, for thou canst not make in it one lock of hair black or white. But your word shall be either Yea or Nay, and what is in excess of this is of the evil one. Mat_5:37
6, 7 Ye have heard that it was said, Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth: but I say unto you, Stand not in opposition to the evil;2 but whosoever smiteth thee on thy right Mat_5:38 Mat_5:39
8 cheek,3 turn to him also the other. And he that would sue thee, and take thy tunic, Mat_5:40
9 leave to him also thy wrapper. And whosoever compelleth thee one mite, go with Mat_5:41
10 Arabic p. 35 him twain. And he that asketh thee, give unto him: and he that would borrow of thee, prevent him not. And prosecute4 not him that taketh thy Mat_5:42 Luk_6:30
11 substance. And as ye desire that men should do to you, so do ye also to them. Luk_6:31
12, 13 Ye have heard that it was said, Love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy: but I say unto you, Love your enemies, and pray for those that curse you, and deal well with those that hate you, and pray for those who take you with violence and per- Mat_5:43 Mat_5:44
14 secute you; that ye may be sons of your heavenly Father, who maketh his sun to rise on the good and the evil, and sendeth down his rain on the righteous and the Mat_5:45
15 unrighteous. If ye love them that love you, what reward shall ye have? for the pub- Mat_5:46 Luk_6:32
16 licans and sinners also love those that love them. And if ye do a kindness to those Luk_6:33
17 who treat you well, where is your superiority? for sinners also do likewise. And if ye lend to him of whom ye hope for a reward,5 where is your superiority? for the Luk_6:34
18 sinners also lend to sinners, seeking recompense from6 them. But love your enemies, and do good to them, and lend, and cut not off the hope of any man; that your reward may be great, and ye may be the children of the Highest: for he is lenient Luk_6:35
19 towards the wicked and the ungrateful. Be ye merciful, even as your Father also is Luk_6:36
20 merciful. And if ye inquire for the good of your brethren only, what more have Mat_5:47
21 ye done than others? is not this the conduct of the publicans also? Be ye now7 perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. Mat_5:48
22 Consider your alms; do them not before men to let them see you: and if it be not Mat_6:1
23 Arabic p. 36 so,8 ye have no reward before your Father which is in the heavens. When then thou givest an alms now, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as do the people of hypocrisy, in the synagogues and the marketplaces, that men may praise them. And Mat_6:2
24 verily say I unto you, They have received their reward. But thou, when Mat_6:3
25 thou doest alms, let thy left hand not know what thy right hand doeth; that thine alms may be concealed: and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. Mat_6:4
26 And whenever thou prayest, be not as the hypocrites, who love to stand in the synagogues and in the corners of the marketplaces for prayers, that men may be- Mat_6:5
27 hold them. And verily say I unto you, They have received their reward. But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and fasten thy door, and pray to thy Father in secret, and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. Mat_6:6
28 And whenever ye pray, be not babblers, as the heathen; for they think that by the Mat_6:7
29 abundance of their words they shall be heard. Then be not ye now like unto them: Mat_6:8
30 for your Father knoweth your request before ye ask him. One of his disciples said Luk_11:1
31 unto him, Our Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples. Jesus said unto Luk_11:2
32 them, Thus now pray ye now:9 Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Mat_6:9
33, 34 name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done,10 as in heaven, so on earth. Give us the Mat_6:10 Mat_6:11
35 food of to-day. And forgive, us our trespasses, as we forgave those that trespassed Mat_6:12
36 against us. And bring us not into temptations, but deliver us from the evil one. For Mat_6:13
37 Arabic p. 37 thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever and ever.11 If ye forgive men their wrong-doing,12 your Father which is in heaven will forgive you. Mat_6:14
38 But if ye forgive not men, neither will your Father pardon your wrong-doing. Mat_6:15
39 When ye fast, do not frown, as the hypocrites; for they make their faces austere, that they may be seen of13 men that they are fasting. Verily I say unto you, They Mat_6:16
40 have received their reward. But when thou fastest, wash thy face and anoint thy Mat_6:17
41 head; that thou make not an appearance to men of fasting, but to thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee. Mat_6:18
42 Be not agitated, little flock; for your Father hath delighted to give you the king- Luk_12:32
43 dom. Sell your possessions, and give in alms; take to yourselves purses that wax Luk_12:33
44 not old. Lay not up treasure on earth, where moth and worm corrupt, and where Mat_6:19
45 thieves break through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasure in heaven, where Mat_6:20
46 moth and worm do not corrupt, nor thieves break through nor steal: for where your Mat_6:21
47 treasure is, there also will your heart be. The lamp of the body is the eye: if then14 Mat_6:22
48 thine eye now be sound, thy whole body also shall be light. But if thine eye be evil, all thy body shall be dark. And if the light which is in thee is darkness, how Mat_6:23
49 great is15 thy darkness! Be watchful that the light which is in thee be not darkness. Luk_11:35
50 Because that, if thy whole body is light, and have no part dark, it shall all be light, as the lamp giveth light to thee with its flame. Luk_11:36
1 The adj. is in the superlative.
2 A literal reproduction of the Greek, like that in Syr.. versions.
3 Lit. jaw.
4 Or, punish.
5 Or, return.
6 Or, to be given back as much by.
7 Our translator is continually using this word cf. Section 9, 23 where the context and the originals require then or therefore. We shall only occasionally reproduce the peculiarity.
8 A clumsy phrase.
9 The Arabic text makes Matthew begin here.
10 The text as printed reads, That thy will may be done; but it is to be explained as a very common grammatical transcriptional error. The Cur., however, has and.
11 Lit. unto the age of the ages.
12 Or, folly; and so in following verse.
13 Or, shew to.
14 Or, for if
15 Or, will be.
1 Arabic p. 38 No man can serve two masters; and that because it is necessary that he hate one of them and love the other, and honour one of them and despise the Mat_6:24
2 other. Ye cannot serve God and possessions. And because of this I say unto you, Be not anxious for yourselves,1 what ye shall eat and what ye shall drink; neither for your bodies, what ye shall put on. Is not the life better than the food, and the body Mat_6:25
3 than the raiment? Consider the birds of the heaven, which sow not, nor reap, nor store in barns; and yet your Father which is in heaven feedeth them. Are not ye Mat_6:26
4 better than they? Who of you when he trieth is able to add to his stature one Mat_6:27
5 cubit? If then ye are not able for a small thing, why are ye anxious about the Luk_12:26
6, 7 rest? Consider the wild lily, how it grows, although it toils not, nor spins; and I say unto you that Solomon in the greatness of his glory was not clothed like one of Mat_6:28 Mat_6:29
8 them. And if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow Mat_6:30
9 is cast2 into the oven, how much more shall be unto you, O ye of little faith! Be not anxious, so as to say, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, With Mat_6:31
10 what shall we be clothed? Neither let your minds be perplexed in this: all these things the nations of the world seek; and your Father which is in heaven knoweth Luk_12:29 Mat_6:32
11 your need of all these things. Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteous- Mat_6:33
12 Arabic p. 39 ness; and all these shall come to you as something additional for you. Be not anxious for the morrow; for the morrow shall be anxious for what belongs to it. Sufficient unto the day is its evil. Mat_6:34
13 Judge not, that ye be not judged: condemn3 not, that ye be not condemned: Mat_7:1 Luk_6:37
14 forgive, and it shall be forgiven you: release, and ye shall be released: give, that ye may be given unto; with good measure, abundant, full, they shall thrust4 into your Luk_6:38
15 bosoms. With what measure ye measure it shall be measured to you. See to it what ye hear: with what measure ye measure it shall be measured to you; and ye Mar_4:24
16 shall be given more. I say unto those that hear, He that hath shall be given unto; and he that hath not, that which he regards5 as his shall be taken from him. Mar_4:25
17 And he spake unto them a parable, Can a blind man haply guide a blind man? Luk_6:39
18 shall6 they not both fall into a hollow? A disciple is not better than his master; Luk_6:40
19 every perfect man shall be as his master. Why lookest thou at the mote which is in the eye of thy brother, but considerest not the column that is in thine own eye? Luk_6:41
20 Or how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, I will take out the mote from thine eye; and the column which is in thine eye thou seest not? Thou hypocrite, take out first the column from thine eye; and then shalt thou see to take out the mote from the eye of thy brother. Luk_6:42
21 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast your pearls before the swine, lest they trample them with their feet, and return and wound you. Mat_7:6
22 And he said unto them, Who of you, that hath a friend, goeth to him at mid- Luk_11:5
23 night, and saith unto him, My friend, lend me three loaves; for a friend hath come Luk_11:6
24 Arabic p. 40 to me from a journey, and I have nothing to offer to him: and that friend shall answer him from within, and say unto him, Trouble me not; for the door is shut, and my children are with me in bed, and I cannot rise and give thee? Luk_11:7
25 And verily I say unto you, If he will not give him because of friendship, yet because Luk_11:8
26 of his importunity he will rise and give him what he seeketh. And I also say unto you, Ask, and ye shall be given unto; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be Luk_11:9
27 opened unto you. Every one that asketh receiveth, and he that seeketh findeth, and Luk_11:10
28 he that knocketh, it shall be opened to him. What father of you, shall his son ask for bread – will he, think you, give him a stone?7 and if he ask of him a fish, will he, Luk_11:11
29 think you, instead of the fish give him a serpent? and if he ask him for an egg, will Luk_11:12
30 he, think you, extend to him a scorpion? If ye then, although being evil, know the gifts which are good, and give them to your children, how much more shall your Luk_11:23
31 Father which is in heaven give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: this is the law and the prophets. Mat_7:12
32 Enter8 ye by the narrow gate; for the wide gate and the broad way lead to de- Mat_7:13
33 struction, and many they be which go therein. How narrow is the gate and straitened the way leading to life! and few be they that find it. Mat_7:14
34 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s9 clothing, while within Mat_7:15
35 they are ravening wolves. But by their fruits ye shall know them. For every tree is known by its fruit. For figs are not gathered10 of thorns, neither are grapes plucked of Mat_7:16 Luk_6:44
36 briers. Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit, but the evil tree bringeth Mat_7:17
37 Arabic p. 41 forth evil fruit. The good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can the Mat_7:18
38 evil tree bring forth good fruit. The good man from the good treasures that are in his heart bringeth forth good things; and the evil man from the evil treasures that are in his heart bringeth forth evil things: and from the overflowings of the Luk_6:45
39 heart the lips speak. Every tree that beareth not good fruit is cut down and cast Mat_7:19
40, 41 into the fire. Therefore by their fruits ye shall know them. Not all that say unto me, My Lord, my Lord, shall enter the kingdom of the heavens; but he that doeth Mat_7:20 Mat_7:21
42 the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many shall say unto me in that day, My Lord, my Lord, did we not prophesy in thy name, and in thy name cast out Mat_7:22
43 devils, and in thy name do many powers? Then shall I say unto them, I never Mat_7:23
44 knew you: depart from me, ye servants of iniquity. Every man that cometh unto Luk_6:47
45 me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to what he is like: he is like the wise man which built a house, and digged and went deep, and laid the Luk_6:48
46 foundations on a rock: and the rain came down, and the rivers overflowed, and the winds blew, and shook that house, and it fell not: for its foundation was laid on Mat_7:25
47 rocks. And every one that heareth these my words, and doeth them not, is like Mat_7:26
48 the foolish man which built his house on sand, without foundation: and the rain descended, and the rivers overflowed, and the winds blew, and smote upon that house, and it fell: and the fall of it was great. Mat_7:27
1 Or, your souls or, your lives.
2 Lit. falleth cf. Syriac.
3 The word means to contend successfully, but is used throughout by our translator in the sense of condemn.
4 This is the reading adopted by Ciasca in his Latin version. The diacritical points in the Arabic text, as he has printed it perhaps a misprint, give second person plural passive instead of third plural active.
5 cf. Luk_8:18. Our translator uses the same word in Section 50, 5 = Luk_23:8, and in both cases it represents the same word in the Syriac versions.
6 Or, Do.
7 The Arabic might also be rendered, What father of you, whom his son asketh for bread, will think you give him a stone? But as the Peshitta preserves the confused construction of the Greek, it is probably better to render as above.
8 There is nothing about striving. The verb is walaga, which means enter cf. Section 11, 48.
9 Or, lambs’
10 The verbs might be singular active, but not plural as in Syriac versions cf., however, Section 38, 438. In the Borgian ms the nouns are in the accusative.
1 Arabic p. 42 And when Jesus finished these sayings, the multitudes were astonished Mat_7:28
2 at his teaching; and that because he was teaching them as one having authority, not as their scribes and the Pharisees. Mat_7:29
3 And when he descended from the mountain, great multitudes followed him. Mat_8:1
4 And when Jesus entered Capernaum, the servant of one of the chiefs was in an Mat_8:5 Luk_7:2
5 evil case, and he was precious to him, and he was at the point of death. And he Luk_7:3
6 heard of Jesus, and came to him with the elders of the Jews; and he besought him, and said, My Lord, my boy is laid in the house paralysed,1 and he is suffering griev- Mat_8:5 Mat_8:6
7 ous torment. And the elders urgently requested of him, and said, He is worthy that Luk_7:4
8 this should be done unto him: for he loveth our people, and he also built the syna- Luk_7:5
9, 10 gogue for us. Jesus said unto him, I will come and heal him. That chief answered and said, My Lord, I am not worthy that my roof should shade thee; but it sufficeth Mat_8:7 Mat_8:8
11 that thou speak a word, and my lad shall be healed. And I also am a man in obedience to authority, having under my hand soldiers:2 and I say to this one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant that he do this, Luk_7:8
12 and he doeth it. And when Jesus heard that, he marvelled at him,3 and turned and said unto the multitude that were coming with him, Verily I say unto you, I have Luk_7:9 Mat_8:10
13 not found in Israel the like of this faith. I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and the west, and shall recline with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob Mat_8:11
14 Arabic p. 43 in the kingdom of heaven: but the children of the kingdom shall be cast Mat_8:12
15 forth into the outer darkness: and there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. And Jesus said to that chief, Go thy way; as thou hast believed, so shall it be unto thee. Mat_8:13
16 And his lad was healed in that hour. And that chief returned to the house and found that sick servant healed. Luk_7:10
17 And the day after, he was going to a city called Nain, and his disciples with him, Luk_7:11
18 and a great multitude. And when he was come near the gate of the city, he saw a crowd4 accompanying one that was dead, the only son of his mother; and his mother was a widow: and there was with her a great multitude of the people of the Luk_7:12
19 city. And when Jesus saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep Luk_7:13
20 not. And he went and advanced to the bier, and the bearers of it stood still; and Luk_7:14
21 he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. And that dead man sat up and began Luk_7:15
22 to speak; and he gave him to his mother. And fear came on all the people: and they praised God, and said, There hath risen among us a great prophet: and, God Luk_7:16
23 hath had regard to his people. And this news concerning him spread in all Judaea, and in all the region which was about them. Luk_7:17
24 And when Jesus saw great multitudes surrounding him, he commanded them to Mat_8:18
25 depart to the other side. And while they were going in the way, there came one of the scribes and said unto him, My Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou Luk_9:57 Mat_8:19
26 goest. Jesus said unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the heaven have Mat_8:20
27 nests; but the Son of man hath not a place in which to lay his head. And he said unto another, Follow me. And he said unto him, My Lord, suffer me first to go and Luk_9:59
28 bury my father. Jesus said unto him, Leave the dead to bury their dead; but thou, Luk_9:60
29 follow me and preach the kingdom of God. And another said unto him, I will follow thee, my Lord; but first suffer me to go and salute my household and Luk_9:61
30 Arabic p. 44 come. Jesus said unto him, There is no one who putteth his hand to the plough5 and looketh behind him, and yet is fit for the kingdom of God. Luk_9:62
31 And he said to them on that day in the evening, Let us go over to the other side Mar_4:35 Luk_8:22
32 of the lake; and he left6 the multitudes. And Jesus went up and sat in the ship, Mar_4:36 Luk_8:22
33 he and his disciples, and there were with them other ships. And there occurred on the sea a great tempest7 of whirlwind and wind, and the ship was on the point of Mar_4:36 Mat_8:24 Luk_8:23
34 sinking from the greatness8 of the waves. But Jesus was sleeping on a cushion in the stern of the ship; and his disciples came and awoke him, and said unto him, Our Mar_4:38 Mat_8:25
35 Lord, save us; lo, we perish. And he rose, and rebuked the winds and the turbulence of the water, and said to the sea, Be still, for thou art rebuked; and the wind Luk_8:24 Mar_4:39
36 was still, and there was a great calm. And he said unto them, Why are ye thus Mar_4:40
37 afraid? And why have ye no faith? And they feared greatly.9 And they marvelled, and said one to another, Who, think you, is this, who commandeth also the wind and the waves and the sea, and they obey him? Luk_8:25
38 And they departed and came to the country of the Gadarenes, which is on the Luk_8:26
39 other side, opposite the land of Galilee. And when he went out of the ship to the land, there met him from among the tombs a man who had a devil for a long time, Luk_8:27 Mar_5:2 Luk_8:27
40 Arabic p. 45 and wore no clothes, neither dwelt in a house, but among the tombs. And no man was able to bind him with chains, because any time that he was bound with chains Mar_5:3 Mar_5:4
41 and fetters he cut the chains and loosened the fetters; and he was snatched10 Luk_8:29
42 away of the devil into the desert, and no man was able to quiet him; and at all times, in the night and in the day, he would be among the tombs and in the mountains; and no man was able to pass by that way; and he would cry out and wound himself Mar_5:4, Mar_5:5 Mat_8:28 Mar_5:5
43 with stones. And when he saw Jesus at a distance, he hastened and worshipped Mar_5:6
44 him, and cried with a loud voice and said, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, Mar_5:7 Luk_8:28
45 Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, torment me not. And Jesus commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man: and he had suffered11 a long Mar_5:7 Luk_8:29
46 time since the time when he came into captivity to it. And Jesus asked him, What is thy name? He said unto him, Legion; for there had entered into him many Luk_8:30
47 devils. And they besought him that he would not command them to depart into Luk_8:31
48 the depths. And there was there a herd of many swine, feeding in the mountain, and those devils besought him to give them leave to enter the swine; and he gave Luk_8:32
49 them leave. And the devils went out of the man and entered into the swine. And that herd hastened to the summit and fell down into the midst of the sea, about two Luk_8:33 Mar_5:13
50 thousand, and they were choked in the water. And when the keepers saw what Luk_8:34
51 happened, they fled, and told those in the cities and villages. And the people went out to see what had happened; and they came to Jesus, and found the man whose devils had gone out, clothed, modest,12 seated at the feet of Jesus; and they Luk_8:35
52 Arabic p. 46 feared. And they reported what they saw, and how the man was healed who had a devil, and concerning those swine also. Luk_8:36 Mar_5:16
1 i.e. so as to be unable to walk.
2 Or, bodies of soldiers.
3 Or, it.
4 Lit. company
5 Lit. plough of the yoke.
6 cf. e.g., at Section 17, 19, Section 23, 16, where the same Arabic and Syriac word is used; cf. also the ambiguity of the Greek R. V. has left
7 Lit. commotion
8 Or, abundance.
9 The last clause belongs in the Greek to Luk_23:41.
10 Imperfect tense.
11 Lit. and it was for him.
12 cf. Syriac versions.
1 And all the multitude of the Gadarenes entreated him to depart from them, because that great fear took hold upon them. Luk_8:37
2, 3 But Jesus went up into the ship, and crossed, and came to his city. And that man from whom the devils went out entreated that he might stay with him; but Mat_9:1 Luk_8:38
4 Jesus sent him away, and said unto him, Return to thy house, and make known what Luk_8:39
5 God hath done for thee. And he went, and began to publish in Decapolis1 what Jesus had done for him; and they all marvelled. Mar_5:20
6 And when Jesus had crossed in the ship to that side, a great multitude received Mar_5:21 Luk_8:40
7 him; and they were all looking for him. And a man named Jairus, the chief of the Luk_8:41
8 synagogue, fell before the feet of Jesus, and besought him much, and said unto him, I have an only daughter, and she is come nigh unto death; but come and lay thy Mar_5:23 Mat_9:18
9 hand upon her, and she shall live. And Jesus rose, and his disciples, and they fol- Mat_9:19
10 lowed him. And there joined him a great multitude, and they pressed him. Mar_5:24
11, 12 And a woman, which had a flow of blood for twelve years, had suffered much of many physicians, and spent all that she had, and was not benefited at all, but her Mar_5:25 Mar_5:26
13 trouble increased further. And when she heard of Jesus, she came in the thronging of Mar_5:27
14 Arabic p. 47 the crowd behind him, and touched2 his garments; and she thought within Mar_5:28
15 herself, If I could reach to touch his garments, I should live. And immediately the fountain of her blood was dried; and she felt in her body that she was healed Mar_5:29
16 of her plague. And Jesus straightway knew within himself that power had gone out of him; and he turned to the crowd, and said, Who approached unto my garments? Mar_5:30
17 And on their denying, all of them, Simon Cephas and those with him said unto him, Our Master, the multitudes throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who ap- Luk_8:45
18 proached unto me? And he said, Some one approached unto me; and I knew that Luk_8:46
19 power went forth from me. And that woman, when she saw that she was not hid Luk_8:47
20 from him, came fearing and agitated for she knew what had happened to her, and fell down and worshipped him, and told, in the presence of all the people, for what Mar_5:33 Luk_8:47
21 reason she touched him, and how she was healed immediately. And Jesus said unto her, Be of good courage, daughter; thy faith hath made thee alive; depart in peace, and be whole from thy plague. Luk_8:48 Mar_5:34
22 And while he was yet speaking, there came a man from the house of the chief of the synagogue, and said unto him, Thy daughter hath died; so trouble not the Luk_8:49
23 teacher. But Jesus heard, and said unto the father of the maid, Fear not: but be- Luk_8:50
24 lieve only, and she shall live. And he suffered no man to go with him, except Mar_5:37
25 Simon Cephas, and James, and John the brother of James. And they reached the house of the chief of the synagogue; and he saw them agitated, weeping and wail- Mar_5:38
26 ing. And he entered, and said unto them, Why are ye agitated and weeping? the Mar_5:39
27 Arabic p. 48 maid hath not died, but she is sleeping. And they laughed at him, for Luk_8:53
28 they knew that she had died. And he put every man forth without, and took the father of the maid, and her mother, and Simon, and James, and John, and Mar_5:40
29 entered into the place where the maid was laid. And he took hold of the hand of the maid, and said unto her, Maid, arise. And her spirit returned, and straightway Mar_5:41 Luk_8:55
30 she arose and walked: and she was about twelve years of age. And he commanded Mar_5:42 Luk_8:55
31 that there should be given to her something to eat. And her father wondered greatly: Luk_8:56
32 and he warned them that they should tell no man what had happened. And this report spread in all that land. Mat_9:26
33 And when Jesus crossed over from there, there joined him two blind men, cry- Mat_9:27
34 ing out, and saying, Have mercy on us, thou son of David. And when he came to the house, those two blind men came to him: and Jesus said unto them, Believe ye Mat_9:28
35 that I am able to do this? They said unto him, Yea, our Lord. Then he touched3 Mat_9:29
36 their eyes, and said, As ye have believed, it shall be unto you. And immediately their eyes were opened. And Jesus forbade them, and said, See that no man know. Mat_9:30
37 But they went out and published the news in all that land. Mat_9:31
38 And when Jesus went out, they brought to him a dumb man having a devil. Mat_9:32
39 And on the going out of the devil that dumb man spake. And the multitudes marvelled, and said, It was never so seen in Israel Mat_9:33
40 And Jesus was going about in all the cities and in the villages, and teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every disease Mat_9:35
41 Arabic p. 49 and sickness; and many followed him. And when Jesus saw the multitudes, he had compassion on them, for they were wearied and scattered,4 as sheep Mat_9:36
42 that have no shepherd. And he called his twelve disciples, and gave them power and Mat_10:1 Luk_9:1
43 much authority over all devils and diseases; and sent them two and two, that they Luk_9:2
44 might proclaim the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. And he charged them, and said, Walk not in the way of the heathen, nor enter into the cities of the Sa- Mat_10:5
45, 46 maritans.5 Go especially unto the sheep that are lost of the sons of Israel. And Mat_10:6 Mat_10:7
47 when ye go, proclaim and say, The kingdom of heaven is come near. And heal the sick, and cleanse the lepers, and cast out the devils: freely ye have received, freely Mat_10:8
48, 49 give. Get you not gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses; and take nothing for the way, except a staff only; nor bag, nor bread; neither shall ye have two tunics, Mat_10:9 Mar_6:8 Luk_9:3
50 nor shoes, nor staff, but be shod with sandals; for the labourer is worthy of his food. Mat_10:10
51 And whatever city or village ye enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and there be until Mar_6:9 Mat_10:10
52, 53 ye go out. And when ye enter into the house, ask for the peace of the house: and if the house is worthy, your peace shall come upon it; but if it is not worthy, your Mat_10:11 Mat_10:12 Mat_10:13
54 peace shall return unto you. And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your sayings, when ye go out from that house, or from that village, shake off the dust Mat_10:14 Mar_6:11
55 Arabic p. 50 that is under your feet against them for a testimony. And verily I say unto you, To the land of Sodom and Gomorrah there shall be rest in the day of judgement, rather than to that city. Mat_10:15
1 Lit. the ten cities.
2 See Section 8, 1711.
3 Lit. went forward to cf. Section 8, 1711.
4 Lit. cast away cf. meanings of Syriac word.
5 Section 34, 40, shows that this Arabic form may be so translated.
1 I am sending you as lambs among wolves: be ye now wise as serpents, and Mat_10:16
2 harmless1 as doves. Beware of men: they shall deliver you to the councils of the Mat_10:17
3 magistrates, and scourge you in their synagogues; and shall bring you before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and against the nations. Mat_10:18
4 And when they deliver you up, be not 2 anxious, nor consider beforehand, what ye Mat_10:19
5 shall say; but ye shall be given3 in that hour what ye ought to speak. Ye do not Mat_10:20
6 speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaketh in you. The brother shall deliver up his brother to death, and the father his son; and the sons shall rise against their Mat_10:21
7 parents, and put them to death. And ye shall be hated of every man because of Mat_10:22
8 my name; but he that endureth unto the end of the matter shall be saved.4 When they expel you from this city, flee to another. Verily I say unto you, Ye shall not finish all the cities of the people of Israel, until the Son of man come. Mat_10:23
9, 10 A disciple is not superior to his lord, nor a servant to his master. For it is enough then for the disciple that he be as his lord, and the servant as his master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more the people Mat_10:24 Mat_10:25
11 of his house! Fear them not therefore:5 for there is nothing covered, that shall Mat_10:26
12 Arabic p. 51 not be revealed; nor hid, that shall not be disclosed and published. What I say unto you in the darkness, speak ye in the light; and what ye have told Mat_10:27 Luk_12:3
13 secretly in the ears in closets, let it be proclaimed on the housetops. I say unto you now, my beloved, Be not agitated at6 those who kill the body, but have no power to Luk_12:4
14 kill the soul. I will inform you whom ye shall fear: him7 which is able to destroy Luk_10:28
15 soul and body in hell. Yea, I say unto you, Be afraid of him especially. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing in a bond?8 and one of them shall not fall on the Luk_12:5 Mat_10:29
16 ground without your Father. But what concerns you: even the hair of your heads Mat_10:30
17, 18 also is numbered. Fear not therefore; ye are better than many sparrows. Every man who confesseth me now before men, I also will confess him before my Father Mat_10:31 Mat_10:32
19 which is in heaven; but whosoever denieth me before men, I also will deny him before my Father which is in heaven. Mat_10:33
20 Think ye that I am come to cast peace into the earth? I came not to cast peace, Luk_12:51
21 but to cast dissension. Henceforth there shall be five in one house, three of them Luk_12:52
22 disagreeing with two, and the two with the three. The father shall become hostile to his son, and the son to his father; and the mother to her daughter, and the daughter to her mother; and the mother in law to her daughter in law, and the daughter Luk_12:53
23 in law to her mother in law: and a man’s enemies shall be the people of his house. Mat_10:36
24 Whosoever loveth father or mother better than me is not worthy of me; and whosoever loveth son or daughter more than his love of me is not worthy of me. Mat_10:37
25 Arabic p. 52 And every one that doth not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of Mat_10:38
26 me. Whosoever findeth his life9 shall lose it; and whosoever loseth his life9 for my sake shah find it. Mat_10:39
27 And whosoever receiveth you receiveth me; and whosoever receiveth me re- Mat_10:40
28 ceiveth him that sent me. And whosoever receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall take10 a prophet’s reward; and whosoever shall receive a righteous man Mat_10:41
29 in the name of a righteous man shall take10 a righteous man’s reward. And every one that shall give to drink to one of these least ones a drink of water only, in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward. Mat_10:42 Mar_9:41
30 And when Jesus finished charging his twelve disciples, he removed thence to Mat_11:1
31 teach and preach in their cities. And while they were going in the way they entered into a certain village; and a woman named Martha entertained him in her house. Luk_10:38
32 And she had a sister named Mary, and she came and sat at the feet of our Lord, Luk_10:39
33 and heard his sayings. But Martha was disquieted by much serving; and she came and said unto him, My Lord, givest thou no heed that my sister left me alone to Luk_10:40
34 serve? speak to her that she help me. Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Luk_10:41
35 Martha, thou art solicitous and impatient11 on account of many things: but what is sought is one thing. But Mary hath chosen for herself a good portion, and that which shall not be taken from her. Luk_10:42
36 And the apostles went forth, and preached to the people that they might repent. Mar_6:12
37 And they cast out many devils, and anointed many sick with oil, and healed them. Mar_6:13
38, 39 Arabic p. 53 And the disciples of John told him12 of all these things. And when John heard in the prison of the doings of the Messiah, he called two of his disciples, and sent them to Jesus, and said, Art thou he that cometh, or look we for Luk_7:18 Mat_11:2 Luk_7:19
40 another? And they came to Jesus, and said unto him, John the Baptist hath sent Luk_7:20
41 us unto thee, and said. Art thou he that cometh, or look we for another? And in that hour he cured many of diseases, and of plagues of an evil spirit; and he gave sight Luk_7:21
42 to many blind. Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and tell John everything ye have seen and heard: the blind see, and the lame walk, and the lepers are cleansed, and the blind13 hear, and the dead rise, and the poor have the gospel preached to Luk_7:22
43 them. And blessed is he who doubteth not in me. Luk_7:23
44 And when John’s disciples departed, Jesus began to say to the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? a reed shaken with the Luk_7:24
45 winds? And if not, then what went ye out to see? a man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they that are in magnificent garments and in voluptuousness are in the abode Luk_7:25
46 of kings. And if not, then what went ye out to see? a prophet? Yea, I say unto Luk_7:26
47 you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, I am sending my messenger before thy face To prepare the way before thee. Luk_7:27
1 The word is occasionally used in this sense, but ordinarily means sound, unhurt.
2 From this point down to Mat_10:27, is assigned by Vatican ms. to Mark.
3 Borgian ms. reads, but what ye are granted ye shall speak, and ye shall be given in, etc., and there seems to be a trace of this reading in Ciasca’s text.
4 See note to Section 1, 7815.
5 See note to Section 9, 217.
6 Perhaps, this Arabic word is a copyist’s error for that used a few lines further down in Luk_12:5, the Arabic words being very similar; but see note on Section 1, 142.
8 The Vatican ms., like the British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, omits for a farthing, retaining in a bond. The two phrases are simply different explanations of the same Syriac consonants. These are really the naturalised Greek word rendered farthing in English version; but they also form a Syriac word meaning bond.
9 Or, soul.
10 Or, receive.
11 Or, agitated.
12 Lit. And his disciples told John, as in the Greek, etc.
13 A different word from that used in the preceding verse. It is either an Arabic copyist’s error for the word deaf used in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, or a careless blunder.
1 Verily I say unto you, There hath not arisen among those whom women have borne a greater than John the Baptist; but he that is little now in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. Mat_11:11
2 Arabic p. 54 And all the people which heard, and the publicans, justified1 God, for Luk_7:29
3 they had been baptized with the baptism of John. But the Pharisees and the scribes wronged2 the purpose of God in themselves, in that they were not baptized of Luk_7:30
4 him. And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven is Mat_11:12
5 snatched away by violence. The law and the prophets were until John; and after that, the kingdom of God is preached, and all press to enter it: and they that exert them- Luk_16:16 Mat_11:12
6, 7 selves snatch it away. All the prophets and the law until John prophesied. And if ye Mat_11:13 Mat_11:14
8 will, then receive it, that he is Elijah, which is to come. Whosoever hath ears that hear Mat_11:15
9 let him hear. Easier is the perishing of heaven and earth, than the passing away of Luk_16:17
10 one point of the law. To whom then shall I liken the people of this generation,3 and Luk_7:31
11 to whom are they like? They are like the children sitting in the market, which call to their companions, and say, We sang to you, and ye danced not; we wailed to you, Luk_7:32
12 and ye wept not. John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; Luk_7:33
13 and ye said, He hath demons: and the Son of man came eating and drinking; and ye said, Behold, a gluttonous man, and a drinker of wine, and an associate of pub- Luk_7:34
14, 15 licans and sinners! And wisdom was justified of all her children. And when he said that, they came to the house. And there gathered unto him again multitudes, Luk_7:35 Mar_3:20 4
16 so that they found not bread to eat. And while he was casting out a devil which was dumb, when he cast out that devil, that dumb man spake. And the multitudes Luk_11:14
17 Arabic p. 55 marvelled. And the Pharisees, when they heard, said, This man doth not cast out the devils, except by Beelzebul the chief of the demons, which is in him. Mat_12:24
18, 19 And others requested of him a sign from heaven, to tempt him. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them in parables, Every kingdom that withstandeth itself shall become desolate; and every house or city that disagreeth with itself shall not Luk_11:16 Mat_12:25
20 stand: and if a devil cast out a devil, he withstandeth himself; neither shall he be Mat_12:26
21 able to stand, but his end shall be. Then how now shall his kingdom stand? for ye Mar_3:26 Mat_12:26
22 said that I cast out devils by Beelzebul. And if I by Beelzebul cast out the devils, then your children, by what do they cast them out? And for this cause they shall Luk_11:18 Mat_12:27
23 be judges against you. But if I by the Spirit of God cast out devils, then the king- Mat_12:28
24 dom of God is come near unto you. Or how can a man enter into the house of a valiant man, and seize his garments,5 if he do not beforehand secure himself6 from Mat_12:29
25 that valiant man? and then will he cut off7 his house. But when the valiant man is Luk_11:21
26 armed, guarding his house, his possessions are in peace. But if one come who is more valiant than he, he overcometh him, and taketh his whole armour, on which Luk_11:22
27 he relieth, and divideth his spoil. Whosoever is not with me is against me; and Luk_11:23
28 Arabic p. 56 whosoever gathereth not with me scattereth abroad. For this reason I say unto you, that all sins and blasphemies with which men blaspheme shall be forgiven Mar_3:28
29 them: but whosoever shall blaspheme against the Holy Spirit, there is no Mar_3:29
30 forgiveness for him for ever, but he is deserving of eternal punishment: because they Mar_3:30
31 said that he had an unclean spirit. And he said also, Every one that speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, nor in the world to Mat_12:32
32 come. Either ye must make a good tree8 and its fruit good; or ye must make an evil Mat_12:33
33 tree9 and its fruit evil: for the tree is known by its fruit. Ye children of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? from the overflowings of the heart the mouth Mat_12:34
34 speaketh. The good man from the good treasures which are in his heart bringeth forth good things; and the wicked man from the evil treasures which are in his Luk_6:45
35 heart bringeth forth evils. I say unto you, that every idle word which men shall Mat_12:36
36 speak, they shall give an answer for in the day of judgement: for by thy sayings thou shalt be justified, and by thy sayings thou shalt be judged. Mat_12:37
37 And he said to the multitudes, When ye see the clouds appear from the west, Luk_12:54
38 straightway ye say that there cometh rain; and so it cometh to pass. And when Luk_12:55
39 the south wind bloweth, ye say that there will be heat; and it cometh to pass. And when the evening is come, ye say, It will be fair weather, for the heaven has become Mat_16:2
40 Arabic p. 57 red. And in the morning ye say, To-day there will be severe weather, for the redness Of the heaven is paling. Ye hypocrites, ye know to examine the face of the heaven and the earth; but the signs of this time ye know not to discern. Mat_16:3 Mat_16:4 10
41 Then they brought to him one possessed of a demon, dumb and blind; and he Mat_12:22
42 healed him, so that the dumb and blind began to speak and see. And all the multitudes wondered, and said, Is this, think you, the son of David? Mat_12:23
43 And the apostles returned unto Jesus, and told him everything that they had Mar_6:30
44 done and wrought.11 And he said unto them, Come, let us go into the desert alone, and rest yea little. And many were going and returning, and they had not leisure, not even to eat bread. Mar_6:31
45 And after that, there came to him one of the Pharisees, and besought him that he would eat bread with him. And he entered into the house of that Pharisee, and Luk_7:36
46 reclined. And there was in that city a woman that was a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting in the house of that Pharisee, she took a box of sweet oint- Luk_7:37
47 ment, and stood behind him, towards his feet, weeping, and began to wet his feet with her tears, and to wipe them with the hair of her head, and to kiss his feet, and Luk_7:38
48 anoint them with the sweet ointment. And when that12 Pharisee saw it, who invited him, he thought within himself, and said, This man, if he were a prophet, would know who she is and what is her history: for the woman which touched him was a sinner. Luk_7:39
1 Syriac. In Arabic the word ordinarily means believed.
2 See Section 20, 2811.
3 See Section 1, 4910.
4 And verse 19b.
5 The word used in the Syriac versions Pesh. and Cur. means garments as well as utensils, and the Arabic translator has chosen the wrong meaning cf. Section 42, 44.
6 Certain derivatives from the same root signify bind, but hardly this word.
7 The two Arab. mss. differ in this word, but the meaning is about the same. Perhaps both are corrupt.
8 Or, a tree good.
9 Or, a tree evil.
10 This is reckoned to verse 3 in the Greek.
11 Wrought may have arisen from taught by a transcriptional error transposition of l and m within the Arabic text. As it appears to occur in both mss., they would seem to have a common origin, which, however, can hardly have been the autograph of the translator.
12 A comparison with the Syriac text recommends this rendering.