The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.) ss 15 -27

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XV.

1 Jesus answered and said unto him, Simon, I have something to say unto thee. And Luk_7:40    

2 Arabic p. 58 he said unto him, Say on, my Master. Jesus said unto him, There were two debtors to one creditor; and one of them owed five hundred pence, and the other Luk_7:41   

3 owed fifty pence. And because they had not wherewith to pay, he forgave Luk_7:42   

4 them both. Which of them ought to love him more? Simon answered and said, I suppose, he to whom he forgave most. Jesus said unto him, Thou hast judged rightly. Luk_7:43   

5 And he turned to that woman, and said to Simon, Dost thou see this woman? I entered into thy dwelling, and thou gavest me not water to wash my feet: but this Luk_7:44   

6 woman hath bathed1 my feet with her tears, and dried them with her hair. And thou kissedst me not: but this woman, since she2 entered, hath not ceased to kiss my Luk_7:45   

7 feet. And thou anointedst not my head with oil:3 but this woman hath anointed Luk_7:46   

8 my feet with sweet ointment.3 And for this, I say unto thee, Her many sins are forgiven her, because she loved much; for he to whom little is forgiven loveth little. Luk_7:47   

9, 10 And he said unto that woman, Thy sins are forgiven thee. And those that were in- Luk_7:48 Luk_7:49   

11 vited began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also? And Jesus said to that woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace. Luk_7:50   

12 And many believed in him when they saw the signs which he was doing. Joh_2:23   

13, 14 But Jesus did not trust4 himself to them, for he knew every man, and he needed not any man to testify to him concerning every man; for he knew what was in man. Joh_2:24 Joh_2:25   

15 And after that, Jesus set apart from his disciples other seventy, and sent them two and two before his face to every region and city whither he was purposing to Luk_10:1   

16 go. And he said unto them, The harvest is abundant, and the labourers are few: Luk_10:2   

17 entreat now the Lord of the harvest, that he send forth labourers into his harvest. Go Luk_10:3   

18 Arabic p. 59 ye: and lo, I am sending you as lambs among wolves. Take not with you Luk_10:4   

19 purses, nor a wallet, nor shoes; neither salute any man in the way. And Luk_10:5   

20 whatsoever house ye enter, first salute that house: and if there be there a son of peace, Luk_10:6   

21 let your peace rest upon him; but if there be not, your peace shall return to you. And be ye in that house eating and drinking what they have:5 for the labourer is worthy of Luk_10:7   

22 his hire. And remove not from house to house. And into whatsoever city ye enter, Luk_10:8   

23 and they receive you, eat what is presented to you: and heal the sick that are Luk_10:9   

24 therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come near unto you. But whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go out into the market, and say, Luk_10:10   

25 Even the dust that clave to our feet from your city, we shake off against you; but Luk_10:11   

26 know6 this,7 that the kingdom of God is come near unto you. I say unto you, that for Sodom there shall be quiet in the day of judgement, but there shall not be for Luk_10:12   

27 that city. Then began Jesus to rebuke the cities in which there had been many Mat_11:20   

28 mighty works,8 and they repented not. And he said, Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! if there had been in Tyre and Sidon the signs which were in Mat_11:21   

29 thee, it may be that they would have repented in sackcloth and ashes. Howbeit I say unto you, that for Tyre and Sidon there shall be rest in the day of judgement, Mat_11:22   

30 more than for you. And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt sink down unto Hades; for if there had been in Sodom the wonders9 which were Mat_11:23   

31 in thee, it would have remained until this day. And now I say unto thee, that for the land of Sodom there shall be quiet in the day of judgement, more than for thee. Mat_11:24   

32 Arabic p. 60 And he said again unto his apostles, Whosoever heareth you heareth me; and whosoever heareth me heareth him that sent me: and whosoever wrongeth10 you wrongeth me; and whosoever wrongeth me wrongeth him that sent me. Luk_10:16   

33 And those seventy returned with great joy, and said unto him, Our Lord, even Luk_10:17   

34 the devils also are subject unto us in thy name. He said unto them, I beheld Luk_10:18   

35 Satan11 fallen like lightning from heaven. Behold, I am giving you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and the whole race12 of the enemy; and nothing shall Luk_10:19   

36 hurt you. Only ye must not rejoice that the devils are subject unto you; but be glad that your names are written in heaven. Luk_10:20   

37 And in that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said, I acknowledge thee, my Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou didst hide these things from the wise and understanding, and didst reveal them unto children: yea, my Father; so Luk_10:21   

38 was thy will. And he turned to his disciples,13 and said unto them, Everything hath been delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, save the Father; and who the Father is, save the Son, and to whomsoever the Son willeth Luk_10:22   

39 to reveal him. Come unto me, all of you, ye that are wearied and bearers of bur- Mat_11:28   

40 dens, and I will give you rest. Bear my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for14 I Mat_11:29   

41 am gentle and lowly in my heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is pleasant, and my burden is light. Mat_11:30   

42 And while great multitudes were going with him, he turned, and said unto them, Luk_14:25   

43 Whosoever cometh unto me, and hateth not his father, and his mother, and his brethren, and his sisters, and his wife, and his children, and himself15 also, cannot Luk_14:26   

44 be a disciple to me. And whosoever doth not take his cross, and follow Luk_14:27   

45 Arabic p. 61 me, cannot be a disciple to me. Which of you desireth to build a tower, and doth not sit down first and reckon his expenses and whether he hath enough to Luk_14:28   

46 complete it?16 lest when he hath laid the foundations, and is not able to finish, all that Luk_14:29   

47 behold him17 laugh at him, and say, This man began to build, and was not able to Luk_14:30   

48 finish. Or what king goeth to the battle to fight with another king,18 and doth not consider first whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh to him Luk_14:31   

49 with twenty thousand? And if he is not able, he sendeth unto him while he is afar Luk_24:32   

50 off, and seeketh peace. So shall19 every man of you consider, that desireth to be a disciple to me; for if he renounceth not all that he hath, he cannot be a disciple to me. Luk_14:33  





1 Lit. sunk, a word the choice of which is explained by the Syriac.

2 Or, I.

3 Same word in Arabic.

4 The meaning is not apparent.

5 cf. Syriac versions.

6 The first letter of the word has been lost.

7 Lit. that, as often in this work.

8 Lit. powers.

9 The word as printed by Ciasca perhaps means gifts, but by dropping a point from the second letter we gee the postclassical word given In the text above.

10 See Section 20, 2811.

11 The word translated devil in preceding verse.

12 This is an Arabic clerical error for forces. The Syriac word for power means also military forces, which was apparently rendered in Arabic army, a word thee differs from race only in diacritical points.

13 cf. Pesh. and A. V. margin.

14 Lit. that cf. above, Section 1, 5011.

15 Or, his life; or, his soul.

16 The rendering assumes that tower is treated as feminine.

17 Or, it.

18 Or, a king like him.

19 Or, let.



Section XVI.


1 Then answered certain of the scribes and Pharisees, that they might tempt him, Mat_12:38   

2 and said, Teacher, we desire to see a sign from thee. He answered and said, This evil and adulterous generation1 seeketh a sign; and it shall not be given a sign, Mat_12:39   

3 except the sign of Jonah the prophet. And as Jonah was a sign to the inhabitants Luk_11:30   

4 of Nineveh, so shall the Son of man also be to this generation. And as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish three days and three nights, so shall the Son of man Mat_12:40   

5 be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. The queen of the south shall rise in the judgement with the people of this generation, and condemn2 them: for she came from the ends of the earth that she might hear the wisdom of Solomon; Luk_11:31   

6 Arabic p. 62 and behold, here is a better than Solomon. The men of Nineveh shall stand in the judgement with this generation, and condemn it: for they repented at Mat_12:41   

7 the preaching of Jonah; and behold, here is a greater than Jonah. The unclean spirit, when he goeth out of the man, departeth, and goeth about through places wherein are no waters, that he may find rest for himself; and when he findeth it not, he Luk_11:24   

8 saith, I will return to my house whence I came out. And if he come and find it Luk_11:25   

9 adorned and set in order, then he goeth, and associateth with himself seven other spirits worse than himself; and they enter and dwell in it: and the end of that man Luk_11:26   

10 shall be worse than his beginning. Thus shall it be unto this evil generation. Mat_12:45   

11 And while he was saying that, a woman from the multitude lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the breasts that nursed Luk_11:27   

12 thee. But he said unto her, Blessed is he that heareth the word of God, and keepeth it. Luk_11:28   

13 And while he was speaking unto the multitude, there came unto him his mother Mat_12:46 Luk_8:19   

14 and his brethren, and sought to speak with him; and they were not able, because of Mat_12:46   

15 the multitude; and they stood without and sent, calling him unto them. A man said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren are standing without, and seek to Luk_8:19 Mar_3:31 Mat_12:47   

16 speak with thee. But he answered unto him that spake unto him, Who is my Mat_12:48   

17 mother? and who are my brethren? And he beckoned with his hand, stretching it out towards his disciples, and said, Behold, my mother! and behold, my brethren! Mat_12:49   

18 And every man that shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven is my brother, and my sister, and my mother. Mat_12:50   

19 And after that, Jesus was going about in the cities and in the villages, and proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God, and his3 twelve with him, Luk_8:1   

20 Arabic p. 63 and the women which had been healed of diseases and of evil spirits, Mary Luk_8:2   

21 that was called Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven devils, and Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others, who were ministering to them of their substance. Luk_8:3   

22 And after that, Jesus went out of the house, and sat on the sea shore. And there Mat_13:1 Mat_13:2   

23 gathered unto him great multitudes. And when the press of the people was great upon him, he went up and sat in the boat; and all the multitude was standing on the   

24 shore of the sea. And he spake to them much in parables, and said, The sower Mat_13:3   

25 went forth to sow: and when he sowed, some fell on the beaten highway; and it was Mat_13:4 Luk_8:5   

26 trodden upon, and the birds ate it. And other fell on the rocks: and some, where there was not much earth; and straightway it sprang up, because it had no depth in Mat_13:5   

27 the earth: and when the sun rose, it withered; and because it had no root, it dried Mat_13:6   

28 up. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it; Luk_8:7   

29 and it yielded no fruit. And other fell into excellent and good4 ground; and it came up, and grew, and brought forth fruit, some thirty, and some sixty, and some Mar_4:7 Luk_8:8 Mar_4:8   

30 a hundred. And when he said that, he cried, He that hath ears that hear, let him Luk_8:8   

31 Arabic p. 64 hear. And when they were alone, his disciples came, and asked him, and said unto Mar_4:10 5   

32 him, What is this parable? and why spakest thou unto them in parables? He answered and said unto them, Unto you is given the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God; but it is not given unto them that are Mar_4:11 6   

33 without. He that hath shall be given unto, and there shall be added; and he that Mat_13:12   

34 hath not, that which he hath shah be taken from him also. For this cause therefore I speak unto them in parables; because they see, and see not; and hear, and hear Mat_13:13   

35 not, nor understand. And in them is being fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah, who said, Hearing they shall hear, and shall not understand; And seeing they shall see, and shall not perceive: Mat_13:14   

36 The heart of this people is waxed gross, And their hearing with their ears is become heavy, And they have closed their eyes; Lest they should see with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their hearts, And should return, And I should heal them. Mat_13:15   

37, 38 But ye, blessed are your eyes, which see; and your ears, which hear. Blessed Mat_13:16 Luk_10:23   

39 are the eyes which see what ye see. Verily I say unto you, Many of the prophets and the righteous longed to see what ye see, and saw not; and to hear what ye Mat_13:17   

40 hear, and heard not. When ye know not this parable, how shall ye know all para- Mar_4:13   

41, 42 bles? Hear ye the parable of the sower. The sower which sowed, sowed the word Mat_13:18 Mar_4:14   

43 of God. Every one who heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, the evil one cometh and snatcheth away the word that hath been sown in his Mat_13:19   

44 heart: and this is that which was sown on the middle of the highway. But that which was sown on the rocks is he that heareth the word, and straightway receiveth Mat_13:20   

45, 46 Arabic p. 65 it with joy; only, it hath no root in his soul, but his belief in it is for a time; and whenever there is distress or persecution because of a7 word, he Mat_13:21 Luk_8:13 Mat_13:21   

47 stumbleth8 quickly. And that which was sown among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the error of riches, and the rest of the Mat_13:22 Mar_4:19   

48 other lusts enter, and choke the word, and it becometh without fruit. And that which was sown in good ground is he that heareth my word in a pure and good heart, and understandeth it, and holdeth to it, and bringeth forth fruit with patience, and produceth either a hundredfold or sixtyfold or thirty. Luk_8:15 Mat_13:23   

49 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, like a man who casteth seed into the Mar_4:26   

50 earth, and sleepeth and riseth by night and day, and the seed groweth and cometh Mar_4:27   

51 up, whence9 he knoweth not. And the earth bringeth it to the fruit; and first it Mar_4:28   

52 will be blade, and after it ear, and at last perfect wheat in the ear: and whenever the fruit ripeneth,10 he bringeth immediately the sickle, for the harvest hath come. Mar_4:29  





1 See Section 1, 4910.

2 See note to Section 10, 133.

3 The Arabic printed text gives not sense. A simple change in the diacritical points of one letter gives the reading of the Syriac versions, which is adopted here.

4 cf. Peshitta against Cur. and Sin.

5 With additions from Mat_13:10, and Luk_8:9.

6 And Mat_13:11

7 See Section 1, 408.

8 Or, is seduced, cf. Section 25, 175.

9 Or, while.

10 Lit. fatteneth, as in Peshitta.



Section XVII.


1 And he set forth to them another parable, and said, The kingdom of heaven is Mat_13:24   

2 like a man who sowed good seed in his field; but when men slept, his enemy came Mat_13:25   

3 and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away. And when the blade sprang up Mat_13:26   

4 and brought forth fruit, there were noticed the tares also. And the servants of the master of the house came, and said unto him, Our lord, didst thou not sow good Mat_13:27   

5 Arabic p. 66 seed in thy field? whence are there tares in it? He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. His servants said unto him, Wilt thou that we go Mat_13:28   

6 and separate it? He said unto them, Perhaps,1 when ye separate the tares, ye would Mat_13:29   

7 root up with them wheat also. Leave them to grow both together until the harvest: and in the time of the harvest I will say unto the reapers, Separate the tares first, and bind them in bundles to be burned with fire; and gather the wheat into my barns. Mat_13:30   

8, 9 And he set forth to them another parable, and said, To what is the kingdom of Mat_13:31 Luk_13:18   

10 God like? and to what shall I liken it? and in what parable shall I set it forth? It Mar_4:30 Luk_13:19   

11 is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and planted in his field: and of the number of the things that are sown in the earth it is smaller than all of the things Mat_13:31 Mar_4:31   

12 which are sown, which are upon the earth; but when it is grown, it is greater than all the herbs, and produceth large branches, so that the birds of heaven make their nests in its branches. Mat_13:32 Mar_4:32   

13, 14 And he set forth to them another parable: To what shall I liken the kingdom of Mar_4:33 2 Luk_13:20   

15 God? It is like the leaven which a woman took, and kneaded into three measures of flour, until the whole of it was leavened. Mat_13:33   

16 And Jesus spake all that to the multitudes by way of parables, according as they Mat_13:34 Mar_4:33   

17 were able to hear. And without parables spake he not unto them; that the saying of the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled: I will open my mouth in parables; And I will utter secrets which were before the foundations3 of the world. Mat_13:34 Mat_13:35   

18 But he explained to his disciples privately everything. Mar_4:34   

19 Arabic p. 67 Then Jesus left4 the multitudes, and came to the house. And his disciples came unto him, and said unto him, Explain unto us that parable about the tares Mat_13:36   

20 and the field. He answered and said unto them, He that sowed good seed is Mat_13:37   

21 the Son of man; and the field is the world; and the good seed are the children of the Mat_13:38   

22 kingdom; and the tares are the children of the evil one; and the enemy that sowed them5 is Satan; and the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. Mat_13:39   

23 And as the tares are separated and burned in the fire, so shall it be in the end of Mat_13:40   

24 this world. The Son of man shall send his angels, and separate from his kingdom Mat_13:41   

25 all things that injure, and all the doers of iniquity, and they shall cast them into the Mat_13:42   

26 furnace of fire: and there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous shall shine as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whosoever hath ears that hear, let him hear. Mat_13:43   

27 And again the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hid in a field: that which a man found and hid; and, for his pleasure in it, went and sold all that he had, and bought that field. Mat_13:34   

28 And again the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is a merchant seeking ex- Mat_13:45   

29 cellent pearls; and when he found one pearl of great price, he went and sold everything that he had, and bought it. Mat_13:46   

30 And again the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was cast6 into the sea, and Mat_13:47   

31 gathered of every kind: and when it was filled, they drew it up on to the shore of the sea, and sat down to select; and the good of them they threw into the vessels, Mat_13:48   

32 and the bad they threw outside. Thus shall it be in the end of the world: the angels Mat_13:49   

33 shall go forth, and separate the wicked from among the good, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Mat_13:50   

34 Jesus said unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They said unto Mat_13:51   

35 Arabic p. 68 him, Yea, our Lord. He said unto them, Therefore every scribe that becometh a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is a householder, who bringeth out of his treasures the new and the old. Mat_13:52   

36, 37 And when Jesus had finished all these parables, he removed thence, and came to his city; and he taught them in their synagogues, so that they were perplexed. Mat_13:53 Mat_13:54   

38 And when the sabbath came, Jesus began to teach in the synagogue; and many of Mar_6:2   

39 those that heard marvelled, and said, Whence came these things to this man? And many envied him and gave no heed to him, but said, What is this wisdom that is given to this man, that there should happen at his hands such as these mighty works?7   

40 Is not this a carpenter, son of a carpenter? and is not his mother called Mary? and Mat_13:55   

41 his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, all of them, Mat_13:56   

42 lo, are they not all with us? Whence hath this man all these things? And they were in doubt concerning him. And Jesus knew their opinion, and said unto them, Will ye haply”8 say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal first thyself: and all that Mat_13:57 Luk_4:23   

43 we have heard that thou didst in Capernaum, do here also in thine own city? And he said, Verily I say unto you, A prophet is not received in his own city, nor among Luk_4:24   

44 his brethren: for a prophet is not despised, save in his own city, and among his own Mar_6:4   

45 kin, and in his own house. Verily I say unto you, In the days of Elijah the prophet, there were many widows among the children of Israel, when the heaven held back Luk_4:25   

46 Arabic p. 69 three years and six months, and there was a great famine in all the land; and Elijah was not sent to one of them, save to Zarephath of Sidon, to a woman that was Luk_4:26   

47 a widow. And many lepers were among the children of Israel in the days of Elisha the prophet; but not one of them was cleansed, save Naaman the Nabathaean.9 Luk_4:27   

48 And he was not able to do there many mighty works,10 because of their unbelief; Mar_6:5   

49 except that he laid his hand upon a few of the sick, and healed them. And he mar- Mar_6:6   

50 velled at their lack of faith. And when those who were in the synagogue heard, Luk_4:28   

51 they were all filled with wrath; and they rose up, and brought him forth outside the city, and brought him to the brow of the hill upon which their city was built, that Luk_4:29   

52 they might cast him from its summit: but he passed through among them and went away. Luk_4:30   

53 And he went about in the villages which were around Nazareth, and taught in their synagogues. Mar_6:6  





1 See Section 4, 249.

2 Or rather Mat_13:33.

3 The word if not a corruption of that used in the British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, and in Section 43, 46, where, however, according to Ciasca’s foot-note, it was not the word first written by the scribe is Syriac. Perhaps it means the ends of the earth see P. Smith, Thes. Syr.. Still a third word is used in Section 47, 42.

4 cf. Section 11, 326.

5 Singular.

6 cf. note to Section 10, 82.

7 Lit. powers

8 cf. above, Section 4, 249.

9 Of the Syriac versions Cur. and Sin. are wanting. Pesh. has Aramaean.

10 Lit. powers.



Section XVIII.


1 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, and all the things which came to pass at his hand; and he marvelled, for he had obtained excellent Luk_9:8 Mar_6:15 Mar_6:16   

2 information concerning him.1 And some men said that John the Baptist was risen Luk_9:7   

3 from among the dead; and2 others said that Elijah had appeared; and others, Jere- Luk_9:8 Mat_16:14   

4 miah; and others, that a prophet of the old prophets was risen; and others said that he Luk_9:8 Mar_6:15   

5 was a prophet like one of the prophets. Herod said to his servants, This is John the Baptist, he whom I beheaded; he is risen from among the dead: therefore mighty Mar_6:16 Mat_14:2   

6 Arabic p. 70 works result from him. For Herod himself had sent and taken John, and cast him into prison, for the sake of Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, whom he Mar_6:17   

7 had taken. And John said to Herod, Thou hast no authority to take the wife of thy Mar_6:18   

8 brother. And Herodias avoided him and wished to kill him; and she could not. Mar_6:19   

9 But Herod feared John, for he knew that he was a righteous man and a holy; and Mar_6:20   

10 he guarded him, and heard him much, and did, and obeyed him with gladness. And he wished to kill him; but he feared the people, for they adhered to him as the Mat_14:5   

11 prophet. And there was a celebrated day, and Herod had made a feast for his great men on the day of his anniversary,3 and for the officers and for the chief men Mar_6:21   

12 of Galilee. And the daughter of Herodias came in and danced in the midst of the company, and pleased Herod and those that sat with him. And the king said to the Mar_6:22   

13 damsel, Ask of me what thou wilt, and I will give it thee. And he sware unto her, Mar_6:23   

14 Whatsoever thou shalt ask, I will give it thee, to the half of my kingdom. And she went out, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask him?4 She said unto her, The Mar_6:24   

15 head of John the Baptist. And immediately she came in hastily to the king, and said unto him, I desire in this hour that thou give me on a dish the head of John Mar_6:25   

16 the Baptist. And the king was exceeding sorry; but because of the oath and the Mar_6:26   

17 guests he did not wish to refuse her. But immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded that he should bring the head of John: and he went and cut off Mar_6:27   

18 the head of John in the prison, and brought it on a dish, and delivered it to the Mar_6:28   

19 Arabic p. 71 damsel; and the damsel gave it to her mother. And his disciples heard, and came and took his body, and buffed it. And they came and told5 Jesus what Mat_6:29 Mat_14:12   

20 had happened. And for this cause Herod said, I beheaded John: who Luk_9:9   

21 is this, of whom I hear these things. And he desired to see him. And Jesus, when he heard, removed thence in a boat to a waste place alone, to the other side of the sea of the Galilee of Tiberias.6 Mat_14:13 Joh_6:1   

22 And many saw them going, and knew them, and hastened by land7 from all the cities, and came thither beforehand; for they saw the signs which he was doing on the Mar_6:33 Joh_6:2   

23, 24 sick. And Jesus went up into the mountain, and sat there with his disciples. And Joh_6:3 Joh_6:4   

25 the feast of the passover of the Jews was near. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and saw great multitudes coming to him. And he was moved with compassion for them, for Joh_6:5 Mar_6:34   

26 they were like sheep that were without a shepherd. And he received them, and spake to them concerning the kingdom of God, and healed those who had need of healing. Luk_9:11   

27 And when the evening approached,8 his disciples came to him, and said unto Mat_14:15   

28 him, The place is desert, and the time is past; send away the multitudes of the people,9 that they may go to the towns and villages which are around us, and buy for Mar_6:36   

29 themselves bread; for they have nothing to eat. But he said unto them, They have Mat_14:16   

30 no need to go away; give ye them what may be eaten. They said unto him, We have not here enough. He said unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread that these may eat? Mat_14:17 Joh_6:5   

31, 32 Arabic p. 72 And he said that proving him; and he knew what he was resolved to do. Philip said unto him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread would not suffice them after10 Joh_6:6 Joh_6:7   

33 every one of them hath taken a small amount. One of his disciples said unto Joh_6:8   

34 him namely, Andrew the brother of Simon Cephas, Here is a lad having five loaves Joh_6:9   

35 of barley and two fishes: but this amount, what is it for all these? But wilt thou that we go and buy for all the people what may be eaten? for we have no more Luk_9:13 11   

36 than these five loaves and the two fishes. And the grass was plentiful in that place. Jesus said unto them, Arrange all the people that they may sit down on the grass, Joh_6:10 12   

37 fifty people in a company. And the disciples did so. And all the people sat down Mar_6:40   

38 by companies, by hundreds and fifties. Then Jesus said unto them, Bring hither Mat_14:18   

39 those five loaves and the two fishes. And when they brought him that, Jesus took the bread and the fish, and looked to heaven, and blessed, and divided, and gave to Mar_6:41   

40 his disciples to set before them; and the disciples set for the multitudes the bread Mat_14:19   

41 and the fish; and they ate, all of them, and were satisfied. And when they were satisfied, he said unto his disciples, Gather the fragments that remain over, that noth- Mat_14:20 Joh_6:12   

42 ing be lost. And they gathered, and filled twelve baskets with fragments, being those that remained over from those which ate of the five barley loaves and the two Joh_6:13   

43 fishes. And those people who ate were five thousand, besides the women and children. Mat_14:21   

44 Arabic p. 73 And straightway he pressed his disciples to go up into the ship, and that they should go before him unto the other side to Bethsaida, while he Mar_6:45   

45 himself should send away the multitudes. And those people who saw the sign which Joh_6:14   

46 Jesus did, said, Of a truth this is a prophet who hath come into the world. And Jesus knew their purpose to come and take him, and make him a king; and he left them, and went up into the mountain alone for prayer. Joh_6:15   

47, 48 And when the nightfall was near, his disciples went down unto the sea, and sat13 in a boat, and came to the side of Capernaum. And the darkness came on, and Jesus Joh_6:16 Joh_6:17   

49 had not come to them. And the sea was stirred up against them by reason of a vio- Joh_6:18   

50 lent wind that blew. And the boat was distant from the land many furlongs, and they were much damaged by the waves, and the wind was against them. Mat_14:24  





1 There can be little doubt that this is the meaning of the Arabic. There is nothing like it in the Peshitta; the Curetonian is of course lacking; but the phrase in the Sinaitic is very similar.

2 Here begins Mat_13:8 in Greek.

3 Perhaps appointment cf. Moesinger, p. 165; but Isho’dad [Harris, Fragments, p. 65] and the British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary have the ordinary reading.

4 Or simply ask.

5 Or, tell.

6 A misunderstanding or slavish reproduction of the Syriac. The British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary has of Galilee, Tiberias.

7 cf. Syriac versions and margin of R.V.

8 Or, came.

9 cf. the addition in the Sinaitic Syriac.

10 Probably a mistaken rendering of the ordinary Syriac reading.

11 Considerably changed.

12 And Luk_9:14, Luk_9:15.

13 cf. Syriac versions.



Section XIX.


1 And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus came unto them, walking upon the Mat_14:25   

2 water, after they had rowed1 with difficulty about twenty-five or thirty furlongs. Joh_6:19, Joh_6:19   

3 And when he drew near unto their boat, his disciples saw him walking on the water; and they were troubled, and supposed that it was a false appearance; and they cried Mat_14:26   

4 out from their fear. But Jesus straightway spoke unto them, and said, Take courage, Mat_14:27   

5 for it is I; fear not. Then Cephas answered and said unto him, My Lord, if it be thou, Mat_14:28   

6 bid me to come unto thee on the water. And Jesus said unto him, Come. And Mat_14:29   

7 Cephas went down out of the boat, and walked on the water to come unto Jesus. But when he saw the wind strong, he feared, and was on the point of sink- Mat_14:30   

8 Arabic p. 74 ing; and he lifted up his voice, and said, My Lord, save me. And immediately our Lord stretched out his hand and took hold of him, and said unto him, Mat_14:31   

9 Thou of little faith, why didst thou doubt? And when Jesus came near, he went up Mat_14:32   

10 unto them into the boat, he and Simon, and immediately the wind ceased. And those that were in the ship came and worshipped him, and said, Truly thou art the Mat_14:33   

11 Son of God. And straightway that ship arrived at the land which they made for. Joh_6:21   

12 And when they came out of the ship to the land, they marvelled greatly and were Mar_6:54 Mar_6:51   

13 perplexed in themselves: and they had not understood by means of2 that bread, because their heart was gross. Mar_6:52   

14 And when the people of that region knew of the arrival of Jesus, they made haste in all that land, and began to bring those that were diseased,3 borne in their Mar_6:54 Mar_6:55   

15 beds to the place where they heard that he was. And wheresoever the place might be which he entered, of the villages or the cities, they laid the sick in the markets, and sought of him that they might touch4 were it only the edge of his garment: and all that touched5 him were healed and lived.6 Mar_6:56   

16 And on the day after that, the multitude which was standing on the shore of the sea saw that there was there no other ship save that into which the disciples had Joh_6:22   

17 gone up, and that Jesus went not up into the ship with his disciples (but there were other ships from Tiberias near7 the place where they ate the bread when Jesus blessed Joh_6:23   

18 it): and when that multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor yet his disciples, they Joh_6:24   

19 Arabic p. 75 went up into those ships, and came to Capernaum, and sought Jesus. And when they found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Our Joh_6:25   

20 Master, when camest thou hither? Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye have not sought me because of8 your seeing the signs, but because of Joh_6:26   

21 your eating the bread and being satisfied. Serve not the food which perisheth, but the food which abideth in eternal life,9 which the Son of man will give unto you: him10 Joh_6:27   

22 hath God the Father sealed. They said unto him, What shall we do that we may Joh_6:28   

23 work the work of God? Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of Joh_6:29   

24 God, that ye believe in him whom he hath sent. They said unto him, What sign hast thou done, that we may see, and believe in thee? what hast thou wrought? Joh_6:30   

25 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it was written, Bread from heaven Joh_6:31   

26 gave he them to eat. Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not bread from heaven; but my Father gave11 you the bread of truth12 from Joh_6:32   

27 heaven. The bread of God is that which came down from heaven and gave the Joh_6:33   

28, 29 world life. They said unto him, Our Lord, give us at all times this bread. Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: whosoever cometh unto me shall not hun- Joh_6:34 Joh_6:35   

30 ger, and whosoever believeth in me shall not thirst for ever. But I said unto you, Joh_6:36   

31 Ye have seen me, and have not believed. And all that my Father hath given to me cometh unto me; and whosoever cometh unto me I shall not cast him forth with- Joh_6:37   

32 out. I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but to do the will of him Joh_6:38   

33 that sent me; and this is the will of him that sent me, that I should lose nothing of Joh_6:39   

34 Arabic p. 75 that which he gave me, but raise it up in the last day. This is the will of my Father, that every one that seeth the Son, and believeth in him, should have eternal life; and I will raise him up in the last day. Joh_6:40   

35 The Jews therefore murmured against him because of his saying, I am the bread Joh_6:41   

36 which came down from heaven. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? then how saith this man, I came down from Joh_6:42   

37, 38 heaven? Jesus answered and said unto them, Murmur not one with another. No man is able to come unto me, except the Father which sent me draw him; and I will Joh_6:43 Joh_6:44   

39 raise him up in the last day. It is written in the prophet, They shall all be the taught of God. Every one who heareth from the Father now,13 and learneth of him, cometh Joh_6:45   

40 unto me. No man now seeth the Father; but he that is from God, he it is that seeth Joh_6:46   

41 the Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever believeth in me hath eternal Joh_6:47   

42, 43 life. I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and Joh_6:48 Joh_6:49   

44 they died. This is the bread which came down from heaven, that a man may eat Joh_6:50   

45 of it, and not die. I am the bread of life which came down from heaven: and if a man eat of this bread he shall live for ever: and the bread which I shall give is my body, which I give for the life of the world. Joh_6:51 Joh_6:51 14   

46 The Jews therefore quarrelled one with another, and said, How can he give us Joh_6:52   

47 his body that we may eat it? Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, If ye do not eat the body of the Son of man and drink his blood, ye shall Joh_6:53   

48 not have life in yourselves. Whosoever eateth of my body and drinketh of my blood Joh_6:54   

49 hath eternal life; and I will raise him up in the last day. My body truly is meat,15 and Joh_6:55   

50 my blood truly is drink.16 Whosoever eateth my body and drinketh my blood abideth Joh_6:56   

51 in me, and I in him – as the living Father sent me, and I am alive because of the Joh_6:57   

52 Father; and whosoever eateth me, he also shall live because of me. This is the bread which came down from heaven: and not according as your fathers ate the Joh_6:58   

53 manna, and died: whosoever eateth of this bread shall live for ever. This he said in Joh_6:59   

54 the synagogue, when he was teaching in Capernaum. And many of his disciples, when they heard, said, This word is hard; who is he that can hear it? Joh_6:60  





1 Lit. travelled.

2 Lit. from.

3 Strictly used of severe chronic disease

4 cf. Section 12, 13, and note to Section 8, 1711.

5 The word used at Section 12, 35.

6 Or, revived, i.e., made to live.

7 Lit. on the border of.

8 Or, for the sake of.

9 Sic.

10 Lit. this.

11 Represents a mistaken vocalisation of the Peshitta.

12 Lit. equity; see Section 3, 5311.

13 i.e., therefore see note, Section 9, 217

14 In Ciasca’s text Joh_6:51-71 are cited as Joh_6:52-72. See Introduction, 2051.

15 Or, eaten.

16 Or, drunk.



Section XX.


1 And Jesus knew within himself that his disciples were murmuring because of a Joh_6:61   

2 that, and he said unto them, Doth this trouble you? What if ye should see the Son Joh_6:62   

3 of man then ascend to the place where he was of old? It is the spirit that quickeneth, and the body profiteth nothing: the words1 that I speak unto you are spirit Joh_6:63   

4 and life. But there are some of you that do not believe. And Jesus knew beforehand who they were who should2 not believe, and who it was that should betray Joh_6:64   

5 him. And he said unto them, Therefore I said unto you, No man can come unto me, if that hath not been given him by the Father. Joh_6:65   

6 Arabic p. 78 And because of this word many of his disciples turned back and walked Joh_6:66   

7 not with him. And Jesus said unto the twelve, Do ye haply also wish to Joh_6:67   

8 go away? Simon Cephas answered and said, My Lord, to whom shall we go? thou Joh_6:68   

9 hast the words of eternal life. And we have believed and known that thou art the Joh_6:69   

10 Messiah, the Son of the living God. Jesus said unto them, Did not I choose you, Joh_6:70   

11 ye company of the twelve, and of you one is a devil? He said that because of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot; for he, being of the twelve, was purposed to3 betray him. Joh_6:71   

12 And while he was speaking, one of the Pharisees came asking of him that he Luk_11:37   

13 would eat with him: and he went in, and reclined to meat. And that Pharisee, when Luk_11:38   

14 he saw it,4 marvelled that he had not first cleansed himself before his eating. Jesus said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees wash the outside of the cup and the dish, and ye think that ye are cleansed; but your inside is full of injustice and wickedness. Luk_11:39   

15, 16 Ye of little mind, did not he that made the outside make the inside? Now give what ye have5 in alms, and everything shall be clean unto you. Luk_11:40 Luk_11:41   

17, 18 And there came to him Pharisees and scribes, come from Jerusalem. And when they saw some of his disciples eating bread while they had not washed their hands, Mar_7:1 Mar_7:2:   

19 they found fault. For all of the Jews and the Pharisees, if they wash not their Mar_7:3   

20 hands thoroughly, eat not; for they held6 to the ordinance7 of the elders. And they ate not what was bought from the market, except they washed it; and many other things did they keep of what they had received, such as the washing of cups, and Mar_7:4   

21 measures, and vessels of brass, and couches. And scribes8 and Pharisees asked him, Why do thy disciples not walk according to the ordinances of the elders, but Mar_7:5   

22 Arabic p. 79 eat bread without washing their hands? Jesus answered and said unto them, Why do ye also overstep the command of God by reason of your ordinance? Mat_15:3   

23 God said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whosoever revileth his father and Mat_15:4 Mar_7:10   

24 his mother shall surely die. But ye say, If a man say to his father or to his mother, Mar_7:11   

25 What thou receivest9 from me is an offering, – and ye9 suffer him not to do any- Mar_7:12   

26 thing for his father or his mother; and ye9 make void and reject the word of God by reason of the ordinance that ye have ordained and commanded, such as the wash- Mar_7:13   

27 ing of cups and measures, and what resembles that ye do much. And ye forsook Mar_7:8   

28 the command of God, and held to the ordinance of men. Do10 ye well to wrong11 Mar_7:9   

29 the command of God in order that ye may establish your ordinance? Ye hypocrites, well did Isaiah the prophet prophesy concerning you, and say, Mat_15:7   

30 This people honoureth me with its12 lips; But their heart is very far from me. Mat_15:8   

31 But in vain do they fear me, In that they teach the commands of men. Mat_15:9   

32 And Jesus called all the multitude, and said unto them. Hear me, all of you, and Mar_7:14   

33 understand: nothing without the man, which then enters him, is able to defile him; Mar_7:15   

34 but what goeth out of him, that it is which defileth the man. He that hath ears Mar_7:16   

35 that hear, let him hear. Then his disciples drew near, and said unto him, Knowest Mat_15:12   

36 thou that the Pharisees which heard this word were angry? He answered and said unto them, Every plant which my Father which is in heaven planted not shall be Mat_15:13   

37 Arabic p. 80 uprooted. Let them alone; for they are blind leading blind. And if the blind lead13 the blind, both of them shall fall into a hollow. Mat_15:14   

38 And when Jesus entered the house from the multitude, Simon Cephas asked him, Mar_7:17 Mat_15:15   

39 and said unto him, My Lord, explain to us that parable. He said unto them, Do ye also thus not understand? Know ye not that everything that entereth into the Mar_7:18   

40 man from without cannot defile him; because it entereth not into his heart; it entereth into his stomach only, and thence is cast forth in the cleansing which maketh Mar_7:19   

41 clean all the food?14 The thing which goeth forth from the mouth of the man pro- Mat_15:18   

42 ceedeth from his heart, and it is that which defileth the man. From within15 the Mar_7:21   

43 heart of men proceed evil thoughts, fornication, adultery, theft, false witness, murder, injustice, wickedness, deceit, stupidity, evil eye, calumny, pride, foolishness: Mar_7:22   

44 these evils all of them from within proceed from the heart, and they are the things Mar_7:23   

45 which defile the man: but if a man eat while he washeth not his hands, he is not defiled. Mat_15:20   

46 And Jesus went out thence, and came to the borders of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered into a certain house, and desired that no man should know it;16 and Mat_15:21 Mar_7:24   

47 he could not be hid. But straightway a Canaanitish woman, whose daughter had an Mar_7:25   

48, 49 unclean spirit, heard of him. And that woman was a Gentile of Emesa of Syria. And she came out after him, crying out, and saying, Have mercy upon me, my Lord, thou Mar_7:26 Mat_15:22   

50 Arabic p. 81 son of David; for my daughter is seized in an evil way by Satan.17 And he answered Arabic. Her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, and said, Send Mat_15:23   

51 her away: for she crieth after us. He answered and said unto them, I was Mat_15:24   

52 not sent except to the sheep that are gone astray of the house of Israel. But she came and worshipped him, and said, My Lord, help me, have mercy upon me. Mat_15:25   

53 Jesus said unto her, It is not seemly that the children’s bread should be taken and Mat_15:26   

54 thrown to the dogs. But she said, Yea, my Lord: the dogs also eat of the crumbs Mat_15:27   

55 that fall from their masters’ tables, and live. Then said Jesus unto her, O woman, Mat_15:28   

56 great is thy faith: it shall be unto thee as thou hast desired. Go then thy way; and Mar_7:29   

57 because of this word, the devil is gone out of thy daughter. And her daughter was Mat_15:28   

58 healed in that hour. And that woman went away to her house, and found her daughter laid upon the bed, and the devil gone out of her. Mar_7:30  





1 Lit. speech.

2 Or, did.

3 Or, was to.

4 Or, him.

5 cf. Peshitta.

6 i.e., were holding.

7 Or, custom, tradition; and so wherever the word occurs.

8 Sic.

9 The printed Arabic text has he receiveth and they, resulting from a misplacement of diacritical points by an Arabic copyist.

10 Here begins Joh_6:9 in Greek.

11 The Syriac word for injure also means reject, deny.

12 Sic.

13 The Arabic word here is used with a Syriac meaning.

14 This clause in the Peshitta is not very clear, and the Arabic version fails to get from it the meaning of the Greek.

15 Or, From within, from.

16 Or, about him.

17 Or, the devil.



Section XXI.


1 And Jesus went out again from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came to the Mar_7:31   

2 sea of Galilee, towards the borders of Decapolis. And they brought unto him one dumb and deaf, and entreated him that he would lay his hand upon him and heal Mar_7:32   

3 him. And he drew him away from the multitude, and went away alone, and spat Mar_7:33   

4 upon his fingers, and thrust them into his ears, and touched his tongue; and looked Mar_7:34   

5 to heaven, and sighed, and said unto him, Be opened. And in that hour his ears Mar_7:35   

6 were opened, and the bond of his tongue was loosed, and he spake with ease. And Jesus charged them much that they should not tell this to any man: but the more Mar_7:36   

7 Arabic p. 82 he charged them, the more they increased in publishing, and marvelled much, and said, This man doeth everything well: he made the deaf to hear, and those that lacked speech to speak. Mar_7:37   

8, 9 And while he was passing through the land of Samaria, he came to one of the cities of the Samaritans, called Sychar, beside the field which Jacob gave to Joseph to Joh_4:4 Joh_4:5   

10 his son. And there was there a spring of water of Jacob’s. And Jesus was fatigued from the exertion of the way, and sat at the spring. And the time was about the Joh_4:6   

11 sixth hour.1 And a woman of Samaria came to draw water; and Jesus said unto Joh_4:7   

12 her, Give me water, that I may drink. And His disciples had entered into the city Joh_4:8   

13 to buy for themselves food. And that Samaritan woman said unto him, How dost thou, being a Jew, ask me to give thee to drink, while I am a Samaritan woman? Joh_4:9   

14 (And the Jews mingle not with the Samaritans.2) Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who this is that said unto thee, Give me Joh_4:10   

15 to drink; thou wouldest ask him, and he would give thee the water of life. That woman said unto him, My Lord, thou hast no bucket, and the well is deep: from Joh_4:11   

16 whence hast thou the water of life? Can it be that thou art greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well, and drank from it, and his children, and his sheep? Joh_4:12   

17 Jesus answered and said unto her, Every one that drinketh of this water shall thirst Joh_4:13   

18 again: but whosoever drinketh of the water which I shall give him shall not thirst for ever: but the water which I shall give him shall be in him a spring of water springing Joh_4:14   

19 up unto eternal life. That woman said unto him, My Lord, give me of this water, that Joh_4:15   

20 I may not thirst again, neither come and draw water from here. Jesus said unto her, Joh_4:16   

21 Arabic p. 83 Go and call thy husband, and come hither. She said unto him, I have no Joh_4:17   

22 husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou saidst well, I have no husband: five husbands hast thou had, and this man whom thou hast now is not thy husband; and Joh_4:18   

23 in this thou saidst truly. That woman said unto him, My Lord, I perceive thee to Joh_4:19   

24 be a prophet. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say that in Jeru- Joh_4:20   

25 salem is the place in which worship must be. Jesus said unto her, Woman, believe me, an hour cometh, when neither in this mountain, nor yet in Jerusalem, shall ye wor- Joh_4:21   

26 ship the Father. Ye worship that which ye know not: but we worship that which Joh_4:22   

27 we know: for salvation is of the Jews. But an hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth: and the Father also Joh_4:23   

28 seeketh such as these worshippers. For God is a Spirit: and they that worship him Joh_4:24   

29 must worship him in spirit and in truth. That woman said unto him, I know that Joh_4:25   

30 the Messiah cometh: and when he is come, he will teach us everything. Jesus said unto her, I that speak unto thee am he. Joh_4:26   

31 And while he was speaking, his disciples came; and they wondered how he would speak3 with a woman; but not one of them said unto him, What seekest thou? or, Joh_4:27   

32 What4 speakest thou with her? And the woman left her waterpot, and went to the Joh_4:28   

33 city, and said to the people, Come, and see a man who told me all that ever I did: Joh_4:29   

34 perhaps then he is the Messiah. And people went out from the city, and came to Joh_4:30   

35 him. And in the mean while his disciples besought him, and said unto him, Our Joh_4:31   

36, 37 master, eat. And he said unto them, I have food to eat that ye know not. And the disciples said amongst themselves, Can any one have brought him aught to eat?5 Joh_4:32 Joh_4:33   

38 Jesus said unto them, My food is to do the will of him that sent me, and to accom- Joh_4:34   

39 Arabic p. 84 plish his work. Said ye not that after four months cometh the harvest? behold, I therefore say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and behold the lands, Joh_4:35   

40 that they have become white, and the harvest is already come.6 And he that reapeth receiveth his wages, and gathereth the fruit of eternal life;7 and the sower and Joh_4:36   

41 the reaper rejoice together. For in this is found the word of truth, One soweth, and Joh_4:37   

42 another reapeth. And I sent you to reap that in which ye have not laboured: others laboured, and ye have entered on their labour. Joh_4:38   

43 And from that city many of the Samaritans believed in him because of the words Joh_4:39   

44 of that woman, who testified and said, He told me all that ever I did. And when those Samaritans came unto him, they besought him to abide with them; and he Joh_4:40   

45, 46 abode with them two days. And many believed in him because of his word; and they said to that woman, Now not because of thy saying have we believed in him: we have heard and known that this truly is the Messiah, the Saviour of the world. Joh_4:41 Joh_4:42   

47, 48 And after two days Jesus went out thence and departed to Galilee. And Jesus Joh_4:43 Joh_4:44   

49 testified that a prophet is not honoured in his own city. And when he came to Galilee, the Galilæans received him. Joh_4:45  





1 Lit. six hours cf. Syr.

2 For the form cf. see Section 34, 40.

3 Or, was speaking.

4 But see note to Section 7, 3811.

5 The text is uncertain.

6 Or, come beforehand.

7 So in the Arabic, contrary to the usual practice of this writer, cf. Section 6, 19.