The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.) ss 22 -28

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XXII.

1 And when Jesus came to a certain village, there drew near to him a leper, and fell at his feet, and besought him, and said unto him, If thou wilt, thou art able to Luk_5:12    

2 cleanse me. And Jesus had mercy upon him, and stretched forth his hand, and Mar_1:41   

3 touched him, and said, I will cleanse1 thee. And immediately his leprosy departed Mar_1:42   

4 from him, and he was cleansed. And he sternly charged him, and sent him out, Mar_1:43   

5 Arabic p. 85 and said unto him, See that thou tell not any man: but go and shew thy- self to the priests, and offer an offering for thy cleansing as Moses com- Mar_1:44   

6 manded for their testimony. But he, when he went out, began to publish much, and spread abroad the news, so that Jesus could not enter into any of the cities openly, for the extent to which the report of him spread, but he remained without in a des- Mar_1:45   

7 ert place. And much people came unto him from one place and another,2 to hear Luk_5:15   

8 his word, and that they might be healed of their pains. And he used to withdraw from them into the desert, and pray. Luk_5:16   

9 And after that, was the feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Joh_5:1   

10 And there was in Jerusalem a place prepared for bathing,3 which was called in Joh_5:2   

11 Hebrew the House of Mercy, having five porches. And there were laid in them much people of the sick, and blind, and lame, and paralysed, waiting for the mov- Joh_5:3   

12 ing of the water. And the angel from time to time went down into the place of bathing,3 and moved the water; and the first that went down after the moving of Joh_5:4   

13 the water, every pain that he had was healed. And a man was there who had a Joh_5:5   

14 disease for thirty-eight years. And Jesus saw this man laid, and knew4 that he had Joh_5:6   

15 been thus a long time; and he said unto him, Wouldest thou be made whole? That diseased one answered and said, Yea, my Lord, I have no man, when the water moveth, to put me into the bathing-place; but when I come, another goeth down before Joh_5:7   

16, 17 me. Jesus said unto him, Rise, take thy bed, and walk And immediately that man was healed; and he rose, and carried his bed, and walked. Joh_5:8 Joh_5:9   

18 And that day was a sabbath. And when the Jews saw that healed one, they5 said Joh_5:10   

19 unto him, It is a sabbath: thou hast no authority to carry thy bed. And he answered and said unto them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take thy bed, Joh_5:11   

20 Arabic p. 86 and walk They asked him therefore, Who is this man that said unto thee, Joh_5:12   

21 Take thy bed, and walk? But he that was healed knew not who it was; for Jesus had removed from that place to another, because of the press of the great mul- Joh_5:13   

22 titude which was in that place. And after two days Jesus happened upon him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art whole: sin not again, lest there come upon Joh_5:14   

23 thee what is worse than the first. And that man went, and said to the Jews that it Joh_5:15   

24 was Jesus that had healed him. And because of that the Jews persecuted Jesus and Joh_5:16   

25 sought to kill him, because he was doing this on the sabbath. And Jesus said unto Joh_5:17   

26 them, My Father worketh until now, and I also work. And because of this especially the Jews sought to kill him, not because he profaned the sabbath only; but for his saying also that God was his Father, and his making himself equal with God. Joh_5:18   

27 Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son cannot do anything of himself, but what be seeth the Father do; what the Father doeth, Joh_5:19   

28 that the Son also doeth like him. The Father loveth his Son, and everything that he doeth he sheweth him: and more than these works will he shew him, that ye Joh_5:20   

29 may marvel. And as the Father raiseth the dead and giveth them life, so the Son Joh_5:21   

30 also giveth life to whomsoever he will. And the Father judgeth no man, but hath Joh_5:22   

31 given all judgement unto the Son; that every man may honour the Son, as he honoureth the Father. And he that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which Joh_5:23   

32 sent him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever heareth my word, and believeth in him that sent me, hath eternal life, and cometh not into judgement, but passeth from Joh_5:24   

33 Arabic p. 87 death unto life. Verily, verily, I say unto you, An hour shall come, and now is also, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God; and those Joh_5:25   

34 which hear shall live. And as the Father hath life in himself,6 likewise he gave to Joh_5:26   

35 the Son also that he might have life in himself,6 and authority to do judgement also, Joh_5:27   

36 because7 he is the Son of man. Marvel not then at that: I mean the coming of the hour when all that are in the tombs shall hear his voice, and shall come forth: Joh_5:28   

37 those that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those that have done evil deeds, to the resurrection of judgement. Joh_5:29   

38 I am not able of myself to do anything; but as I hear, I judge: and my judge- Joh_5:30   

39 ment is just; I seek not my own will, but the will of him that sent me. I8 bear wit- Joh_5:31   

40 ness of myself, and so a my witness is not true. It is another that beareth witness Joh_5:32   

41 of me; and I know that the witness which he beareth of me is true. Ye have sent Joh_5:33   

42 unto John, and he hath borne witness of the truth. But not from man do I seek Joh_5:34   

43 witness; but I say that ye may live.9 That10 was a lamp which shineth and Joh_5:35   

44 giveth light: and ye were pleased to glory now11 in his light. But I have witness greater than that of John: the works which my Father hath given me to accomplish, Joh_5:36   

45 those works which I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. And the Father which sent me, he hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his Joh_5:37   

46 voice at any time, nor seen his appearance. And his word abideth not in you; because Joh_5:38   

47 in him whom he hath sent ye do not believe. Search the scriptures, in which ye rejoice12 Joh_5:39   

48 that ye have eternal life; and they bear witness of me; and ye do not wish to come to Joh_5:40   

49, 50 Arabic p. 88 me, that ye may have eternal life. I seek not praise of men. But I know Joh_5:41 Joh_5:42   

51 you, that the love of God is not in you. I am come in the name of my Father, and ye received me not; but if another come in his own name, that one will Joh_5:43   

52 ye receive. And how can ye believe, while ye receive praise one from another, and Joh_5:44   

53 praise from God, the One, ye seek not? Can it be that ye think that I will accuse you before the Father? Ye have one that accuseth you, Moses, in whom ye have Joh_5:45   

54 rejoiced.12 If ye believed Moses, ye would believe me also; Moses wrote of me. Joh_5:46   

55 And if ye believed not his writings, how shall ye believe my words? Joh_5:47  





1 Lit. to cleanse.

2 This phrase does not occur in the Syriac versions, Cur. Wanting, but is obviously a Syriac construction.

3 Or, baptism. The phrase almost exactly reproduces the Syriac versions.

4 Or, learned.

5 The Vatican ms. has he.

6 Borgian ms. reads his person.

7 Lit. that; or, Verily.

8 So Ciasca’s Arabic text. Borgian ms. has If I, and instead of and so, etc., simply a witness which is not true, etc.; but its text of the next sentence is quite corrupt.

9 Or, saved.

10 Or, that man.

11 Were it not also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text we should assume now to be a corruption of an original Arabic reading, for a season cf. Syr.

12 This word often used by our translator means in Syriac transposed believe, think, hope cf. Section 8, 85.



Section XXIII.


1 And Jesus departed thence, and came to the side of the sea of Galilee, and went Mat_15:29   

2 up into the mountain, and sat there. And there came unto him great multitudes, having with them lame, and blind, and dumb, and maimed, and many others, and Mat_15:30   

3 they cast them at the feet of Jesus: for they had seen all the signs which he did in Joh_4:45   

4 Jerusalem, when they were gathered at the feast. And he healed them all. And those multitudes marvelled when they saw dumb men speak, and maimed men healed, and lame men walk, and blind men see; and they praised the God of Israel. Mat_15:30 Mat_15:31   

5 And Jesus called his disciples, and said unto them, I have compassion on this multitude, because of their continuing with me three days, having nothing to eat; and to send them away fasting I am not willing, lest they faint in the way, some of them hay- Mat_15:32 Mar_8:3   

6 Arabic p. 89 ing come from far. His disciples said unto him, Whence have we in the des- Mat_15:33   

7 ert bread wherewith to satisfy all this multitude? Jesus said unto them, How Mat_15:34   

8 many loaves have ye? They said unto him, Seven, and a few small fishes. And he Mat_15:35   

9 commanded the multitudes to sit down upon the ground; and he took those seven loaves and the fish, and blessed, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before Mat_15:36   

10 them; and the disciples set before the multitudes. And they all ate, and were satisfied: and they took that which remained over of the fragments, seven basketfuls. Mat_15:37   

11 And the people that ate were four thousand men, besides the women and children. Mat_15:38   

12 And when the multitudes departed, he went up into the boat, and came to the borders of Magada.1 Mat_15:39   

13 And the Pharisees and Sadducees came to him, and began to seek a discussion with him. And they asked him to shew them a sign from heaven, tempting him. Mat_16:1 Mar_8:11   

14 And Jesus sighed within himself, and said, What sign seeketh this evil and adulterous generation? It seeketh a sign, and it shall not be given a sign, except the sign Mar_8:12 Mat_16:4   

15 of Jonah the prophet. Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not be given a Mar_8:12   

16 sign. And he left2 them, and went up into the boat, and went away to that side. Mar_8:13   

17 And his disciples forgot to take with them bread, and there was not with them Mar_8:14   

18 in the boat, not even3 one loaf. And Jesus charged them, and said, Take heed, and guard yourselves from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and from the Mar_8:15   

19 leaven of Herod. And they reflected within themselves that they had taken with them Mat_16:7   

20 no bread. And Jesus knew, and said unto them, Why4 think ye within yourselves, O ye of little faith, and are anxious, because ye have no bread? until now do ye not per- Mat_16:8 Mar_8:17   

21 ceive, neither understand? is your heart yet hard? And have ye eyes, and yet see not? Mar_8:18   

22 Arabic p. 90 and have ye ears, and yet hear not? and do ye not remember when I brake those five loaves for five thousand? and how many baskets full of broken Mar_8:19   

23 pieces took ye5 up? They said, Twelve. He said unto them, And the seven also for four thousand: how many baskets full of broken pieces took ye5 up? They Mar_8:20   

24 said, Seven. He said unto them, How have ye not understood that I spake not to you because of6 the bread, but that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees Mar_8:21 Mat_16:11   

25 and Sadducees? Then they understood that he spake, not that they should beware of the leaven of the bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees, which he called leaven. Mat_16:12   

26 And after that, he came to Bethsaida. And they brought to him a certain7 blind Mar_8:22   

27 man, and besought him that he would touch him. And he took the hand of that blind man, and led him out without the village, and spat in his eyes, and laid his Mar_8:23   

28 hand on him,8 and asked him, What seest thou? And that blind man looked intently, Mar_8:24   

29 and said unto him, I see men as trees walking. And he placed his hand Mar_8:25   

30 again on his eyes; and they were restored,9 and he saw everything clearly. And he sent him to his house, and said, Do not enter even into the village, nor tell any man in the village. Mar_8:26   

31 And Jesus went forth, and his disciples, to the villages of Cæsarea Philippi. Mar_8:27   

32 And while he was going in the way, and his disciples alone,10 he asked his disciples, Mat_16:13   

33 and said, What do men say of me that I am, the Son of man?11 They said unto him, Some say, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the Mat_16:14   

34, 35 prophets. He said unto them, And ye, what say ye that I am? Simon Cephas answered Mat_16:15 Mat_16:16   

36 Arabic p. 91 and said, Thou art the Messiah, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon son of Jonah: flesh and Mat_16:17   

37 blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say unto thee also, that thou art Cephas,12 and on this rock will I build my church; and the Mat_16:18   

38 gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. To thee will I give the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and Mat_16:19   

39 whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. And he sternly charged his disciples, and warned them that they should not tell any man concerning Mat_16:20   

40 him, that he was the Messiah. And henceforth began Jesus to shew to his disciples Mat_16:21   

41 that he was determined13 to go to Jerusalem, and suffer much, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and of the scribes, and be killed, and on the Mar_8:31   

42 third day rise. And he was speaking14 plainly. And Simon Cephas, as one grieved Mar_8:32 Mat_16:22   

43 for him, said, Far be thou, my Lord, from that. And he turned, and looked upon Mar_8:33   

44 his disciples, and rebuked Simon, and said, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou art a stumblingblock unto me: for thou thinkest not of what pertains to God, but of what pertains to men. Mat_16:23   

45 And Jesus called the multitudes with his disciples, and said unto them, Whosoever would come after me, let him deny himself, and take his cross every day, and Mar_8:34 Luk_9:23   

46 come after me. And whosoever would save his life shall lose it; and whosoever Mar_8:35   

47 loseth his life for my sake, and for the sake of my gospel, shall save it. What shall Luk_9:25   

48 a man profit, if he gain all the world, and destroy15 his own life,16 or lose it? or what Mar_8:37   

49 Arabic p. 92 will a man give in ransom for his life?16 Whosoever shall deny me and my sayings in this sinful and adulterous generation, the Son of man also will Mar_8:38   

50 deny him, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with his holy angels. For the Son of man is about to17 come in the glory of his Father with his holy angels; and then shall he reward each man according to his works. Mat_16:27  





1 Arabic Magadu, as in Peshitta.

2 cf. Section 21, 324.

3 The change of a single letter in the Arabic would turn not even into except; but Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text also has not even.

4 Lit. What. See note to Section 7, 3811.

5 Or,  ye took.

6 Or, concerning.

7 Lit. one, probably representing Syriac idiom cf. Sinaitic?

8 The Peshitta also omits on him.

9 A intransitive word.

10 Or, his disciples being alone. There is no such clause in the Syriac versions Pesh., Sin..

11 The Arabic, which reappears in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text, and seems to represent the consonantal text of the Peshitta, is awkward. Section 23, 34 Arabic, shows, however, that the rendering given in the text in the meaning intended by the translator.

12 Same Arabic word in both places. See note to Section 5, 114.

13 The word is freely used in this work in the post-classical sense of about to.

14 The Arabic might perhaps be construed and to speak, depending on began in Section 23, 40; but the clause agrees with the Sinaitic of Mark, as does the following.

15 Or, lose.

16 Or, self; or, soul.

17 See Section 23, 406.



Section XXIV.


1 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There be here now some standing that shall not taste death, until they see the kingdom of God come1 with strength, and the Son of man who cometh in his kingdom. Mar_9:1 Mat_16:28   

2 And after six days Jesus took Simon Cephas, and James, and John his brother, Mat_7:1   

3 and brought them up into a high mountain, the three of them only. And while they Luk_9:29   

4 were praying, Jesus changed, and became after the fashion of another person; and his face shone like the sun, and his raiment was very white like the snow, and as Mat_17:2 Luk_9:29   

5 the light of lightning, so that nothing on earth can whiten2 like it. And there appeared Mar_9:3 Mar_9:4   

6 unto him Moses and Elijah talking to Jesus. And they thought that the time Luk_9:31   

7 of his decease which was to be accomplished at Jerusalem was come. And Simon and those that were with him were heavy in the drowsiness of steep; and with effort they roused themselves, and saw his glory, and those two men that were standing with him. Luk_9:32   

8 Arabic p. 93 And when they began to depart from him, Simon said unto Jesus, My Luk_9:33   

9 Master, it is good for us to be here: and if thou wilt, we will make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah; not knowing Mat_17:4 Luk_9:33   

10 what he said, because of the fear which took possession of them. And while he Mar_9:6 Mat_17:5   

11 was yet saying that, a bright cloud overshadowed them. And when they saw Moses Luk_9:34   

12 and Elijah that they had entered into that cloud, they feared again. And a voice was heard out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, whom I have chosen; Mat_17:5   

13 hear ye therefore him. And when this voice was heard, Jesus was found alone. Luk_9:36   

14 And the disciples, when they heard the voice, fell on their faces from the fear which Mat_17:6   

15 took hold of them. And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise, be not Mat_17:7   

16 afraid. And they lifted up their eyes, and saw Jesus as he was. Mat_17:8   

17 And when they went down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, and said unto them, Tell not what ye have seen to any man, until the Son of man rise from Mat_17:9   

18 among the dead. And they kept the word within themselves, and told no man in Mar_9:10 Luk_9:36   

19 those days what they had seen. And they reflected among themselves, What is this Mar_9:10   

20 word which he spake unto us, I, when I am risen from among the dead? And his disciples asked him, and said, What is that which the scribes say, then, that Elijah Mar_9:11 Mat_17:10   

21 Arabic p. 94 must first come? He said unto them, Elijah cometh first to set in order everything, and as it was written of the Son of man, that he should suffer many things, Mar_9:12   

22 and be rejected. But I say unto you, that Elijah is come, and they knew him not, and have done unto him whatsoever they desired, as it was written of him. Mar_9:13   

23, 24 In like manner the Son of man is to suffer of them. Then understood the disciples that he spake unto them concerning John the Baptist. Mat_17:12 Mat_17:13   

25 And on that day whereon they came down from the mountain, there met him a multitude of many people standing with his disciples, and the scribes were discuss- Mar_9:14   

26 ing with them. And the people, when they saw Jesus, were perplexed,3 and in the Mar_9:15   

27 midst of their joy hastened4 and saluted him. And on that day came certain of the Pharisees, and said unto him, Get thee out, and go hence; for Herod seeketh Luk_13:31   

28 to kill thee. Jesus said unto them, Go ye and say to this fox, Behold, I am casting out demons, and I heal to-day and to-morrow, and on the third day I am perfected. Luk_13:32   

29 Nevertheless I must be watchful5 to-day and to-morrow, and on the last day I shall depart; for it cannot be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem. Luk_13:33   

30 And after that, there came to him a man from that multitude, and fell upon his knees, and said unto him, I beseech thee, my Lord, look upon my son; he is my Luk_9:38 Mat_17:14 Luk_9:38   

31 only child: and the spirit cometh upon him suddenly. A lunacy6 hath come upon Luk_9:39 Mat_17:15   

32 him, and he meeteth with evils. And when it cometh upon him, it beateth him about;7 Mar_9:18   

33 and he foameth, and gnasheth his teeth, and wasteth;8 and many times it hath thrown him into the water and into the fire to destroy him, and it hardly leaveth him after Mat_17:15 Luk_9:39   

34 Arabic p. 95 bruising him. And I brought him near to thy disciples, and they could Mat_17:16   

35 not heal him. Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, till when shall I be with you? and till when shall I bear with you? bring thy son Mat_17:17   

36 hither. And he brought him unto him: and when the spirit saw him, immediately Mar_9:20   

37 it beat him about; and he fell upon the ground, and was raging and foaming. And Jesus asked his father, How long is the time during which he hath been thus? He Mar_9:21   

38 said unto him, From his youth until now. But, my Lord, help me wherein thou Mar_9:22   

39 canst, and have mercy upon me. Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe! All Mar_9:23   

40 things are possible to him that believeth. And immediately the father of the child Mar_9:24   

41 cried out, weeping, and said, I believe, my Lord; help my lack of faith. And when Jesus saw the hastening of the people, and their coming at the sound, he rebuked that unclean spirit, and said to it, Thou dumb9 spirit that speakest not, I command Mar_9:25   

42 thee,10 come out of him, and enter not again into him. And that spirit, devil,11 cried out much, and bruised him, and came out; and that child fell as one dead, and Mar_9:26   

43 many thought that he had died. But Jesus took him by his hand, and raised him Mar_9:27 Luk_9:42   

44 up, and gave him to his father; and that child was healed from that hour. And the people all marvelled at the greatness of God. Mat_17:18 Luk_9:43   

45 And when Jesus entered into the house, his disciples came, and asked him Mar_9:28   

46 Arabic p. 96 privately,12 and said unto him, Why were we not able to heal him? Jesus said unto Arabic. Them, Because of your unbelief. Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say to this mountain, Remove hence; Mat_17:20   

47 and it shall remove; and nothing shall overcome you. But it is impossible to cast out this kind by anything except by fasting and prayer. Mar_9:29   

48 And when he went forth thence, they passed through Galilee: and he would not Mar_9:30   

49 that any man should know it.13 And he taught his disciples, and said unto them, Mar_9:31   

50 Keep ye these sayings in your ears and your hearts: for the Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and when he is killed, he Luk_9:44 Mar_9:31   

51 shall rise on the third day. But they knew not the word which he spake unto them, for it was concealed from them, that they should not perceive it; and they feared to Luk_9:45   

52 ask him about this word. And they were exceeding sorrowful. Mat_17:23  





1 i.e., already come.

2 Or, become white. In the Peshitta. The verb is transitive. In Sin. the clause is omitted.

3 This rendering assumes that the diacritical point is due to a clerical error. The text as printed can hardly be translated without forcing.

4 This Arabic word repeatedly represents a Syriac ran cf. Section 53, 11. A different word is so used in Section 26, 21.

5 The Syriac word used in the Peshitta is here translated just as it was translated in Section 1 7916; but the Greek shows that in the present passage the Syriac word means go about cf. Cur.

6 Lit. The son-of-the-roof, a Syriac phrase meaning a demon of lunacy.

7 A word used in Arabic of the devil producing insanity; but here it reproduces the Peshitta.

8 Lit. becometh light; but a comparison with the Peshitta suggests that we should change one diacritical point and read withereth, as in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. An equally easy emendation would be wasteth.

9 In Syriac but not in Arabic, the word means deaf or dumb, according to the context.

10 Ciasca’s Arabic follows Vatican ms. in inserting that pronoun after thee.

11 Doubtless alternative renderings of the same Syriac word demon.

12 Lit. between themselves and him.

13 Or, about him.



Section XXV.


1 And in that day this thought presented itself to his disciples, and they said, which Luk_9:46   

2 haply should be the greatest among them.1 And when they came to Capernaum, and entered into the house, Jesus said unto them, What were ye considering in the Mar_9:33   

3 way among yourselves? And they were silent because they had considered that matter. Mar_9:34   

4 And when Simon went forth without, those that received two dirhams for the tribute came to Cephas, and said unto him, Doth your master not give his two Mat_17:24   

5 dirhams? He said unto them, Yea. And when Cephas entered the house, Jesus anticipated him, and said unto him, What thinkest thou, Simon? the kings of the earth, from whom do they receive custom and tribute? from their sons, or from Mat_17:25   

6 Arabic p. 97 strangers? Simon said unto him, From strangers. Jesus said unto him, Children then are free. Simon said unto him, Yea. Jesus said unto him, Mat_17:26   

7 Give thou also unto them, like the stranger. But, lest it trouble them, go thou to the sea, and cast a hook; and the first fish that cometh up, open its mouth, and thou shall find a stater: take therefore that, and give for me and thee. Mat_17:27   

8 And in that hour came the disciples to Jesus, and said unto him, Who, thinkest Mat_18:1   

9 thou, is greater in the kingdom of heaven? And Jesus knew the thought of their heart, and called a2 child, and set him in the midst, and took him in his arms, and Luk_9:47 Mar_9:36   

10 said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye do not return, and become as children, Mat_18:3   

11 ye shall not enter the kingdom of heaven. Every one that shall receive in my name such as this child hath received me: and whosoever receiveth me receiveth Luk_9:48 Mar_9:37   

12 not me, but him that sent me. And he who is little in your company,3 the same Luk_9:48   

13 shall be great. But whosoever shall injure one of these little ones that believe in me, it were better for him that a great millstone4 should be hanged about his neck, and he should be drowned in the depths of the sea. Mat_18:6   

14 John answered and said, Our Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name; Luk_9:49   

15 and we prevented him, because he followed not thee with us. Jesus said unto them, Prevent him not; for no man doeth powers in my name, and can hasten to speak evil Mar_9:39   

16, 17 Arabic p. 98 of me. Every one who is not in opposition to you is with you. Woe unto the world because of trials!5 but woe unto that man by whose hand the trials come Luk_9:50 Mat_18:7, Mat_18:7   

18 If thy hand or thy foot injure thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee; for it is better for thee to enter into life being halt or maimed, and not that thou shouldest have two hands or two feet, and fall into the hell of fire that burneth6 for ever; Mat_18:8   

19, 20 where their worm dieth not, and their fire is not quenched. And if thine eye seduce7 Mar_9:44 Mat_18:9   

21 thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee; for it is better for thee to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than that thou shouldest have two eyes, and fall into the Mar_9:47   

22, 23 fire of Gehenna; where their worm dieth not, and their fire is not quenched. Every Mar_9:48 Mar_9:49   

24 one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt. How good Mar_9:50   

25 is salt! But if the salt also be tasteless, wherewith shall it be salted? It is fit neither for the land nor for dung, but they cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him Luk_14:34 Luk_14:35   

26 hear. Have ye salt in yourselves, and be in peace one with another. Mar_9:50   

27 And he arose from thence, and came to the borders of Judæa beyond Jordan: and there went unto him thither great multitudes, and he healed them; and he taught Mar_10:1   

28 them also, according to his custom. And the Pharisees came unto him, tempting Mar_10:2   

29 him, and asking him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? He said, What Mar_10:3   

30 did Moses command you? They said, Moses made it allowable for us, saying, Who- Mar_10:4   

31 soever will, let him write a writing of divorcement, and put away his wife. Jesus answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, He that made them from the beginning Mar_10:5 Mat_19:4   

32 Arabic p. 99 made them male and female, and said, For this reason shall the man leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they both shall be one body? Mat_19:5   

33 So then they are not twain, but one body; the thing, then, which God hath Mat_19:6   

34 joined together, let no man put asunder. And those Pharisees said unto him, Why did Moses consent8 that a man should give a writing of divorcement and put her away? Mat_19:7   

35 Jesus said unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts gave you leave Mat_19:8   

36 to divorce your wives; but in the beginning it was not so. I say unto you, Whosoever putteth away9 his wife without fornication, and marrieth another, hath exposed Mat_19:9   

37 her to adultery. And his disciples, when he entered the house, asked him again Mar_10:10   

38 about that. And he said unto them, Every one who putteth away his wife, and Mar_10:11   

39 marrieth another, hath exposed her to adultery. And any woman that leaveth her husband, and becometh another’s, hath committed adultery. And whosoever mar- Mar_10:12 Mat_19:9   

40 rieth her that is divorced hath committed adultery. And his disciples said unto him, If there be between the man and the woman such a case10 as this, it is not good for Mat_19:10   

41 a man to marry. He said unto them, Not every man can endure this saying, except Mat_19:11   

42 him to whom it is given. There are eunuchs which from their mother’s womb11 were born so; and there are eunuchs which through men became eunuchs; and there are eunuchs which made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. He that is able to be content, let him be content. Mat_19:12   

43 Then they brought to him children, that he should lay his hand upon them, and Mat_19:13   

44 Arabic p. 100 pray: and his disciples were rebuking those that were bringing them. And Jesus saw, and it was distressing to him; and he said unto them, Suffer the children to come unto me, and prevent them not; for those that are like these have Mar_10:13 Mar_10:14   

45 the kingdom of God. Verily I say unto you, Whosoever receiveth not the Mar_10:15   

46 kingdom of God as this child, shall not enter it. And he took them in his arms, and laid his hand upon them, and blessed them. Mar_10:16  





1 Borgian ms. omits among them.

2 Lit. one Syriac idiom.

3 In the present work this word frequently means synagogue.

4 Lit. millstone of an ass.

5 i.e., experiences that test one; or, seductions. The word is variously used.

6 Or, is kindled.

7 See note to Section 25, 175.

8 So the Arabic; but the Syriac versions follow the Greek, and consent is doubtless a very easy, and, in view of the succeeding context, natural clerical error for an original Arabic charge.

9 Or, leaveth.

10 Lit. blame, a mistranslation found also in the British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary of the Syriac word, which is ambiguous cf. even the Greek. For a somewhat similar case see Section 50, 115.

11 Lit. wombs.



Section XXVI.


1, 2 And there came unto him publicans and sinners to hear his word. And the scribes and the Pharisees murmured, and said, This man receiveth sinners, and Luk_15:1 Luk_15:2   

3 eateth with them. And Jesus, when he beheld their murmuring, spake unto them Luk_15:3   

4 this parable: What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if one of them were lost, would not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go and seek the straying one Luk_15:4   

5 till he found it? Verily I say unto you, When he findeth it, he will rejoice over it Mat_18:13   

6 more than over the ninety-nine that went not astray; and bear it on his shoulders, and bring it to his house, and call his friends and neighbours, and say unto them, Luk_15:5 Luk_15:6   

7 Rejoice with me, since I have found my straying sheep. So your Father which is in heaven willeth1 not that one of these little ones that have strayed should perish, Mat_18:14   

8 and he seeketh for them repentance. I say unto you, Thus there shall be rejoicing in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety-nine righteous persons that do not need repentance. Luk_15:7   

9 And what woman having ten drachmas would lose one of them, and not light a Luk_15:8   

10 lamp, and sweep the house, and seek it with care till she found it; and when she found it, call her friends and neighbours, and say unto them, Rejoice with me, as I Luk_15:9   

11 Arabic p. 101 have found my drachma that was lost? I say unto you, Thus there shall be joy before the angels of God over the one sinner that repenteth, more than over the ninety-nine righteous persons that do not need repentance. Luk_15:10   

12, 13 And Jesus spoke unto them also another parable: A man had two sons: and the younger son said unto him, My father, give me my portion that belongeth to Luk_15:11 Luk_15:12   

14 me of thy goods. And he divided between them his property. And after a few days the younger son gathered everything that belonged to him, and went into a Luk_15:13   

15 far country, and there squandered his property by living prodigally. And when he had exhausted everything he had, there occurred a great dearth in that country. Luk_15:14   

16 And when he was in want, he went and joined himself to one of the people of a city Luk_15:15   

17 of that country; and that man sent him into the field2 to feed the swine. And he used to long to fill his belly with the carob that those swine were eating: and no man Luk_15:16   

18 gave him. And when he returned unto himself, he said, How many hired servants now in my father’s house have bread enough and to spare, while I here perish with Luk_15:17   

19 hunger! I will arise and go to my father’s house, and say unto him, My father, I Luk_15:18   

20 have sinned in heaven and before thee, and am not worthy now to be called thy Luk_15:19   

21 son: make me as one of thy hired servants. And he arose, and came to his father. But his father saw him while he was at a distance, and was moved with compassion Luk_15:20   

22 for him, and ran,3 and fell on his breast,4 and kissed him. And his son said unto him, My father, I have sinned in heaven and before thee, and am not worthy to be Luk_15:21   

23 called thy son. His father said unto his servants, Bring forth a stately robe, and put Luk_15:22   

24 it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and put on him shoes on his feet: and bring and Luk_15:23   

25 slay a fatted ox, that we may eat and make merry: for this my son was dead, and is Luk_15:24   

26 Arabic p. 102 alive; and was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.5 Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and drew near to the house, Luk_15:25   

27 he heard the sound of many singing.6 And he called one of the lads, and asked him Luk_15:26   

28 what this was. He said unto him, Thy brother hath arrived; and thy father hath Luk_15:27   

29 slain a fatted ox, since he hath received him safe and sound.7 And he was angry, Luk_15:28   

30 and would not enter; so his father went out, and besought him to enter. And he said to his father, How many years do I serve thee in bondage, and I never transgressed a commandment of thine; and thou hast never given me a kid, that I might Luk_15:29   

31 make merry with my friends? but this thy son, when he had squandered thy Luk_15:30   

32 property with harlots, and come, thou hast slain for him a fatted ox. His father said unto him, My son, thou art at all times with me, and everything I have is Luk_15:31   

33 thine. It behoveth thee to rejoice and make merry, since this thy brother was dead, and is alive; and was lost, and is found. Luk_15:32   

34 And he spake a parable unto his disciples: There was a rich man, and he had Luk_16:1   

35 a steward; and he was accused to him that he had squandered his property. So his lord called him, and said unto him, What is this that I hear regarding thee? Give me the account of thy stewardship; for it is now impossible that thou shouldest Luk_16:2   

36 be a steward for me. The steward said within himself, What shall I do, seeing that my lord taketh from me the stewardship? To dig I am not able; and to beg8 I Luk_16:3   

37 am ashamed. I know what I will do, that, when I go out of the stewardship, they Luk_16:4   

38 may receive me into their houses. And he called one after another of his lord’s Luk_16:5   

39 debtors, and said to the first, How much owest thou my lord? He said unto him, An hundred portions9 of oil. He said unto him, Take thy writing, and sit down, and write Luk_16:6   

40 quickly fifty portions.9 And he said to the next, And thou, how much owest thou my lord? He said unto him, An hundred cors of wheat. He said unto him, Take Luk_16:7   

41 Arabic p. 103 thy writing, and sit down, and write eighty cors. And our10 lord commended the sinful steward11 because he had done a wise deed; for the children Luk_16:8   

42 of this world are wiser than the children of the light in this their age. And I also say unto you, Make unto yourselves friends with the wealth of this unrighteousness;12 Luk_16:9   

43 so that, when it is exhausted, they may receive you into their tents for ever. He who is faithful in13 a little is faithful also in much: and he who is unrighteous in a Luk_16:10   

44 little is unrighteous also in much. If then in the wealth of unrighteousness ye were Luk_16:11   

45 not trustworthy, who will intrust you with the truth?14 If ye are not found faithful in what does not belong to you, who will give you what belongeth to you? Luk_16:12  





1 Strictly, preferreth, but used also as in the text.

2 This word is regularly used throughout this work in this sense.

3 See Section 24, 263.

4 Did not Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text also read breast, we might assume it to be a clerical error for a very similar less common word same as the Syriac for neck.

5 A different word.

6 cf. Peshitta.

7 One word.

8 Vatican ms. followed by Ciasca’s text has and if I beg, by a common confusion of grammatical forms.

9 Or otherwise vocalised, farks, a measure variously estimated.

10 cf. Peshitta.

11 Lit. steward of sin.

12 Lit. injustice.

13 Or, intrusted with.

14 Or, true wealth; but cf. Syriac.



Section XXVII.


1 Therefore the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king, who would make a Mat_18:23   

2 reckoning with his servants. And when he began to make it, they brought to him Mat_18:24   

3 one who owed him ten talents.1 And because he had not wherewith to pay, his lord ordered that he should be sold, he, and his wife, and children, and all that he Mat_18:25   

4 had, and payment be made. So that servant fell down and worshipped him, and said unto him, My lord, have patience with me, and I shall pay thee everything. Mat_18:26   

5 And the lord of that servant had compassion, and released him, and forgave him his Mat_18:27   

6 Arabic p. 104 debt. And that servant went out, and found one of his fellow-servants, who owed him a hundred pence;2 and he took him, and dealt severely with him, and said Mat_18:28   

7 unto him, Give me what thou owest. So the fellow-servant fell down at his Mat_18:29   

8 feet, and besought him, and said, Grant me respite, and I will pay thee. And he would not; but took him, and cast him into prison, till he should give him his debt. Mat_18:30   

9 And when their fellow-servants saw what happened, it distressed them much; and Mat_18:31   

10 they came and told their lord of all that had taken place. Then his lord called him, and said unto him, Thou wicked servant, all that debt I forgave thee, because Mat_18:32   

11 thou besoughtest me: was it not then incumbent on thee also to have mercy on thy Mat_18:33   

12 fellow-servant, as I had mercy on thee?3 And his lord became wroth, and delivered Mat_18:34   

13 him to the scourgers, till he should pay all that he owed. So shall my Father which is in heaven do unto you, if one forgive not his brother his wrong conduct4 from Mat_18:35   

14 his heart. Take heed within5 yourselves: if thy brother sin, rebuke him; and if he Luk_17:3   

15 repent, forgive him. And if he act wrongly towards thee seven times in a day, and on that day return seven times unto thee, and say, I repent towards thee; forgive him. Luk_17:4   

16 And if thy brother act wrongly towards thee, go and reprove him between thee and Mat_18:15   

17 him alone: if he hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. But if he hear thee not, take with thee one or two, and so6 at the mouth of two or three every saying shall Mat_18:16   

18 be established. And if he listen not to these also, tell the congregation;7 and if he listen not even to the congregation, let him be unto thee as a publican and a Gen- Mat_18:17   

19 tile.8 Verily I say unto you, All that ye bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: Mat_18:18   

20 and what ye loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. I say unto you also, If two of you agree on earth to ask, everything shall9 be granted them from my Father Mat_18:19   

21 Arabic p. 105 which is in heaven. For where two or three are gathered in my name, there Mat_18:20   

22 am I amongst them. Then Cephas drew near to him, and said unto him, My Lord, how many times, if my brother act wrongly towards me, should I forgive him? Mat_18:21   

23 until seven times? Jesus said unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven; but, Until seventy Mat_18:22   

24 times seven, seven.10 And the servant that knoweth his lord’s will, and maketh not Luk_12:47   

25 ready for him according to his will, shall meet with much punishment; but he that knoweth not, and doeth something for which he meriteth punishment, shall meet with slight punishment. Every one to whom much hath been given, much shall be asked of him; and he that hath had much committed to him, much shall be Luk_12:48   

26 required at his hand. I came to cast fire upon the earth; and I would that it had Luk_12:49   

27 been kindled already.11 And I have a baptism to be baptized with, and greatly am Luk_12:50   

28 I straitened till it be accomplished. See that ye despise not12 one of these little ones that believe in me. Verily I say unto you, Their angels at all times see the Mat_18:10   

29 face of my Father which is in heaven. The Son of man came to save the thing which was lost. Mat_18:11   

30 And after that, Jesus walked in Galilee; and he did not like to walk in Judæa, Joh_7:1   

31 because the Jews sought to kill him. And there came people who told him of Luk_13:1   

32 the Galilæans, those whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. Jesus answered and said unto them, Do ye imagine that those Galilæans were sinners Luk_13:2   

33 more than all the Galilæans, so that this thing has come upon them? Nay. Verily I say unto you now,13 that ye shall all also, if ye repent not, likewise perish. Luk_13:3   

34 Or perchance those eighteen on whom the palace fell in Siloam, and slew them, do ye imagine that they were to be condemned14 more than all the people that dwell Luk_13:4   

35 Arabic p. 106 in Jerusalem? Nay. Verily I say unto you, If ye do not all repent, ye shall perish like them. Luk_13:5   

36 And he spake unto them this parable: A man had a fig tree planted in his vine- Luk_13:6   

37 yard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. So he said to the husbandman, Lo, three years do I come and seek fruit on this fig tree, and find Luk_13:7   

38 none: cut it down; why doth it render the ground unoccupied? The husbandman said unto him, My lord, leave it this year also, that I may dig about it, and dung Luk_13:8   

39 it; then if it bear fruit – ! and if not, then cut it down in the coming year. Luk_13:9   

40 And when Jesus was teaching on the sabbath day in one of the synagogues, Luk_13:10   

41 there was there a woman that had a spirit of disease eighteen years; and she was Luk_13:11   

42 bowed down, and could not straighten herself at all. And Jesus saw her, and called Luk_13:12   

43 her, and said unto her, Woman, be loosed from thy disease. And he put his hand Luk_13:13   

44 upon her; and immediately she was straightened, and praised God. And the chief15 of the synagogue answered with anger, because Jesus had healed on a sabbath, and said unto the multitudes, There are six days in which work ought to be done; Luk_13:14   

45 come in them and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. But Jesus answered and said unto him, Ye hypocrites, doth not each of you on the sabbath day loose Luk_13:15   

46 his ox or his ass from the manger, and go and water it? Ought not this woman, who is a daughter of Abraham, and whom the devil16 hath bound eighteen years, Luk_13:16   

47 to be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? And when he said this, they were all put to shame, those standing, who were opposing him:17 and all the people were pleased with all the wonders that proceeded from his hand. Luk_13:17  





1 Lit. badras, an amount variously estimated.

2 Lit. dinars.

3 The interrogative particle is lacking in the Arabic.

4 Or, folly.

5 A very close reproduction of the Syriac.

6 Or, for.

7 This word usually means synagogue in this work.

8 Or, heathen.

9 Or, to ask everything, it shall.

10 So Vatican ms., following the Syriac versions; Borgian ms. has only one seven.

11 Lit beforehand and so often.

12 Or, repeating a letter, See that ye despise not.

13 Borgian ms. omits now.

14 See note, Section 10, 133.

15 Lit. great man.

16 Lit. calumniator.

17 cf. Syriac versions.



Section XXVIII.1


1, 2 Arabic p. 107 And at that time the feast of tabernacles of the Jews drew near. So the brethren of Jesus said unto him, Remove now hence, and go to Judæa, that Joh_7:2 Joh_7:3   

3 thy disciples may see the deeds that thou doest. For no man doeth a thing secretly Joh_7:4   

4 and wisheth to be apparent. If thou doest this, shew thyself to the world. For Joh_7:5   

5 up to this time not even the brethren of Jesus believed on him. Jesus said unto them, My time till now has not arrived; but as for you, your time is alway ready. Joh_7:6   

6 It is not possible for the world to hate you; but me it hateth, for I bear witness Joh_7:7   

7 against it, that its deeds are evil. As for you, go ye up unto this feast: but I go Joh_7:8   

8 not up now to this feast; for my time has not yet been completed. He said this, and remained behind in Galilee. Joh_7:9   

9 But when his brethren went up unto the feast, he journeyed from Galilee, and to Joh_7:10 Mat_19:1   

10 came to the borders of Judæa, to the country beyond Jordan; and there came after Mat_19:2   

11 him great multitudes, and he healed them all there. And he went out, and proceeded Joh_7:10   

12 to the feast, not openly, but as one that conceals himself. And the Jews sought him Joh_7:11   

13 at the feast, and said, In what place is this man? And there occurred much murmuring there in the great multitude that came to the feast, on his account. For Joh_7:12   

14 some said, He is good: and others said, Nay, but he leadeth the people astray. But no man spake of him openly for fear of the Jews. Joh_7:13   

15 Arabic p. 108 But when the days of the feast of tabernacles were half over, Jesus went Joh_7:14   

16 up to the temple, and taught. And the Jews wondered, and said, How doth Joh_7:15   

17 this man know writing,2 seeing he hath not learned? Jesus answered and said, My doc- Joh_7:16   

18 trine3is not mine, but his that sent me. Whoever wisheth to do his will understandeth my doctrine3 whether it be from God, or whether I speak of mine own accord. Joh_7:17   

19 Whosoever speaketh of his own accord seeketh praise for himself; but whosoever seeketh praise for him that sent him, he is true, and unrighteousness in his heart Joh_7:18   

20 there is none. Did not Moses give you the law, and no man of you keepeth the Joh_7:19   

21 law? Why seek ye to kill me? The multitude answered and said unto him, Thou Joh_7:20   

22 hast demons:4 who seeketh to kill thee? Jesus answered and said unto them, I did Joh_7:21   

23 one deed, and ye all marvel because of this. Moses hath given you circumcision (not because it is from Moses, but it is from the fathers); and ye on the sabbath Joh_7:22   

24 circumcise a man. And if a man is circumcised on the sabbath day, that the law of Moses may not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I healed on the sabbath Joh_7:23   

25 day the whole man? Judge not with hypocrisy, but judge righteous judgement. Joh_7:24   

26 And some people from Jerusalem said, Is not this he whom they seek to slay? Joh_7:25   

27 And lo, he discourseth with them openly, and they say nothing unto him. Think Joh_7:26   

28 you that our eiders have learned that this is the Messiah indeed? But this man is5 known whence he is; and the Messiah, when he cometh, no man knoweth whence Joh_7:27   

29 he is. So Jesus lifted up his voice as he taught in the temple, and said, Ye both know me, and know whence I am; and of my own accord am I not come, but he Joh_7:28   

30 Arabic p. 109 that sent me is true, he whom ye know not: but I know him; for I am Joh_7:29   

31 from him, and he sent me. And they sought to seize him: and no man Joh_7:30   

32 laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come. But many of the multitude believed on him; and they said, The Messiah, when he cometh, can it be that he will do more than these signs that this man doeth? Joh_7:31   

33 And a man of that multitude said unto our Lord, Teacher, say to my brother Luk_12:13   

34 that he divide with me the inheritance. Jesus said unto him, Man, who is it that Luk_12:14   

35 appointed me over you as a judge and divider? And he said unto his disciples, Take heed within yourselves of all inordinate desire; for it is not in abundance of Luk_12:15   

36 possessions that life shall be. And he gave them this parable: The ground of a Luk_12:16   

37 rich man brought forth abundant produce: and he pondered within himself, and Luk_12:17   

38 said, What shall I do, since I have no place to store my produce? And he said, I will do this: I will pull down the buildings of my barns, and build them, and make Luk_12:18   

39 them greater; and store there all my wheat and my goods. And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid by for many years; take thine ease, eat, Luk_12:19   

40 drink, enjoy thyself. God said unto him, O thou of little intelligence, this night shall thy soul be taken from thee; and this that thou hast prepared, whose shall it Luk_12:20   

41 be? So is he that layeth up treasures for himself, and is not rich in God. Luk_12:21   

42 And while Jesus was going in the way, there came near to him a young man6 of the rulers,7 and fell on his knees, and asked him, and said, Good Teacher, what is Mar_10:17   

43 it that I must do that I may have eternal life? Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou Mar_10:18   

44 me good, while there is none good but the one, even God?8 Thou knowest the commandments.9 Mar_10:19   

45 Arabic p. 110 If thou wouldest enter into life, keep the commandments.9 The young man said unto him, Which of the commandments?10 Jesus said unto him, Mat_19:17 Mat_19:18   

46 Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shall not do injury, Honour thy father Mar_10:19   

47 and thy mother: and, Love thy neighbour as thyself. That young man said unto Mat_19:19 Mat_19:20   

48 him, All these have I kept from my youth: what then is it that I lack? And Jesus Mar_10:21   

49 looked intently at him, and loved him, and said unto him, If thou wouldest be perfect, what thou lackest is one thing:11 go away and sell everything that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and take thy Mat_19:21   

50 cross, and follow me. And that young man frowned at this word, and went away Mat_19:22 Luk_18:23   

51 feeling sad; for he was very rich. And when Jesus saw his sadness, he looked towards his disciples, and said unto them, How hard it is for them that have possessions to enter the kingdom of God! Luk_18:24 Mar_10:23  





1 On margin of Vatican ms., in another hand: “This is the beginning of the second part of Diatessaron, which means The Four” See p. 467 of Ciasca’s Essay, mentioned above Introduction, 5.

2 Or, the scripture.

3 This word ordinarily means knowledge but is used in this world in the sense of doctrine. The commoner form occurs perhaps only in Section 50, 2.

4 cf. Section 14, 12.

5 Or, will be.

6 From Matthew.

7 From Luke

8 The scribe who wrote the Vatican ms. wrote first God, the one, and then reversed the order by writing the Coptic letters for B and A over the words. See Introduction, 5.

9 Different words.

10 The same word as in Mar_10:19

11 From Mark.